The Limits and Lies of Human Genetic Research: Dangers for Social Policy

The Limits and Lies of Human Genetic Research: Dangers for Social Policy

by Jonathan Michael Kaplan
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0415926386

ISBN-13: 9780415926386

Pub. Date: 06/28/2000

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

In The Limits and Lies of Human Genetic Research, Jonathan Kaplan weighs in on the controversial subject of the roles genes play in determining aspects of physical and behavioral human variation. Limits and Lies makes the case that neither the information we have on genes, nor on the environment, is sufficient to explain the complex variations among

Overview

In The Limits and Lies of Human Genetic Research, Jonathan Kaplan weighs in on the controversial subject of the roles genes play in determining aspects of physical and behavioral human variation. Limits and Lies makes the case that neither the information we have on genes, nor on the environment, is sufficient to explain the complex variations among humans.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415926386
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
06/28/2000
Series:
Reflective Bioethics Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Boxesviii
Acknowledgmentsix
Chapter 1Explaining Differences1
Differences That Make a Difference1
The Ascension of the Genetic3
The Six Arenas6
A Few General Observations8
Chapter 2Varieties of Determinism9
Determinism and Determinisms9
Against Genetic Determinism?10
PKU: The Traditional Accounts and the History: Determinism through the Back Door13
Chapter 3Genes and Causation22
Techniques for Explaining Differences22
Heritability: What It Is, What It (Doesn't) Mean, and Why It Won't Just Go Away23
"Finding Genes": Linkage and Molecular Genetics44
"Evolutionary Reasoning" and the Evolution of (Phenotypic) Variation52
Conclusion: Explaining Variation in Complex Human Traits56
Chapter 4IQ and Social Policy58
The Old and the New58
Rats in a Maze: Learning Ability and Environmental Variation60
Race and IQ63
"Forget about Race": SES, IQ, and Molecular Studies82
Conclusion: Policy, Race and IQ, Genes, and Heritability86
Chapter 5Criminality and Violence: the Brain and the Gene89
Crimes and Individuals89
Genes and Violence: Heritability and Evolutionary Stories91
Finding Causes: The Dream of Prevention through Recognition94
The Individual as Criminal and Biology as Crime96
Biology and Society: Violence and Social Action98
Genetic Import102
Chapter 6Gay Genes and the Reification of Homosexuality104
Why Study Sexual Orientation?104
The Heritability and Genetics of Homosexuality107
The Contingency of Sexuality110
Constructions and Scripting115
Biology and Scripts120
Chapter 7On the Medicalization of Mood-Affective Disorders: Antidepressants and the Heritability of Depression and Temperament122
Locating Depression122
The Heritability and Heterogeneity of Affective Disorders124
Affective Disorders and Temperament125
On Treating Temperament127
Depression as Disease: Treatment, Pharmacology, Genetics, and Temperament128
Biochemistry, Genetics, and the Environment132
Chapter 8Born to be Fat? Culture and the Meaning of Weight135
Health and the Ideal Weight135
Defining Obesity138
Genetics and the Etiology of Obesity140
The Social Construction of Ideal Weight143
The Medicalization of Preference147
Chapter 9Contract Pregnancies and Genetic Parenthood151
Parents, Genes, and the Law151
Legal Parenthood, Contract Pregnancies, and the Genetic Connection152
The Centrality of the Gene in Pregnancy161
The Centrality of the Gene to Parenthood Problematized163
Observations and Conclusions: Against Easy Answers168
Chapter 10The Concept of the Environment170
The Environment and the Status Quo170
Environment, Organism, and the Modern Synthesis171
Behavioral Genetics and the Conservative Environment173
Why This Environment?176
Organisms as Active, Environments as Unstable179
Closing the Circles183
Embracing Complexity184
Notes187
References206
Legal Cases Cited217
Works without Bylines218
Index219

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