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Smith's Lectures on Jurisprudence, originally delivered at the University of Glasgow in 1762-1763, present his "theory of the rules by which civil government ought to be directed." The chief purpose of government, according to Smith, is to preserve justice; and "the object of justice is security from injury." The state must protect the individual's right to his person, property, reputation, and social relations.
Building on his Theory of Moral Sentiments, Smith argues that the state must act as an impartial spectator, judging when an individual has been injured. The state must then design and apply civil and criminal laws to prevent further injuries and punish transgressors. Laws are also the means by which the state promotes public prosperity. Thus, regulations concerning trade, commerce, and production must be crafted so as to encourage rather than interfere with our productive capacities.
LECTURES ON JURISPRUDENCE
Report of 1762-3 1
Report dated 1766 395
'Early Draft' of Part of The Wealth of Nations 562
First Fragment on the Division of Labour 582
Second Fragment on the Division of Labour 585
Index of Roman Law and Medieval Law Sources 587
Index of Acts of the English and United Kingdom Parliaments 588
Index of Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland 589
Index of Legal Cases 590
Index of Authorities 591
General Index 597