Let Every Nation Know

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Overview

Let Every Nation Know is the first book of its kind-a historical biography in Kennedy's own words. Combining a remarkable audio CD of Kennedy's most famous speeches, debates and press conferences with the insights of two of America's preeminent historians, the result is a unique look at the world-changing words and presidency of John F. Kennedy.

Robert Dallek, author of the #1 bestselling biography An Unfinished Life, and Terry Golway, author of Washington's General, bring to ...

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Overview

Let Every Nation Know is the first book of its kind-a historical biography in Kennedy's own words. Combining a remarkable audio CD of Kennedy's most famous speeches, debates and press conferences with the insights of two of America's preeminent historians, the result is a unique look at the world-changing words and presidency of John F. Kennedy.

Robert Dallek, author of the #1 bestselling biography An Unfinished Life, and Terry Golway, author of Washington's General, bring to life the soaring oratory, marvelous wit and the intense drama of Kennedy's words and the events they evoke.

"I had forgotten just how powerful these speeches were but the CD brings them to life once more and Dallek and Golway have done a masterful job of putting them into context."-Bob Schieffer, CBS News

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A well-made enhanced e-book that collects some 30 speeches by John F. Kennedy from January 1960 until the day before his assassination in November 1963...Readable and easily navigated and bookmarked-a first-rate introduction to the Kennedy presidency." - Kirkus
Thurston Clarke
Dallek (the author of the splendid JFK biography An Unfinished Life) and Golway (the author of Washington's General) examine each example of Kennedy's rhetoric, from his 1960 campaign through to Dallas, in chapters that are arranged chronologically, provide historical context and quote the most noteworthy passages. (Unfortunately, they have not included a complete transcript of each speech.) The perhaps unintended result is a terse and judicious narrative that may be the best concise account of the Kennedy presidency ever written. But if their superb text is not enough to convince post-1963 Americans that JFK deserves to be ranked among the greatest presidents, the audio CD of his speeches that accompanies the book virtually makes the case on its own and will be a revelation to anyone whose familiarity with his oratory is limited to his magnificent inaugural address
— The Washington Post
Publishers Weekly
After Lincoln, John F. Kennedy is generally acknowledged as our most eloquent president. The words of such major speeches as his inaugural and his remarks at the Berlin Wall resonate still in the minds of Americans. But as this book and CD illustrate, Kennedy was equally articulate on a host of other occasions, including campaign debates with Richard Nixon, White House press conferences, commencement addresses and comments on such topics as the integration of the University of Mississippi and the Cuban missile crisis. Of course, a large part of JFK's communicative excellence lay in his smart, confident delivery. Thus bestselling Kennedy biographer Dallek and Golway (The Irish in America) present the speeches on a CD featuring Kennedy's own voice, while their book sets each of the CD's 32 tracks in historical context. The speeches and commentary trace JFK's presidential career from the 1960 campaign through his death. Painstakingly, the authors lay out the parameters of real politics that lay behind particular phrases and positions. In the end, the reader/listener is even more impressed with JFK after learning the backgrounds and contexts and then hearing Kennedy so lucidly express the words. (Apr.) Copyright 2006 Reed Business Information.
Library Journal
