Life under Pressure: Mortality and Living Standards in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900

Life under Pressure: Mortality and Living Standards in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900

by Tommy Bengtsson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262025515

ISBN-13: 9780262025515

Pub. Date: 04/01/2004

Publisher: MIT Press

This highly original book--the first in a series analyzing historical population behavior in Europe and Asia--pioneers a new approach to the comparative analysis of societies in the past. Using techniques of event history analysis, the authors examine 100,000 life histories in 100 rural communities in Western Europe and Asia to analyze the demographic response to…  See more details below

Overview

This highly original book--the first in a series analyzing historical population behavior in Europe and Asia--pioneers a new approach to the comparative analysis of societies in the past. Using techniques of event history analysis, the authors examine 100,000 life histories in 100 rural communities in Western Europe and Asia to analyze the demographic response to social and economic pressures. In doing so they challenge the accepted Eurocentric Malthusian view of population processes and demonstrate that population behavior has not been as uniform as previously thought--that it has often been determined by human agency, particularly social structure and cultural practice.

The authors examine the complex relationship between human behavior and social and economic environment, analyzing age, gender, family, kinship, social class and social organization, climate, food prices, and real wages to compare mortality responses to adversity. Their research at the individual, household, and community levels challenges the previously accepted characterizations of social and economic behavior in Europe and Asia in the past. The originality of the analysis as well as the geographic breadth and historical depth of the data make Life Under Pressure a significant advance in the field of historical demography. Its findings will be of interest to scholars in economics, environmental studies, demography, history, and sociology as well as the general reader interested in these subjects.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262025515
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
04/01/2004
Series:
Eurasian Population and Family History
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
552
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Series Foreword
Acknowledgments
Contributors
Malthus's Perspective1
1New Malthusian Perspectives3
IComparative Geographies25
2Living Standards and Economics Stress27
3Economic Stress and Mortality61
4Family and Community85
5Society and Mortality107
IILocal Histories133
6Mortality and Social Class in Four Scanian Parishes, 1766-1865135
7Mortality and Modernization in Sart and Surroundings, 1812-1900173
8Mortality and Environment in Three Emilian, Tuscan, and Venetian Communities, 1800-1883209
9Mortality and Household in Two Ou Villages, 1716-1870253
10Mortality and Household in Seven Liaodong Populations, 1749-1909293
IIIComparative Demographies325
11Gender Differences in Mortality327
12Infant and Child Mortality359
13Old-Age Mortality399
14Agency and Demography: Eurasian Comparisons of Life under Pressure431
AppSources and Measures441
References477
Index523

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >