Legislating Medical Ethics: A Study of the New York State Do-Not-Resuscitate Law / Edition 1by R.B. Baker, M. Strosberg
Pub. Date: 12/09/2010
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Can medical ethics be legislated? Can a complex bioethical question be definitively answered through legislation? In July 1987 the New York State legislature experimented with legislating medical ethics by amending the state's public health law to regulate 'Do Not Resuscitate' orders. The consequent law was complex and remains controversial. This volume reviews both the background bioethical debates and the elements of the public policy making process that are essential to understanding New York's experience with the DNR law. It features debates between leading exponents and critics of the law; case studies that examine the impact of New York's DNR law on clinicians, hospitals and patients; and a review of all empirical studies of the law by their lead authors. Appended to the volume is the New York State DNR law and a comprehensive set of background documents.
The co-editors, Robert Baker and Martin A. Strosberg, are both professors at Union College, Schenectady, New York. They have collaborated on many projects including, Rationing America's Medical Care: The Oregon Plan and Beyond (Brookings, 1992).
Table of ContentsPreface. Introduction; R. Baker, M.A. Strosberg. Part I: The Task Force and the Law. Task Force Report Executive Summary; N.Y.State Task Force on Life and the Law. The New York State Do-Not-Resuscitate Law: a Study of Public Policymaking; M.A. Strosberg. The Legitimation and Regulation of DNR Orders; R. Baker. Part II: The DNR Controversy in New York State. Taking Stock of Policies for Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders: Perception and Practice; T.E. Miller. Where Are we Going with Do Not Resuscitate Orders Policies? J. Greenlaw. New York State's Do-Not-Resuscitate Law; D. Axelrod. New York's Do-Not-Resuscitate Law: Bad Law, Bad Medicine, and Bad Ethics; G. Annas. Edited Transcript of Question & Answer Sessions at Union College Conference. Part III: Case Studies. Implementation of the New York Do-Not-Resuscitate Law at a Teaching Hospital; C. Shearer Antonelli. One Family's Experience with the New York DNR Law; D. Damm O'Brien. When the Ambulance goes Home: a Tragic Flaw in the New York State Do Not Resuscitate Law; T.E. Quill. Implementation of the New York State DNR Law at a Community Hospital; C. Clay. The New York DNR Law and the Disabled: the Experience of the New York State Office of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities; L.R. Faulkner. Striking a Balance; D. Finley. Part IV: Research. The Do Not Resuscitate Order as Ritual; R. Zussman. New York's Do-Not-Resuscitate Law: Burden or Benefit? R.S. Kamer, J.A. McClung. Does the New York State DNR Law Prevent Medically Inappropriate DNR? J.C. Ahronheim, S. Maheswaran, C. Rosenberg. The Effects of a Hospital Policy and State Legislation on Resuscitation Orders for Geriatric Patients; T.E. Quill, N.M. Bennett. The New York State DNR Law: Views of the Members of the New York Chapter of the American College of Physicians; N. Spritz. The 1988 DNR Reforms: a Comparative Study of the Impact of the New York DNR Law and the JCAHO Accreditation Requirements (The Union College Study); R. Baker, M.A. Strosberg, J. Schmee, I.A. Fein, V. Jonas Dersch, J. Bynum, P. Oates. Differences in Clinicians' Reactions to the New York State DNR; V.J. Dersch. Part V: Retrospection and Reflection. An Assessment of the Union College Study and a Response to Robert Baker's Analysis of the DNR Law; T.E. Miller. A Review of the Empirical Studies of the DNR Law and a Rejoinder to Tracy Miller; R. Baker. Appendices: The Genealogy of New York State's Do-Not-Resuscitate Law. New York Public Health Law Article 29 (1987) &endash; New York State Legislature. Guidelines for Hospitals and Physicians on 'Do Not Resuscitate' (1982) &endash; Medical Society of the State of New York. Deciding to Forego Life-Sustaining Treatment (1983, Excerpted) &endash; President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Do Not Resuscitate Orders: the Proposed Legislation and Report of the New York State Force on Life and the Law (1986, 1988, Condensed) &endash; N.Y.State Task Force on Life and the Law. Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders: Questions and Answers for Health Care Professionals (1988) &endash; Medical Society of the State of New York, New York State Dept. of Health, Hospital Association of New York State. Letter to New York State Assembly Minority Counsel (1991) &endash; R. Baker, M. Strosberg, L. Digiulio. Amendments to the New York Public Health Law 29-B (1991) &endash; New York State Le
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