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Lindisfarne Gospels / Edition 2
     

Lindisfarne Gospels / Edition 2

by Michelle P. Brown
 

ISBN-10: 0802085970

ISBN-13: 9780802085979

Pub. Date: 05/28/2003

Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division

The eighth-century Latin Gospelbook known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, with its tenth-century gloss (the earliest surviving translation of the Gospels into the English language), is one of the great landmarks of human cultural achievement. Like all such icons, or important archaeological sites, it repays revisiting. Successive generations approach them with new

Overview

The eighth-century Latin Gospelbook known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, with its tenth-century gloss (the earliest surviving translation of the Gospels into the English language), is one of the great landmarks of human cultural achievement. Like all such icons, or important archaeological sites, it repays revisiting. Successive generations approach them with new questions and new technologies, bringing to light fresh evidence or finding different ways of 'reading' what we thought we knew already. This study seeks to do just that, taking advantage of new photography and technical analysis as well as assessing previous work in the light of more recent studies and archaeological finds.

This book sets the Lindisfarne Gospels within its socio-historical context, during one of the world's formative periods of transition - from the Graeco-Roman world to that of the early Middle Ages. The melting-pot of the multi-ethnic British Isles, with its international Christian context stretching from Frisia to the near-East, is reflected in the pages of the Lindisfarne Gospels, as part of an attempt to achieve a cultural synthesis in which all peoples could find a place - a visual reflection of the international Oecumen. In Northumbria the rallying point for this new identity was the figure of St Cuthbert, his cult and the role of the church of Lindisfarne (originally a Celtic mission to the Anglo-Saxons) playing a vital role in the faith, power and politics of the region. The questions of where and when the Lindisfarne Gospels were made are addressed, but just as importantly the 'why' is explored, in the context of new research concerning the technical innovation of its maker, his spiritual motivation and the needs of the society in which he worked.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780802085979
Publisher:
University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division
Publication date:
05/28/2003
Series:
British Library Studies in Medieval Culture Series
Edition description:
BK&CD-ROM
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.91(w) x 9.67(h) x 1.52(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsviii
List of Plates and Figuresx
Colour plate sectionxvi
Introduction: Setting the scene1
1The genesis of the Lindisfarne Gospels13
Lindisfarne and its book: the historical context13
Were the Lindisfarne Gospels made at Lindisfarne?38
A scenario for production: the collaboration between Lindisfarne and Wearmouth/Jarrow53
Wearmouth/Jarrow, their approach to books and their cultural influence on the cult of St Cuthbert57
The early cult of St Cuthbert and its historical context64
Script as icon: the book as teacher, preacher and cult focus66
2The Lindisfarne Gospels: the biography of the book84
Provenance: what does the later history of the Lindisfarne Gospels reveal?84
The community of St Cuthbert: from Lindisfarne to Durham85
Aldred's gloss and colophon90
Transcription and translation of Aldred's 'colophon group'102
Tradition concerning the making of the Lindisfarne Gospels: who were Eadfrith, Aethilwald and Billfrith?104
Symeon of Durham and the Lindisfarne Gospels110
Back to Lindisfarne?114
The dissolution of the monasteries121
The later history of the manuscript123
Miscellaneous early annotations123
Later medieval and modern additions and annotations126
Exhibiting the Lindisfarne Gospels139
Facsimiles and reproductions140
3Enshrining Scripture: the text of the Lindisfarne Gospels150
Collations, transcriptions, glossaries and printed editions150
The place of the Lindisfarne Gospels in the dissemination of Scripture: the background151
Wearmouth/Jarrow and the Ceolfrith Bibles155
The subsequent Vulgate tradition161
The Lindisfarne Gospels as a witness to the Vulgate162
The Lindisfarne Gospels' textual stemma172
Prefatory matter177
The Canon Tables179
Liturgical apparatus182
Layout and its liturgical implications185
Conclusions from the liturgical evidence191
4Sacred codicology: the physical preparation, writing and binding of the Lindisfarne Gospels200
The codicology of the Lindisfarne Gospels200
The membrane and the preparation of the quires200
Collation of the Lindisfarne Gospels203
Dimensions, pricking and ruling204
Binding history205
The original binding205
The nineteenth-century treasure binding, the earlier treasure binding and the Cottonian rebinding207
Planning the layout: the technical innovation of the artist-scribe213
The Word made word: the display script of the Lindisfarne Gospels227
The Lindisfarne Gospels and the Insular tradition of display scripts230
The palaeography of the main text script244
Punctuation249
Abbreviations250
Orthography251
Numerical annotation and corrections251
The place of the Lindisfarne Gospels within the 'Insular system of scripts'253
5The art of the Lindisfarne Gospels272
The programme of decoration272
Design, painting technique and materials275
The use of decoration to articulate the text: the use of initials299
The Canon Tables, the Jerome Prefaces and the prefatory matter preceding each Gospel300
The Gospel carpet pages312
The Gospel incipit pages and the Chi-rho page331
The evangelist miniatures346
The Early Christian context and its reception in Insular manuscripts346
The place of the Lindisfarne evangelist miniatures within the Insular tradition350
The artefactual stylistic context of the Lindisfarne Gospels370
Abstract and zoomorphic ornament: the menagerie of the Lindisfarne Gospels and the vortex of Creation370
Conclusion395
Preaching with the pen in the scribal desert: the meaning and making of the Lindisfarne Gospels395
Bibliography410
Appendix 1Analysis of the pigments used in the Lindisfarne Gospels430
Index of manuscripts cited452
Index455
Appendix 2The Contents of the Lindisfarne Gospels

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