Limnoecology: The Ecology of Lakes and Streams / Edition 2

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Overview

This concise, readable introduction to limnology (the science of investigating the structure and function of inland waters), places the subject in the context of modern ecology. Unlike most ecological textbooks, which use examples taken almost exclusively from terrestrial systems, this book integrates the fields of limnology and ecology by presenting empirical data drawn entirely from freshwater ecosystems in order to advance ecological theories (limnoecology).
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199213931
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 9/7/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 336
  • Product dimensions: 9.60 (w) x 7.40 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Winfried Lampert is Director Emeritus at Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Ploen, Germany, and is a Honorary Professor at the University of Kiel. He received the Naumann-Thienemann medal of the International Society of Limnology in 1995. Before his appointment to the Max Planck Society he worked at the universities at Freiburg, Constance and Frankfurt were he developed his experimental, evolutionary approach to plankton ecology. Ulrich Sommer is Full Professor of Biological Oceanography, Leibniz-Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Kiel, Germany. His background is originally in limnology. He has become well known for his mechanistic, experimental approach to phytoplankton community ecology. He worked at the universities of Vienna and Constance and at the Max Planck Institute at Plön, Germany, before he moved to the universities of Oldenburg and Kiel to apply a similar approach in marine systems. Ulrich Sommer has written and edited several books on plankton.

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Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations ix

1 Ecology and evolution 1

1.1 Natural selection 1

1.2 Fitness 1

1.3 Proximate and ultimate factors 3

2 Methods of ecological research 5

2.1 Hypothesis testing 5

2.2 Observations and recording 6

2.3 Correlation of field data 7

2.4 Laboratory and field experiments 8

2.5 Mathematical models 10

2.6 Methods driving the direction of science 10

3 Special features of aquatic habitats 12

3.1 Effects of the molecular structure of water 12

3.2 Vertical gradients 19

3.3 Other vertical gradients 23

3.4 Running water 28

3.5 Predictability of environmental conditions in water 31

Review questions 32

4 The individual in its habitat 33

4.1 Individual requirements 33

4.2 Abiotic factors 36

4.3 Resources 50

4.4 Energy utilization 79

4.5 The importance of body size 85

Review questions 87

5 Populations 89

5.1 Features of populations 89

5.2 Control of population size 90

5.3 Ecological genetics 102

5.4 Demography 114

5.5 Distribution 117

5.6 Classification of life-history strategies 120

5.7 Dispersal and colonization 120

Review questions 124

6 Interactions 127

6.1 Competition for resources 127

6.2 Direct interactions of competitors 144

6.3 Predator-prey relationships 147

6.4 Grazing 152

6.5 Predation 162

6.6 Parasitism 180

6.7 Symbiosis 183

6.8 Interactions of competition and predation 183

Review questions 199

7 Communities 201

7.1 Characteristics of communities 201

7.2 "Superorganism" or "sieve" 201

7.3 Internal structure of communities 202

7.4 Species richness and diversity 219

7.5 Lake communities 222

7.6 Stream communities 225

Review questions 232

8 Ecosystem perspectives234

8.1 The ecosystem as an ecological unit 234

8.2 Flow of energy 235

8.3 Cycling of matter 238

8.4 Are streams ecosystems? 247

8.5 Comparisons of ecosystem productivity 248

8.6 Anthropogenic disturbances to ecosystems 252

8.7 Ecosystem change 262

8.8 Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functions 277

Review questions 282

9 Final remarks 284

9.1 Ecology and the biological sciences 284

9.2 Ecology and society 284

9.3 Ecology and the environment 285

References 286

Glossary 306

Index 313

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