Lines in the Sand: Nationalism and Identity on the Peruvian-Chilean Frontier / Edition 1

Lines in the Sand: Nationalism and Identity on the Peruvian-Chilean Frontier / Edition 1

by William E. Skuban
     
 

ISBN-10: 082634223X

ISBN-13: 9780826342232

Pub. Date: 10/28/2007

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

Following the War of the Pacific (1879-1883), Chile and Peru signed the Treaty of Ancón (1884) that, in part, dealt with settling a territorial dispute over the provinces of Tacna and Arica along the countries' new common border. The treaty allowed Chile to administer the two provinces for a period of ten years, after which a plebiscite would allow the

Overview

Following the War of the Pacific (1879-1883), Chile and Peru signed the Treaty of Ancón (1884) that, in part, dealt with settling a territorial dispute over the provinces of Tacna and Arica along the countries' new common border. The treaty allowed Chile to administer the two provinces for a period of ten years, after which a plebiscite would allow the region's inhabitants to determine their own nationality. At the end of the prearranged decade, however, the Chilean and the Peruvian governments had failed to conduct the vote that would determine the fate of the people. Over a quarter of a century later, and after attempts by the U.S. government to mediate the dispute, the two countries in 1929 decided simply to divide the area, with Arica becoming a part of Chile and Peru reincorporating Tacna.

Against the backdrop of this contested frontier, William Skuban explores the processes of nationalism and national identity formation in the half century that followed the War of the Pacific. He first considers the national projects of Peru and Chile in the disputed territories and then moves on to how these efforts were received among the diverse social strata of the region. Skuban's study highlights the fabricated nature of national identity in what became one of the most contentious frontier situations in South American history.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780826342232
Publisher:
University of New Mexico Press
Publication date:
10/28/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
342
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents


List of Figures     VIII
Acknowledgments     IX
Introduction: Nationalism and Identity     XIII
The Question of the Pacific     1
Official Nationalism: The Chileanization of Tacna and Arica     29
The Plebiscitary Crucible     69
The Elite Public Sphere     111
Nationalism and the Popular Sectors     153
Nationalism and the "Indian Question"     179
Conclusion: The Closing of the Peruvian-Chilean Frontier     207
Epilogue     219
Notes     225
Bibliography     283
Index     305

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