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Life Itself: A Comprehensive Inquiry into the Nature, Origin, and Fabrication of Life
     

Life Itself: A Comprehensive Inquiry into the Nature, Origin, and Fabrication of Life

by Robert Rosen
 

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ISBN-10: 0231075650

ISBN-13: 9780231075657

Pub. Date: 07/06/2005

Publisher: Columbia University Press

Why are living things alive? As a theoretical biologist, Robert Rosen saw this as the most fundamental of all questions-and yet it had never been answered satisfactorily by science. The answers to this question would allow humanity to make an enormous leap forward in our understanding of the principles at work in our world.

For centuries, it was believed that the

Overview

Why are living things alive? As a theoretical biologist, Robert Rosen saw this as the most fundamental of all questions-and yet it had never been answered satisfactorily by science. The answers to this question would allow humanity to make an enormous leap forward in our understanding of the principles at work in our world.

For centuries, it was believed that the only scientific approach to the question "What is life?" must proceed from the Cartesian metaphor (organism as machine). Classical approaches in science, which also borrow heavily from Newtonian mechanics, are based on a process called "reductionism." The thinking was that we can better learn about an intricate, complicated system (like an organism) if we take it apart, study the components, and then reconstruct the system-thereby gaining an understanding of the whole.

However, Rosen argues that reductionism does not work in biology and ignores the complexity of organisms. Life Itself, a landmark work, represents the scientific and intellectual journey that led Rosen to question reductionism and develop new scientific approaches to understanding the nature of life. Ultimately, Rosen proposes an answer to the original question about the causal basis of life in organisms. He asserts that renouncing the mechanistic and reductionistic paradigm does not mean abandoning science. Instead, Rosen offers an alternate paradigm for science that takes into account the relational impacts of organization in natural systems and is based on organized matter rather than on particulate matter alone.

Central to Rosen's work is the idea of a "complex system," defined as any system that cannot be fully understood by reducing it to its parts. In this sense, complexity refers to the causal impact of organization on the system as a whole. Since both the atom and the organism can be seen to fit that description, Rosen asserts that complex organization is a general feature not just of the biosphere on Earth-but of the universe itself.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780231075657
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
Publication date:
07/06/2005
Series:
Complexity in Ecological Systems Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
285
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

1. Prolegomenon2. Strategic Considerations: The Special and the General3. Some Necessary Epistemological Considerations4. The Concept of State5. Entailment Without States: Relational Biology6. Analytic and Synthetic Models7. On Simulation8. Machines and Mechanisms9. Relational Theory of Machines10. Life Itself: The Preliminary Steps11. Relational Biology and Biology

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