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Ethno-nationalist conflicts are rampant today, causing immense human loss. Stanley J. Tambiah is concerned with the nature of the ethno-nationalist explosions that have disfigured so many regions of the world in recent years. He focuses primarily on collective violence in the form of civilian "riots" in South Asia, using selected instances in Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and
India. He situates these riots in the larger political, economic, and religious contexts in which they took place and also examines the strategic actions and motivations of their principal agents.
In applying a wide range of social theory to the problems of ethnic and religious violence, Tambiah pays close attention to the history and culture of the region.
On one level this provocative book is a scrupulously detailed anthropological and historical study, but on another it is an attempt to understand the social and political changes needed for a more humane order, not just in South Asia, but throughout the world.
|List of Figures, Maps, and Tables|
|Pt. 1||Selected Sites of Conflict in South Asia|
|1||The Wider Context||3|
|2||Orientation and Objectives||20|
|3||The 1915 Sinhala Buddhist-Muslim Riots in Ceylon||36|
|4||Two Postindependence Ethnic Riots in Sri Lanka||82|
|5||Sikh Identity, Separation, and Ethnic Conflict||101|
|6||Ethnic Conflict in Pakistan||163|
|Pt. 2||Rethinking the Nature of Collective Violence|
|7||Some General Features of Ethnic Riots and Riot Crowds||213|
|8||The Routinization and Ritualization of Violence||221|
|9||Hindu Nationalism, the Ayodhya Campaign, and the Babri Masjid||244|
|10||Entering a Dark Continent: The Political Psychology of Crowds||266|
|11||Reconfiguring Le Bon and Durkheim on Crowds as Collectives||297|
|12||The Moral Economy of Collective Violence||309|