History generally tells us that President Kennedy's deft use of soaring rhetoric, infused with historical anecdotes and biblical references, inspired the nation during the early 1960s and helped solidify his reputation as a great president. Eminent Kennedy biographer Dallek (An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963) and Golway (The Irish in America) here support that assertion with a book giving brief analyses of 31 of JFK's speeches and debates, presented in audio selections on the accompanying CD-ROM. The results reveal Kennedy's eloquence, humor, and grace under pressure. Along with numerous photographs, the text and CD-ROM together provide an accessible and concise digest of the Kennedy administration. Readers will go back to the often harrowing events of those years, including the 1961 Berlin Crisis, the Civil Rights battles at the universities of Mississippi and Alabama, and the Cuban Missile Crisis. The speeches are not transcribed, with the exception of brief remarks, never spoken, that Kennedy was to make in Dallas on his final trip. This work illuminates the importance of public address to the success and reputation of presidents and shows that Kennedy mastered this art. Recommended for all public libraries.-Karl Helicher, Upper Merion Twp. Lib., King of Prussia, PA Copyright 2006 Reed Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
Excerpts of selected speeches, interviews and debates delivered by the last president (but one) not to speak from note cards or in sound bites; packaged with an audio CD. John Fitzgerald Kennedy, avow presidential historian Dallek (Flawed Giant, 1998) and New York Observer columnist Golway (Washington's General, 2005), "spoke in literate paragraphs, and his speeches were filled with references to history and literature that have all but disappeared from American political discourse." Indeed, Ronald Reagan borrowed the "city on a hill" trope, unacknowledged, from Kennedy, who took it from the early American Protestant religious dissenter John Winthrop; it always sounded a little foreign on Reagan's lips, but Kennedy-though, famously, the first and only Catholic president-naturally took to the rhetoric of Boston's Brahmins. Dallek and Golway, for their part, acknowledge that Kennedy had speechwriters aplenty, notably the brilliant Theodore Sorensen, who wrote much of Kennedy's Profiles in Courage; regrettably, they do not go on to distinguish which of his aides concocted which New Frontier theme. The help notwithstanding, Kennedy did his homework, was smart and hardworking and gave a resounding speech. As Dallek and Golway remark on the best of his public utterances, they offer illuminations and remember little-known episodes. The third presidential debate with Richard Nixon featured Nixon tsk-tsking Harry Truman for using words like "hell" and "damn," saying that he'd never allow such language in his White House. (The irony, the irony.) The debates were followed by the narrowest election in history, they note, but not so narrow as Nixon protested; even if Nixon had won the supposedlyrigged Illinois vote, Kennedy would have carried the Electoral College. And Kennedy berated himself over the Bay of Pigs disaster, which only seemed to increase the esteem his compatriots felt: "It's like Eisenhower," he said. "The worse I do, the more popular I get."Useful for students of presidential history, and worthy of emulation: a selected Ford, anyone?
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781402209222
  • Publisher: Sourcebooks, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 5/28/2007
  • Edition description: Includes CD
  • Pages: 308
  • Sales rank: 535,721
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.88 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert Dallek
Robert Dallek was a winner of the Bancroft Prize for his book FDR and American Foreign Policy. An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963, published in 2003, sold 230,000 copies in hardcover in the United States and Canada and an equal number of copies in hardcover and trade paperback in the United Kingdom. He lives in Washington, D.C.

