# Liquid Pipeline Hydraulics

Avoiding lengthy mathematical discussions, this reference specifically addresses issues affecting the day-to-day practices of those who design, operate, and purchase liquid pipelines in the oil, water, and process industries. Liquid Pipeline Hydraulics supplies an abundance of practical examples and applications for an in-depth understanding of liquid properties,

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## Overview

Avoiding lengthy mathematical discussions, this reference specifically addresses issues affecting the day-to-day practices of those who design, operate, and purchase liquid pipelines in the oil, water, and process industries. Liquid Pipeline Hydraulics supplies an abundance of practical examples and applications for an in-depth understanding of liquid properties, as well as the layout, assessment, and enhancement of effective pipeline systems.

The most valuable and reader-friendly reference available for engineers concerned with the optimization of liquid transportation through pipelines

## Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780824753177
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
06/28/2004
Series:
Mechanical Engineering Series
Pages:
296
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.25(d)

Preface
INTRODUCTION
PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS
Units of Measurement
Mass, Volume, Density, and Specific Weight
Specific Gravity and API Gravity
Viscosity
Vapor Pressure
Bulk Modulus
Fundamental Concepts of Fluid Flow
Summary
Problems
PRESSURE DROP DUE TO FRICTION
Pressure
Velocity
Reynolds Number
Flow Regimes
Friction Factor
Pressure Drop Due to Friction
Colebrook-White Equation
Hazen-Williams Equation
Shell-MIT Equation
Miller Equation
T.R. Aude Equation
Minor Losses
Internally Coated Pipes and Drag Reduction
Summary
Problems
PIPE ANALYSIS
Allowable Operating Pressure and Hydrostatic Pressure
Barlow's Equation for Internal Pressure
Line Fill Volume and Batches
Summary
Problems
PRESSURE AND HORSEPOWER REQUIRED
Total Pressure Required
Series Piping
Parallel Piping
Transporting High Vapor Pressure Liquids
Horsepower Required
Effect of Gravity and Viscosity
Injections and Deliveries
Pipe Branches
Pipe Loops
Summary
Problems
MULTI-PUMP STATION PIPELINES
Hydraulic Balance and Pump Stations Required
Telescoping Pipe Wall Thickness
Slack Line and Open Channel Flow
Batching Different Liquids
Summary
Problems
PUMP ANALYSIS
Centrifugal Pumps Versus Reciprocating Pumps
Pump Head Versus Flow Rate
Pump Efficiency Versus Flow Rate
BHP Versus Flow Rate
NPSH Versus Flow Rate
Specific Speed
Affinity Laws: Variation with Impeller Speed and Diameter
Effect of Specific Gravity and Viscosity on Pump Performance
Pump Curve Analysis
Pump Head Curve Versus System Head Curve
Multiple Pumps Versus System Head Curve
NPSH Required Versus NPSH Available
Summary
Problems
PUMP STATION DESIGN
Suction Pressure and Discharge Pressure
Control Pressure and Throttle Pressure
Variable-Speed Pumps
Summary
Problems
THERMAL HYDRAULICS
Temperature-Dependent Flow
Formulas for Thermal Hydraulics
Summary
Problems
FLOW MEASUREMENT
History
Flow Meters
Venturi Meters
Flow Nozzle
Orifice Meter
Turbine Meters
Positive Displacement Meter
Summary
Problems
UNSTEADY FLOW IN PIPELINES
Transient Flow Due to Valve Closure
Wave Speed in Pipeline
Transients in Cross-Country Pipelines
Summary
Problems
PIPELINE ECONOMICS
Economic Analysis
Capital Costs
Operating Costs
Feasibility Studies and Economic Pipe Size
Summary
Problems
APPENDIX A: TABLES AND CHARTS
APPENDIX B: ANSWERS TO SELECTED PROBLEMS
APPENDIX C: SUMMARY OF FORMULAS
REFERENCES
INDEX