Levels of Selection in Evolution:by Laurent Keller
Ever since the groundbreaking work of George Williams, W. D. Hamilton, and Richard Dawkins, evolutionary biologists have recognized that natural selection generally does not operate for the good of the group, but rather for the good of lower-level units such as the individual, the cell, even the gene. One of the fundamental problems of biology is: what keeps… See more details below
Ever since the groundbreaking work of George Williams, W. D. Hamilton, and Richard Dawkins, evolutionary biologists have recognized that natural selection generally does not operate for the good of the group, but rather for the good of lower-level units such as the individual, the cell, even the gene. One of the fundamental problems of biology is: what keeps competition between these various levels of natural selection from destroying the common interests to be gained from cooperation? In this volume twelve prominent scientists explore this question, presenting a comprehensive survey of the current theoretical and empirical research in evolutionary biology.
Recent studies show that at many levels of biological organization, mechanisms have evolved to prevent potential conflict in natural selection. Editor Laurent Keller's aim in this book is to bring together leading researchers from all biological disciplines to outline these potential conflicts and discuss how they are resolved. A multi-level approach of this kind allows important insights into the evolution of life, as well as bridging the long-standing conceptual chasm between molecular and organismal biologists. The chapters here follow a rigorous theoretical framework, giving the book an overall synergy that is unique to multi-authored books.
The contributors, in addition to the editor, are H. Charles J. Godfray, Edward Allen Herre, Dawn M. Kitchen, Egbert Giles Leigh, Jr., Catherine M. Lessells, Richard E. Michod, Leonard Nunney, Craig Packer, Andrew Pomiankowski, H. Kern Reeve, John Maynard Smith, and Eörs Szathmáry.
Table of Contents
1 Levels of Selection: Burying the Units-of-Selection Debate and Unearthing the Crucial New Issues H. Kern Reeve and Laurent Keller 3
2 Levels of Selection, Potential Conflicts, and Their Resolution: The Role of the "Common Good" Egbert Giles Leigh, Jr. 15
3 The First Replicators Eors Szathmary 31
4 Individuality, Immortality, and Sex Richard E. Michod 53
5 Sexual Conflict in Animals Catherine M. Lessells 75
6 Parent-Offspring Conflict H. Charles J. Godfray 100
7 Intragenomic Conflict Andrew Pomiankowski 121
8 Dynamics of Conflicts within Insect Societies Laurent Keller and H. Kern Reeve 153
9 Complexity in Vertebrate Societies Dawn M. Kitchen and Craig Packer 176
10 Conflict and Cooperation in Human Societies John Maynard Smith 197
11 Laws Governing Species Interactions? Encouragement and Caution from Figs and Their Associates Edward Allen Herre 209
12 Lineage Selection: Natural Selection for Longterm Benefit Leonard Nunney 238
Literature Cited 253
Author Index 301
Subject Index 315
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