LEGENDS OF THE GODS

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Overview

CONTENTS





CHAPTER

I. THE LEGEND OF THE CREATION

II. THE LEGEND OF THE DESTRUCTION OF MANKIND

III. THE LEGEND OF RA AND THE SNAKE-BITE

IV. THE LEGEND OF HORUS OF EDFU AND THE WINGED DISK

V. THE LEGEND OF THE ORIGIN OF HORUS

VI. A LEGEND OF KHENSU NEFER-HETEP AND THE PRINCESS OF BEKHTEN

VII. THE LEGEND OF KHNEMU AND A SEVEN YEARS' FAMINE

VIII. THE LEGEND OF THE DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF HORUS

IX. THE LEGEND OF ISIS AND OSIRIS ACCORDING TO CLASSICAL WRITERS






LIST OF PLATES AND ILLUSTRATIONS ON OR FOLLOWING PAGE:


The History of Creation

I. Horus holding the Hippopotamus-fiend with chain and spear

II. Horus spearing the Hippopotamus-fiend

III. Horus spearing the Hippopotamus-fiend

IV. Horus and Isis capturing the Hippopotamus fiend

V. Horus on the back of the Hippopotamus-fiend

VI. The slaughter of the Hippopotamus-fiend

VII. Horus of Behutet and Ra-Harmakhis in a shrine

VIII. Horus of Behutet and Ra-Harmakhis in a shrine

IX. Ashthertet in her chariot

X. Horus holding captive foes and spearing Typhonic animals

XI. Horus spearing human foes

XII. Horus spearing the crocodile

XIII. Horus in the form of a lion

XIV. The Procreation of Horus, son of Isis.

XV. The Resurrection of Osiris.

XVI. The Bekhten Stele

XVII. The Metternich Stele--Obverse

XVIII. The Metternich Stele--Reverse





INTRODUCTION


I.


THE LEGEND OF THE GOD NEB-ER-TCHER, AND THE HISTORY OF CREATION.




The text of the remarkable Legend of the Creation which forms the first
section of this volume is preserved in a well-written papyrus in the
British Museum, where it bears the number 10,188. This papyrus was
acquired by the late Mr. A. H. Rhind in 1861 or 1862, when he was
excavating some tombs on the west bank of the Nile at Thebes. He did
not himself find it in a tomb, but he received it from the British
Consul at Luxor, Mustafa Agha, during an interchange of gifts when Mr.
Rhind was leaving the country. Mustafa Agha obtained the papyrus from
the famous hiding-place of the Royal Mummies at Der-al-Bahari, with the
situation of which he was well acquainted for many years before it
became known to the Egyptian Service of Antiquities. When Mr. Rhind
came to England, the results of his excavations were examined by Dr.
Birch, who, recognising the great value of the papyrus, arranged to
publish it in a companion volume to Facsimiles of Two Papyri, but the
death of Mr. Rhind in 1865 caused the project to fall through. Mr.
Rhind's collection passed into the hands of Mr. David Bremner, and the
papyrus, together with many other antiquities, was purchased by the
Trustees of the British Museum. In 1880 Dr. Birch suggested the
publication of the papyrus to Dr. Pleyte, the Director of the Egyptian
Museum at Leyden. This savant transcribed and translated some passages
from the Festival Songs of Isis and Nephthys, which is the first text
in it, and these he published in Recueil de Travaux, Paris, tom. iii.,
pp. 57-64. In 1886 by Dr. Birch's kindness I was allowed to work at
the papyrus, and I published transcripts of some important passages and
the account of the Creation in the Proceedings of the Society of
Biblical Archaeology, 1886-7, pp. 11-26. The Legend of the Creation
was considered by Dr. H. Brugsch to be of considerable value for the
study of the Egyptian Religion, and encouraged by him[FN#1] I made a
full transcript of the papyrus, which was published in Archaeologia,
(vol. lii., London, 1891), with transliterations and translations. In
1910 I edited for the Trustees of the British Museum the complete
hieratic text with a revised translation.[FN#2]



[FN#1] Ein in moglichst wortgetreuer Uebersetzung vorglegter Papyrus-
text soll den Schlussstein meines Werkes bilden. Er wird den Beweis
fur die Richtigkeit meiner eigenen Untersuchungen vollenden, indem er
das wichtigste Zeugniss altagyptischen Ursprungs den zahlreichen, von
mir angezogenen Stellen aus den Inschriften hinzufugt. Trotz mancher
Schwierigkeit im Einzelnen ist der Gesammtinhalt des Textes, den zuerst
ein englischer Gelehrter der Wissenschaft zuganglich gemacht hat, such
nicht im geringsten misszuverstehen (Brugsch, Religion, p. 740). He
gives a German translation of the Creation Legend on pp. 740, 741, and
a transliteration on p. 756.
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Product Details

  • BN ID: 2940015835267
  • Publisher: SAP
  • Publication date: 11/12/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 146 KB

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