LGBT Youth in America's Schools

Overview

Jason Cianciotto and Sean Cahill, experts on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender public policy advocacy, combine an accessible review of social science research with analyses of school practices and local, state, and federal laws that affect LGBT students. In addition, portraits of LGBT youth and their experiences with discrimination at school bring human faces to the issues the authors discuss.

This is an essential guide for teachers, school administrators, guidance ...

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Overview

Jason Cianciotto and Sean Cahill, experts on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender public policy advocacy, combine an accessible review of social science research with analyses of school practices and local, state, and federal laws that affect LGBT students. In addition, portraits of LGBT youth and their experiences with discrimination at school bring human faces to the issues the authors discuss.

This is an essential guide for teachers, school administrators, guidance counselors, and social workers interacting with students on a daily basis; school board members and officials determining school policy; nonprofit advocates and providers of social services to youth; and academic scholars, graduate students, and researchers training the next generation of school administrators and informing future policy and practice.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
In this sobering look at the many issues confronting young LGBT students, Cianciotto and Cahill use statistics and real-life anecdotes to show the pervasiveness of gender- and sexual orientation-based harassment in American schools, and argue for institutional reform and policy changes. Recent research shows that relative to studies conducted in the 70s and 80s, the age at which individuals self-identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender has dropped significantly. This means that more and more young people are coming out (or being outted) while still technically a minor, and thus subject to the rules of their educational institutions, and increasingly the abuse of their peers, teachers, and school administrators. "he majority of states have laws or regulations that prohibit discrimination," but the authors point out that those laws often do not include "specific enumeration of sexual orientation" and gender identification, which classifications would be "critical" in protecting LGBT students. Organized into three sections (research, current policies, and an agenda for looking forward), Cianciotto and Cahill's treatise is an informative and compelling basis for continuing the discussion (especially as regards LGBT students of color) of how best to protect the rights of a vulnerable and largely disenfranchised group. While their approach is accessible enough for the concerned lay reader, policymakers and educational professionals will likely get the most out of this study. (June)
Gay Calgary - William Carpentiere
"While topics such as marriage equality, anti-LGBT hate crimes, and adoption by same-sex couples continue to grab news headlines, Jason Cianciotto and Sean Cahill remind readers to remember the youth affected by these human rights struggles in schools across the country. The educational foundation we offer these students today will impact the success of their, and our, tomorrow."
Gay Calgary Magazine
Journal of School Violence - Renee M. Johnson and V. Paul Poteat

"This book makes a pivotal and substantial contribution to the field that extends beyond the contributions of many other existing resources. ... [W]e recommend this book highly to researchers, school violence professionals, youth workers, educators, and policy makers in hopes that it will serve as a catalyst in our collective efforts to promote the overall health and well-being of LGBT youth."
Journal of School Violence
Choice - H. M. Miller

"The authors do an exceptional job of providing a research-based background to contextualize the book around the need to support victims of homophobia in schools."
—H.M. Miller, Mercy College, Choice - Highly Recommended
Choice Outstanding Academic Title
Named a Choice Outstanding Academic Title
Instinct
"For some of us, the days of high school may seem far removed, but LGBT Youth is truly a must-read for any educator and/or parent."
Instinct
Instinct
"For some of us, the days of high school may seem far removed, but LGBT Youth is truly a must-read for any educator and/or parent."
Instinct
School Library Journal
Cianciotto and Cahill shine a spotlight on issues impacting the emotional and physical well-being of students often marginalized and misunderstood. Their intent is "to support the common goal that schools should be safe and affirming institutions of learning for all students, regardless of real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity." To this end, the authors successfully combine stories about real individuals with research. Divided into three focus areas, and documented with copious notes, an extensive bibliography, and related case-law citations, the book is a must-read guide to the challenges facing LGBT youth and their schools. Section one examines past and current research and notes the difficulties in studying a population that is growing younger, is ethnically and racially diverse, and is often hidden. The extent and consequences of violence directed at LGBT youth in schools, occurring as early as the elementary grades, are also addressed. Section two reviews federal, state, and local laws and outlines positive school-based practices, such as teacher training, gay-straight alliances, and safe-school programs that explicitly protect LGBT students. The third section is a call to action for additional research with an overview of methodology and recommendations for areas of investigation. Timely, comprehensive, and highly readable, this study warrants inclusion in any library serving school administrators, teachers, and other adults who work with and care for children and teens.—Alicia Eames, formerly at New York City Public Schools
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780472031405
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • Publication date: 4/19/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 248
  • Sales rank: 707,252
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Jason Cianciotto is Director of Public Policy at GMHC.
 
Sean Cahill is Director of Health Policy Research at the Fenway Institute in Boston and Adjunct Assistant Professor of Public Administration at New York University.

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Table of Contents

Section 1 A Comprehensive Review of Social Science Research on LGBT Youth and Their Experiences in School

Introduction 3

"Outed" by His Guidance Counselor and Forced to Read Aloud from the Bible at School: A Profile of Thomas McLaughlin 4

1 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: A Critical Population 9

From Isolation to Activism: A Profile of Louie Garay 11

Judge Rules That School Must Allow Transgender Youth to Express Her Gender Identity While Attending School: A Profile of "Pat Doe" 17

2 A Grave Picture of Harassment and Violence in Schools 36

"You're So Gay": A Profile of Carl Joseph Walker-Hoover 41

Gay Student Sues School and Wins $900K Settlement: A Profile of Jamie Nabozny 42

Section 2 A Comprehensive Review of School-Based Practices and Federal, State, and Local Laws and Policies That Affect LGBT Students

3 Federal, State, and Local Policy Interventions 59

School Held Liable for Failing to Protect Students from Harassment: A Profile of Alarm Flores 61

4 School-Based Programs and Practices 83

GSA in Utah Fights for Its Right to Meet at School: A Profile of Kelli Peterson 103

From Group Home to Harvey Milk High: A Profile of Luis A. 105

5 The No Child Left Behind Act and LGBT Students 109

Lesbian Youth Takes Control of Her Life with the Help of the Harvey Milk High School: A Profile of Tenaja Jordan 112

6 Sex Education, Abstinence-Only Programs, and HIV Prevention 133

Lesbian Youth Killed in Newark: A Profile of Sakia Gunn 136

Section 3 A Research Agenda to Guide and Inform Future Policy

7 Political and Methodological Issues Affecting Research/on LGBT Youth 145

Murdered in the Classroom: A Profile of Lawrence King 147

8 The Need for Research on Understudied LGBT Populations 155

A Cry for Help on Deaf Ears: A Profile of Jayron Martin 162

More than Just the Gay Football Team Captain: A Profile of Corey Johnson 169

9 Conclusion and Policy Recommendations: Making It Better for LGBT Students 173

Notes 181

Bibliography 203

Further Reading 227

Case Law Citations 229

Index 231

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