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Limited By Design

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Overview

Limited by Design is the first comprehensive study of the varying roles played by the more than 16,000 research and development laboratories in the U.S. national innovation system. Michael Crow and Barry Bozeman offer policy makers and scientists a blueprint for making more informed decisions about how to best utilize and develop the capabilities of these facilities. Some labs, such as Bell Labs, Westinghouse, and Eastman Kodak, have been global players since the turn of the century. Others, such as Los Alamos National Laboratory, have been mainstays of the military/energy industrial complex since they evolved in the 1940s. These and other institutions have come to serve as the infrastructure upon which a range of industries have relied and have had a tremendous impact on U.S. social and economic history.

Michael Crow and Barry Bozeman illustrate the histories, missions, structure, and behavior of individual laboratories, and explore the policy contexts in which they are embedded. In studying this large and varied collection of labs, Crow, Bozeman, and their colleagues develop a new framework for understanding the structure and behavior of laboratories that also provides a basis for rationalizing federal science and technology policy to create more effective laboratories.

The book draws upon interviews and surveys collected from thousands of scientists, administrators, and policy makers, and features boxed "lab windows" throughout that provide detailed information on the variety of laboratories active in the U.S. national innovation system.

Limited by Design addresses a range of questions in order to enable policy makers, university administrators, and scientists to plan effectively for the future of research and development.

Columbia University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Nathan Rosenberg
There are more than 16, 000 R&D labs in the U.S. today, including 12, 000 in private industry. Yet until this book became available, there existed no systematic examination that fully revealed the remarkable institutional diversity that supported research in this country. In this book, American R&D labs have finally found their Linnaeus.
Erich Bloch
A thorough and detailed description and analysis of an important part of the national innovation system, namely, the U.S. R&D laboratories. What´s more: a new way of looking at these diverse institutions at a time when U.S. competitiveness is important.
Claude Barfield
Prodigiously researched. . . . This volume will become a standard reference point for future policy debates over the U.S. laboratory system and its place in the national innovation system.
Booknews
Scholars of policy consider the more than 16,000 research and development laboratories operating in the US as a single system with interacting elements. They discuss the role they play in innovation, histories, missions, structure, behavior, and the government policies that have affected them. They conclude that the lack of an understanding of the industry as a whole has led to policy blunders and a failure to exploit its full potential. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780231109826
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • Publication date: 10/1/1998
  • Pages: 350
  • Lexile: 1420L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 0.94 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael Crow is vice provost of Columbia University and professor of science and technology policy. Barry Bozeman is director of the School of Public Policy and professor of public policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology.

Columbia University Press

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Table of Contents

1. The Sixteen Thousand: Policy Analysis, Institutional Design, and the National Innovation System2. The Evolution of the National innovation System3, A Snapshot of U.S. R&D Laboratories in the National innovation System: Structure Output and Design4. Re-Thinking the U.S. National Innovation system: The Environtmental Context Taxonomy5. Policy Implications of Laboratories' Environmental Context6. Federal Laboratories in the National Innovation System7. Technology Transfer and Commercial Impacts of Federal Laboratories8. Strategic Policy-Making for the National Innovation SystemAppendix I: the National comparative R&D Laboratory Project OverviewAppendix II: NCRDP Bibliography and Abstracts

Columbia University Press

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