Lenin and the Making of the Soviet State: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

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Vladimir Ilich Lenin (1870 – 1924) led the first successful revolt against market-based liberal democracy and founded the Soviet State in 1917, serving as the new nation’s chief architect and sole ruler for the next five years. This collection of primary sources allows readers to learn about Lenin through his own words and emphasizes Lenin’s actions rather than his ideology. Jeffrey Brooks and Georgiy Chernyavskiy have translated newly available documents that make it possible to provide a more accurate portrait of a ruthless political strategist whose actions created a new political, economic, social, and cultural system that in its heyday challenged the military, technological, and cultural might of the United States. Document headnotes, a chronology, questions for consideration, and a selected bibliography offer additional pedagogical support and encourage students to analyze the actions and beliefs of a man who transformed world history and whose legacy continues to affect social and political movements throughout the world.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312412661
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 10/27/2006
  • Series: Bedford Series in History and Culture
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 192
  • Sales rank: 1,079,489
  • Product dimensions: 5.84 (w) x 8.16 (h) x 0.42 (d)

Meet the Author

Jeffrey Brooks is Professor of History, Johns Hopkins University.

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Table of Contents

Foreword     iii
Preface     v
Introduction: V. I. Lenin's Life and Legacy     1
V. I. Lenin and the Founding of the Soviet State     1
The Russia of Lenin's Youth     3
Lenin as Revolutionary     7
World War I and the Russian Revolution     12
Bolshevik Rule and the New Soviet State     17
War Communism: Ideology or Pragmatism?     20
Lenin's Last Active Years: The New Economic Policy and Other Innovations     22
Lenin's Decline     25
Lenin's Legacy     29
The Documents     35
Lenin and the Bolshevik Seizure of Power, 1900-1917     37
Lenin as a Theorist of Revolution     38
From The Urgent Tasks of Our Movement, December 1900     38
From What Is to Be Done? 1902     39
From The Party Organization and Party Literature, November 1905     42
From Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism, 1916     44
From The State and Revolution, 1917     45
The Path to the Bolsheviks' Seizure of Power     48
From The Tasks of the Proletariat in the Present Revolution (April Theses), April 1917     49
From Speech in Favor of the Resolution on the War, April 27 (May 10), 1917     51
From Resolution on the National Question, May 1917     52
From An Open Letter to the Delegates of the All-Russian Congress of Peasants' Deputies, May 7 (29), 1917     53
From The Political Situation, July 10 (23), 1917     56
From The Impending Catastrophe and How to Combat It, September 10-14 (September 23-27), 1917     57
From One of the Fundamental Questions of the Revolution, September 27 (October 10), 1917     59
The Monopolization of Power during the Civil War: 1917-1920     61
Toward One-Party Power     62
From To Workers, Soldiers, and Peasants! October 25 (November 7), 1917     62
From Resolution of the Central Committee of the RSDLP(B) on the Opposition within the Central Committee, November 2 (15), 1917     63
Decree on the Arrest of the Leaders of the Civil War against the Revolution, November 28 (December 11), 1917     64
From Draft Decree on the Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly, January 6 (19), 1918     65
From Speech to Propagandists on Their Way to the Provinces, February 5, 1918     67
Interview Granted to an Izvestia Correspondent in Connection with the Left Socialist-Revolutionary Revolt, July 8, 1918     69
The Bolshevik Terror and the Stigmatization of Public Enemies     71
Draft Resolution on Freedom of the Press, November 4 (17), 1917      71
Letter to G. I. Blagonravov and V. D. Bonch-Bruevich, December 8 (21), 1917     73
Telegram to V. L. Paniushkin, June 15, 1918     74
Letter to G. E. Zinoviev, June 26, 1918     75
From Report of the Council of People's Commissars on the Fifth All-Russian Congress of Soviets, July 5, 1918     76
Telegram to the Penza Gubernia Executive Committee of the Soviets, August 19, 1918     77
From Letter to Maxim Gorky, September 15, 1919     78
Problems of War and World Revolution     79
The Socialist Fatherland Is in Danger! February 21, 1918     80
V. I. Lenin and others, From Resolution on War and Peace, March 8, 1918     82
From Letter to the Workers and Peasants apropos of the Victory over Kolchak, August 24, 1919     83
From Letter to American Workers, August 20, 1918     86
From Speech at the Opening Session of the Congress, March 2, 1919     88
From "Left-Wing" Communism-an Infantile Disorder, April-May 1920     89
From Report on the International Situation and the Fundamental Tasks of the Communist International to the Second Congress of Comintern, July 19, 1920     90
From Political Report to the Ninth All-Russian Conference of the RCP(B), September 20, 1920     92
War Communism and the Invention of a Command Economy     94
From The Immediate Tasks of the Soviet Government, March-April 1918 (published in Pravda on April 28, 1918)     94
From Organization of Food Detachments, June 27, 1918     97
From Speech to the First All-Russian Congress of Land Departments, Poor Peasants' Committees, and Communes, December 11, 1918     99
From Political Report of the Central Committee to the Eighth All-Russian Conference of the RCP(B), December 2, 1919     101
Threats to the Revolution: The Development of the New Economic Policy     103
Disputes and Opposition in the Party, 1920-1921     104
From The Party Crisis, January 21 (February 3), 1921     104
Summary of Lenin's Remarks at the Conference of the Delegates to the Tenth Congress of the RCP(B) - Supporters of the Platform of Ten, March 13, 1921     106
From Preliminary Draft Resolution of the Tenth Congress of the RCP on Party Unity, March 1921     108
Anti-Bolshevik Popular Uprisings and the Shift in Policy     111
From Report on the Political Work of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) on Tenth Congress of the RCP(B), March 8, 1921     112
Rough Draft of Theses Concerning the Peasants, February 8, 1921     114
Lenin's Objective in the New Economic Policy     115
From Report on the Substitution of a Tax in Kind for the Surplus Grain Appropriation System, March 15, 1921     115
Draft Resolution on the Question of the New Economic Policy for the Tenth Conference of the RCP(B), May 1921     119
V. I. Lenin and V. M. Molotov, Telegram to All Provincial and Regional Party Committees of the RCP(B), July 30, 1921     123
From The Political Report of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) to the Eleventh Congress of the RCP(B), March 27, 1922     125
Economic Policy under the NEP     129
From Five Years of the Russian Revolution and the Prospects of the World Revolution: Report to the Fourth Congress of the Communist International, November 13, 1922     129
Letter to Maxim Gorky, December 6, 1921     134
The Institutionalization of a One-Party System     135
From We Have Paid Too Much, April 9, 1922     135
Letter to I. V. Stalin, July 17, 1922     139
Toward a Single Spiritual and Cultural System     141
Letter to A. V. Lunacharsky, May 6, 1921     142
Letter to V. M. Molotov for the Politburo of the CC of RCP(B), January 12, 1922     143
From The Tasks of the Youth Leagues, October 2, 1920     144
From Letter to V. M. Molotov for the Members of the CC of RCP(B), March 19, 1922     146
The Sick Leader: De Facto Removal from Power     150
Letter to Stalin for Politburo of RCP(B) CC, June 15, 1922     151
From Letter to the Congress: Continuation of the Notes, December 24, 1922      152
Letter to I. V. Stalin, March 5, 1923     155
Lenin's Last Thoughts     156
From On Co-operation, January 4 and 6, 1923     157
From The Question of Nationalities or "Autonomization," December 30, 1922     159
A Chronology of V. I. Lenin's Life (1870-1924)     162
Questions for Consideration     165
Selected Bibliography     166
Index     169
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