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Two weeks after Lincoln's assassination, President Andrew Johnson appointed John Frederick Hartranft as commandant of the Washington Arsenal military prison to guard and look after the eight conspirators awaiting trial in the assassination plot. As part of the official government record, Hartranft kept a letterbook, mainly containing retained copies of his official reports on the daily tasks that his oversight involved. Renowned Lincoln scholars Steers (Blood on the Moon: The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln) and Holzer (Lincoln President-Elect) provide background information about Hartranft, the conspirators, and the legal issues surrounding the military tribunal, followed by a transcription of the letterbook itself, a primary source that offers a unique look into one of the most controversial chapters in American history. It shows that Hartranft had a keen eye for detail and a strict adherence to protocol in relaying information objectively; as the trial itself progressed, he never allowed his emotions to get in the way of doing his duty. He granted small privileges to the prisoners, such as mailing their letters to family members, and he allowed five of the convicted conspirators to have their padded hoods removed for their hanging owing to their distress in wearing them. This strong addition to Lincoln assassination studies is highly recommended for academic libraries.