Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication / Edition 5

Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication / Edition 5

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by Adrian Akmajian, Richard A. Demers, Ann K. Farmer, Robert M. Harnish
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262011859

ISBN-13: 9780262011853

Pub. Date: 09/01/2001

Publisher: MIT Press

This popular introductory linguistics text is unique in the way various themes are integrated throughout the book. One primary theme is the question, "How is a speaker's communicative intent recognized?" Rather than treat phonology, phonetics, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics as completely separate fields, the text shows how they interact in principled

Overview

This popular introductory linguistics text is unique in the way various themes are integrated throughout the book. One primary theme is the question, "How is a speaker's communicative intent recognized?" Rather than treat phonology, phonetics, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics as completely separate fields, the text shows how they interact in principled ways. Similarly, language variation and acquisition are informed by results in these fields. The text provides a sound introduction to linguistic methodology while also revealing why people are intrinsically interested in language--the ultimate puzzle of the human mind.

The fifth edition has been thoroughly revised. Revisions include, but are not limited to, the addition of "selected readings" sections, updated examples, new discussion on the creative nature of neologisms, and the use of IPA as the primary transcription system throughout. This edition also includes an account of the patterns of occurrence of reduced vowels in English. An understanding of these patterns enables the reader to write a phonemic transcription of any English word.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262011853
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
09/01/2001
Edition description:
Fifth Edition
Pages:
618
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Note to the Teacher
PART I
THE STRUCTURE OF HUMAN LANGUAGE
INTRODUCTION
1 What is Linguistics?
2 Morphology: The Study of the Structure of Words
2.1 Words: Some Background Concepts
2.2 CompleX Words and Morphemes
2.3 How Are Words Created?
2.4 Inflectional versus Derivational Morphology
2.5 Problematic Aspects of Morphological Analysis
2.6 The Meaning of CompleX Words and Meaning EXtensions
2.7 Special Topics
More on Compounds
Morphological Anaphora
Classes of Derivational AffiXes
3 Phonetics and Phonemic Transcription
3.1 Some Background Concepts
3.2 The Representation of Speech Sounds
3.3 Special Topics
Vowels before /r/
Contractions in Casual Spoken English
Stress in English Words
4 Phonology: The Study of Sound Structure
4.1 What Is Phonology?
4.2 The Internal Structure of Speech Sound: Distinctive Feature
Theory
4.3 The EXternal Organization of Speech Sounds
4.4 Special Topic
The WordLevel Tone Contour of English
5 SyntaX: The Study of Sentence Structure
5.1 Some Background Conepts
5.2 An Informal Theory of SyntaX
5.3 A More Formal Account of Syntactic Theory
5.4 Special Topics
WhQuestions
Sentence Structure and Anaphora
XBar Theory
6 Semantics: The Study of Meaning and Denotation
6.1 Semantics as a Part of Grammar
6.2 What Are Meaning and Denotation?
6.3 The Scope of a Semantic Theory
6.4 Special Topics
Mood and Meaning
Singular and General
Direct Reference: Deictics and Proper Names
Definite Descriptions: Referential and Attributive
Natural Kind Terms, Concepts, and the Linguistic Division of Labor
Anaphora, Denotation,and Reference
7 Language Variation
7.1 Language Styles and Dialects
7.2 Some Rules of the Grammar of Informal Style in English
7.3 Other Language Varieties
8 Language Change
8.1 Some Background Concepts
8.2 The Reconstruction of IndoEuropean, the Nature of Language
Change, and Language Families of the World
8.3 The Linguistic History of English
PART II
COMMUNICATION AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE
INTRODUCTION
9 Pragmatics: The Study of Language Use and Communication
9.1 Linguistic Communication: Some Background Concepts
9.2 An Inferential Approach to Communication
9.3 Discourse and Conversation
9.4 Special Topics
Performatives
Speech Acts
Meaning, Saying, and Implicating
Pragmatic Presupposition
Speaker Reference
10 Psychology of Language: Speech Production and Comprehension
10.1 Psycholinguistics: Competence, Performance, and Acquisition
10.2 Speech Production
10.3 Speech Comprehension
10.4 Special Topics
The McGurk Effect
Open and ClosedClass Items
The Psychological Reality of Empty Categories
Connectionist Models of LeXical Access and Letter Recognition
11 Language Acquisition in Children
11.1 Some Background Concepts
11.2 Is There s "Language Acquisition Device"?
11.3 Is the Human Linguistic Capacity Unique? Children and
Primates Compared
11.4 Special Topic
Principles and Parameters
12 Language and the Brain
12.1 Where Is Language Localized in the Brain?
12.2 How Does the Brain Encode and Decode Speech and Language?
12.3 Are the Components of Language Neuroanatomically Distinct?
12.4 Special Topics
PET and MRI Imaging
EventRelated Potentials
Japanese Orthography and Graphic Aphasia
AppendiX The Written Representation of Language
Glossary
IndeX

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