Terry Golway is also the author of Washington's General, a biography of Nathanael Green. He writes for the New York Times, American Heritage and the New York Observer. He lives in Maplewood, New Jersey.

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Read an Excerpt

Chapter 8
A City Upon a Hill
Address to the General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
January 9, 1961
Track 8

John F. Kennedy's great-grandparents sailed from Ireland to Boston in 1847, a year remembered in Irish and Irish-American history as "Black '47." The main food supply of the poor, landless Irish farmer-the potato-had failed in 1845, and again in 1846. By 1847, hundreds of thousands were dying or leaving.

Bridget and Patrick Kennedy escaped death and starvation, and started a new life in the slums of East Boston. Poverty in America was harsh, but it was preferable to death in Ireland.

Before long, children began to arrive-the first members of this Kennedy family born in the United States. By the summer of 1853, Bridget and Patrick Kennedy had four children. But little John, eighteen months old, was terribly ill. The child had cholera, one of the many plagues that regularly visited the urban poor of East Boston and other cities in the mid-nineteenth century.

John Kennedy did not survive. He died in late 1855. Remarkably, though, his three siblings did not contract the disease. Often cholera could and did wipe out entire families.

Less than three years later, John's parents, Bridget and Patrick Kennedy celebrated the arrival of another son, whom they christened Patrick Joseph but called P.J. Their joy was to be short-lived. Before the child was a year old, the family patriarch, thirty-five-year-old Patrick Kennedy, became desperately ill. He, too, had cholera. He died on November 22, 1858.

P.J. Kennedy grew up without a father. His mother did her best, as so many immigrant women did, to keep her family together by any and all means necessary. Eventually, P.J. opened a saloon and started a family of his own. His son, Joseph Kennedy, would become U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. James and the patriarch of one of the world's most-famous families. And in January, 1961, P.J. Kennedy's grandson, John F. Kennedy, became President of the United States.

When President-elect Kennedy stood before the political leaders of Massachusetts on January 9, 1961, for what he vowed would not be a farewell address to his native state, he said nothing of his family's remarkable saga. The setting, the ornate Massachusetts statehouse, would have seemed perfect for a nostalgic reminiscence, or a self-consciously humble recitation of the Kennedy family's extraordinary story:. Here was a son of Massachusetts, speaking to a joint session of the commonwealth's legislature, surrounded by familiar faces, preparing to set off for the White House. There could have been no better occasion to reflect on the journey from Sumner Street in East Boston to Pennsylvania Avenue in the nation's capital, accomplished in three generation. So many of the men and women gathered to hear the President-elect saw him as not just another Massachusetts man made good-the commonwealth had shared its sons with the nation since John Adams-but as a symbol of what courageous immigrant families could achieve in America. He was more than a son of Massachusetts. He was a Catholic. His great-grandparents were poor immigrants who fled Ireland during its darkest hour. His grandfather overcame tragedy and poverty to found a business. Regardless of how one felt about the new President's politics, it was hard to deny that his was a compelling story, a story made in Massachusetts.

What's more, he was historically important. As the first Catholic President, he was the first person from outside the country's Anglo-Saxon, Protestant majority to assume the highest office in the land. His importance to Catholics and to the sons and daughters of Irish immigrants was clear. Less obvious, but compelling nevertheless, was his importance to other groups outside mainstream American culture, circa 1960. Though he was wealthy and privileged, a white male with a degree from the finishing school known as Harvard University, he was described in the Times of London as the first president from a member of a minority group. And so he was.

Today, when all politics is autobiography, when candidates and officeholders talk as much about their lives and their families as they do about public policy, those who continue to chip away at barriers to high public office are not shy about celebrating their achievements. But there was no such sense of triumphalism in John Kennedy's non-farewell speech to his home state.

When he compared the task of assembling a government to a notable journey across the Atlantic, the ship he cited was not the leaky vessel that brought his great-grandparents from Ireland to Boston, but the flagship Arabella, which brought John Winthrop and the Puritans from old England to New England. Rather than refer to the immigrant history that was more immediate and more personal for so many of his listeners, he chose imagery from the very founding of the nation, by men and women whose descendants were the proverbial blue-blood Brahmins of Beacon Hill. Their leader, Winthrop, set the standard to which Kennedy aspired. Quoting Winthrop, Kennedy said: "We must always consider . . . that we shall be as a city upon a hill . . . The eyes of all people are upon us."

The reference would later become associated with Ronald Reagan, who offered the same quotation from Winthrop in a speech in 1974. More famously, Reagan repeated the quotation throughout his presidency, including his farewell speech in 1989. Through the years, however, Reagan ad-libbed a bit by adding the adjective "shining" to Winthrop's original phrase-as in "a shining city upon a hill." Mario Cuomo, in his keynote speech at the Democratic National Convention in 1984, challenged Reagan not so much on the authenticity of the quote, but on the execution of its sentiments. "A shining city is perhaps all the president sees from the portico of the White House and the veranda of his ranch, where everyone seems to be doing well," Cuomo said. "But there's another city; there's another part to the shining city; the part where some people can't pay their mortgages, and most young people can't afford one, where students can't afford the education they need, and middle-class parents watch the dreams they hold for their children evaporate."

