Lighting Redesign for Existing Buildings / Edition 2

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In Lighting Redesign for Existing Buildings, veteran journalist and educator Craig DiLouie identifies opportunities to both save energy and improve lighting performance in existing buildings. The book outlines the decision-making process behind whether to retrofit or redesign an existing lighting system, describes basic lighting design techniques and how to evaluate lighting equipment, details lighting legislation and energy codes, identifies advanced lighting strategies, and describes the role planned maintenance can play in saving energy and ensuring long-term performance. Readers will gain in-depth insight into assessing and capturing their opportunities with better lighting.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420083859
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 5/2/2011
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

Chapter 1 Retrofit or Relight? 1

Advanced Lighting for Saving Energy 1

Energy-saving Lighting Opportunities 3

Lighting in Older Buildings 7

Landlords and Tenants 9

Lighting Upgrades in Newer Buildings 10

Advanced Lighting for People 11

Relight or Retrofit? 16

The Building Survey: Scouting for Opportunity 20

Data Collection 22

Area-By-Area Survey 22

Determining Lighting Hours 23

Occupancy Survey 23

Survey Tools 23

Chapter 2 An Introduction to Light 27

What Is Light 27

Good Task Visibility and Performance 28

Formula for Task Visibility 29

The Critical Role of Luminance 29

Other Considerations 30

Maximizing Visual Comfort 32

Tired Eyes and Uniformity 32

The Types of Glare 33

Rendering Colors and Skin Tones 36

Color Tone 36

Color Tendering 37

Specifying Color Quality 37

A Few Words of Caution on Color 39

Chapter 3 Lighting Design 41

Design Matters 41

The "Who" of Lighting 42

The Emotional Environment 42

Placing the Light 43

The Case for Wall Lighting 47

Quantity of Light 50

Concept, Then Design 53

Lighting Techniques 53

Task Lighting 56

Accent 56

Downlighting 57

Wall Washing and Grazing 59

Cove Lighting 60

Uplighting 64

Silhouetting 65

Sparkle and Glitter 65

Architectural Integration 65

Light and Shadow 67

The Role of Surfaces in Lighting Efficiency 69

Impact of Daylight 72

Access to a View 72

Benefits of Daylight 73

Integration with Electric Lighting 74

Energy-Efficient Lighting Design Ideas 76

Education: Integrated Classroom Lighting System 76

Office: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guides 80

Office: Task/Ambient Lighting Design with Led Task Lighting 81

Office and Retail: Doe Commercial Lighting Solutions Webtool 84

Demand-Responsive Lighting 86

Chapter 4 Legislation and Codes 89

The Law on Lighting 89

Energy Policy Act of 2005 Sets New Ballast Efficiency Standards 91

Energy Policy Act of 2005 Eliminates Most Mercury Vapor Ballasts 93

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 to Phase Out General-Service Incandescents 93

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 Eliminates Many Incandescent Reflector Lamps 95

Are CFLs net producers of mercury? 96

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 Eliminates Probe-Start Metal Halide Luminaires 98

California Title 20 Mandates Higher Efficiency for Metal Halide Luminaires 100

Department of Energy Rules to Impact General-Service Fluorescent Lamps 102

Department of Energy Rules to Impact Incandescent Reflector Lamps 103

New York City: Largest Buildings Must Upgrade Their Lighting 104

Commercial Buildings Tax Deduction Extended to 2013 107

Energy Codes 110

Effect of LEED on State Energy Code Requirements 111

Energy Codes and Existing Buildings 114

What's New for Lighting in IECC 2009? 116

What's New for Lighting in ASHRAE 90.1-2004? 119

What's New for Lighting in ASHRAE 90.1-2007? 122

Lighting and LEED 2009 126

Energy Performance 126

Light Controllability 127

Light Pollution 128

Mercury Content in Lamps 128

Caveat Emptor 129

Green Building Codes 130

Chapter 5 Evaluating Lighting Equipment 133

Evaluating Light Sources 133

What Is The Distribution of The Light? 134

How Long Does The Lamp Last? 137

How Much Light Does It Produce? 142

How Much Electrical Energy Does The System Require? 145

How Efficient Is It Compared to Others? 148

How Well Does The Light Source Render Colors? 151

Evaluating Luminaires 154

Luminaire Efficiency 155

Luminaire Distribution 158

Photometric Reports 164

Evaluating Lighting Controls 176

Automatic Shutoff Controls 176

Daylight Harvesting 178

Architectural Dimming 179

Personal Control 179

A Role for Control in Lighting Upgrades 180

Solid-State Lighting: LEDs 185

How are LEDs Different Than Traditional Sources? 186

LED Modules 189

Interior LED Luminaires 191

Outdoor LED Luminaires 192

Omnidirectional LED Replacement Lamps 195

Directional LED Replacement Lamps 200

T8 LED Replacement Lamps 201

Understanding LED Service Life 208

Lighting Controls and LED Lighting 210

LEDs: Taming The Wild, Wild West 214

Standard Performance Testing 215

Energy STAR for Luminaires 217

Energy STAR for Replacement Lamps 219

Lighting Facts labeling 220

Next Generation Luminaires Design Competition 223

EMerge Standard Sets The Stage for LED Buildings 225

Chapter 6 Lighting Maintenance 229

Planned Lighting Maintenance 229

Luminaire Cleaning 230

Group Relamping 230

Applications 232

Maintenance As Energy-Saving Lighting Strategy 232

The Planned Maintenance Policy 234

Maintenance Intervals 236

Equipment Selection 238

Lighting Disposal 239

Lamps 241

Disposal Methods 242

Collection And Transportation 242

PCB Ballasts 242

Commissioning Lighting and Control Systems 243

Design Intent 244

System Activation 244

Installation Verification 244

Performance Testing 246

Owner Notification 247

Appendix: Resources 249

Energy Codes 249

Light + Design 249

Commercial Buildings Tax Deduction 250

Lamp Recycling 251

Architectural Lighting Magazine 251

Lighting Blog 251

Controls and Code 251

Architectural SSL Magazine 252

Lighting Directory 252

Learning to See 252

Lighting Classes 253

Electricity Prices 253

Daylighting Studies 253

Energy Star 254

Next Generation Luminaires Competition 254

Dali By Design 255

Lighting Design Lab 255

SSL Quality Advocates 255

Advanced Lighting Guidelines 256

Commercial Lighting Solutions 257

Advanced Energy Design Guides 258

International Dark Sky Association 258

Index 259

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