Undaunted by Cuomo's rhetorical counter-punch, Reagan returned to the theme in 1989, saying that "I've spoken of the shining city all my political life, but I don't know if I ever quite communicated what I saw when I said it. But in my mind it was a tall proud city built on rocks stronger than oceans, wind-swept, God-blessed, and teeming with people of all kinds living in harmony and peace, a city with free ports that hummed with commerce and creativity, and if there had to be city walls, the walls had doors and the doors were open to anyone with the will and the heart to get here. That's how I saw it and see it still."
When Reagan died in 2003, many eulogists said the former President's vision of America was encapsulated in that famous phrase "shining city upon a hill." Some seemed to believe the quote originated with Reagan. And few realized that Ronald Reagan was not the first President to adopt Winthrop's vision as his own.

But what, precisely, did it mean? In Kennedy's view, it meant that that "our governments, in every branch . . . must be as a city upon a hill, constructed and inhabited by men aware of their great trust and their great responsibilities." There is no mention of governments in Reagan's vision; there is no mention of people in Kennedy's.

It is, in any case, a historical curiosity that John Kennedy and Ronald Reagan, descendants of Gaelic-Irish immigrants and, in their own way, symbols of that more diverse America which emerged in the 20th Century, were inspired by the vision of a Puritan from England who sailed to a new world in the seventeenth century.

As he left Massachusetts in 1961, John Kennedy took on the challenge of building an administration that would match the promise of his words.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
JFK: A Life

Part One: The Pre-Presidential Speeches
Introduction
1: The Power of the Presidency
January 14, 1960
2: The Nomination Secured
July 15, 1960
3: The "So-Called Religious Issue"
September 12, 1960
4: The First Debate
September 26, 1960
5: The Second Debate
October 7, 1960
6: The Third Debate
October 13, 1960
7: The Fourth Debate
October 21, 1960
8: A City upon a Hill
January 9, 1961

Part Two: 1961
Introduction
9: The Inaugural Address
January 20, 1961
10: The Peace Corps
March 1, 1961
11: The Alliance for Progress
March 13, 1961
12: The Bay of Pigs
April 20, 1961 and April 21, 1961
13: The Presidency and The Press
April 27, 1961
14: A Man on the Moon
May 25, 1961
15: Preparing for War
July 25, 1961
16: A Nuclear Sword of Damocles
September 25, 1961

Part Three: 1962
Introduction
17: The Celebrity President
January 20, 1962
18: Hammering Big Steel
April 11, 1962
19: A Declaration of Interdependence
July 4, 1962
20: Why Go to the Moon?
September 12, 1962
21: Mississippi Burns
September 30, 1962
22: The Cuban Missile Crisis
October 22, 1962

Part Four: 1963
Introduction
23: A Vision of Peace
June 10, 1963
24: The Nation's Moral Crisis
June 11, 1963
25: Ich bin ein Berliner
June 26, 1963
26: Ireland's Favorite Son
June 28, 1963
27: "A Spirit of Hope"
July 26, 1963
28: "The Clouds Have Lifted"
September 30, 1963
29: The Arts and Politics
October 26, 1963
30: Watchmen on the Walls of Freedom
November 22, 1963

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Customer Reviews

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 21, 2010

    Interesting and Thought Provoking

    This is a good book if you are a fan of JFK, a history major or teacher, and if you enjoy analyzing speeches given by Politicians. I liked that it came with a CD to actually listen to JFK give this speeches. To hear his tone and infliction as he said certain words makes those words take on a whole new meaning. Powerful and thought provoking at times. Said that this man's life was cut short. As a US History teacher I have used part of this book as a teaching tool during the unit on the 60's and JFK Presidency.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 11, 2009

    No text was provided for this review.

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