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Overview

Consistently praised as the best book of its kind, Listen uses readable, enjoyable prose and the highest quality recordings to introduce students to the art of focused listening. Captivating discussions and concise "Listening Charts" guide students through important musical works and cultivate listening skills. With informative images, useful historical and cultural background, and interesting biographical information, the text continues to offer students the best preparation to appreciate the styles and traditions of Western music. The seventh edition of Listen is more accessible than ever before with new, more teachable listening examples and a more focused and streamlined introduction to music fundamentals. An expanded range of formats for the text and recordings—including a new, affordable streaming music option and a new, all-inclusive e-book—gives you more flexible choices and more ways to listen.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312673215
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 2/28/2011
  • Series: Budget Bks.
  • Edition description: Seventh Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

JOSEPH KERMAN, Professor Emeritus at the University of California at Berkeley, and GARY TOMLINSON, University of Pennsylvania, are leading musicologists and music educators. Between them, their course offerings encompass harmony and ear training, opera, world music, interdisciplinary studies, seminars in music history and criticism, andmany timesIntroduction to Music for non-major students.
 
Kerman's books include Opera as Drama (second edition, 1988), Contemplating Music (1985), The Art of the Fugue (2005), and studies of Beethoven and William Byrd. His lectures as Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry at Harvard in 1997-1998 were published as Concerto Conversations (1999).
 
Tomlinson, a former MacArthur Fellow, is the author of Monteverdi and the End of the Renaissance (1987), Music in Renaissance Magic (1993), Metaphysical Song: An Essay on Opera (1999), and The Singing of the New World (2006). He has also published on jazz and music historiography.

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Table of Contents

*New to this edition
 
Preface: To the Instructor

Introduction: To the Student
 
UNIT I  Fundamentals
 
PRELUDE A Musical Thunderstorm by Richard Wagner
LISTENING CHART 1 Wagner, Prelude to The Valkyrie
 
*CHAPTER 1 Rhythm, Meter, and Tempo
1  Rhythm
  Beat and Accent
2  Meter
  Rhythm and Meter
  Syncopation
  LISTENING EXERCISE 1  Rhythm, Meter, and Syncopation
3  Tempo
  LISTENING EXERCISE 2  Rhythm, Meter, and Tempo
 
*CHAPTER 2 Pitch, Dynamics, and Tone Color
1  Pitch
2  Dynamics

  LISTENING EXERCISE 3  Pitch and Dynamics
3  Tone Color
INTERLUDE  Musical Instruments
  Stringed Instruments
  Woodwind Instruments
  Brass Instruments
  Percussion Instruments
  The Orchestra
  *LISTENING EXERCISE 4  The Orchestra in Action
  Keyboard Instruments
  Plucked String Instruments
 
*CHAPTER 3 Scales and Melody
1  Scales

  The Octave
  The Diatonic Scale
  The Chromatic Scale
  Half Steps and Whole Steps
2 Melody
  Tunes
  BOX Characteristics of Tunes
  LISTENING EXERCISE 5  Melody and Tune
  Motives and Themes
 
*CHAPTER 4 Harmony, Texture, Tonality, and Mode
1  Harmony

  Consonance and Dissonance
2  Texture
  Monophony
  Homophony and Polyphony
  Imitation
  LISTENING EXERCISE 6  Texture
3  Tonality and Mode
  Tonality
  Major and Minor Modes
  Keys
  Hearing the Major and Minor Modes
  Hearing Keys and Modulation
  LISTENING EXERCISE 7  Mode and Key
 
CHAPTER 5 Musical Form and Musical Style
1  Form in Music

  Form and Feeling
  Form and Forms
  LISTENING EXERCISE 8  Musical Form
  Musical Genres
2  Musical Style
  Musical Style and Lifestyle
LISTENING CHART 2  Britten, The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra
 
UNIT II  Early Music: An Overview
 
CHAPTER 6 The Middle Ages
1  Music and the Church: Plainchant
  Music and Church Services: Liturgy
  BOX Music and the Virgin Mary
  Plainchant
  Characteristics of Plainchant
  Gregorian Recitation and Gregorian Melody
  ANONYMOUS, Plainchant antiphon, “In paradisum”
  HILDEGARD OF BINGEN, Plainchant sequence, “Columba aspexit”
2  Music at Court
  Troubadour and Trouvère Songs
  BERNART DE VENTADORN, Troubadour song, “La dousa votz”
  BOX How Did Early Music Sound?
  The Estampie
3  The Evolution of Polyphony
  Organum
  PÉROTIN, Organum, “Alleluia. Diffusa est gratia”
4  Later Medieval Polyphony
  *ROUND, “Sumer Is Icumen In, Lhude Sing Cuccu!”
  Ars Nova
  *GUILLAUME DE MACHAUT, Chanson, “Dame, de qui toute ma joie vient”
Global Perspectives 1  Sacred Chant
  Qur'anic recitation, “Ya Sin”
  Hawai'ian chant
  Navajo song, “K'adnikini'ya'”
 
CHAPTER 7 The Renaissance
1  New Attitudes

  Early Homophony
  Guillaume Dufay
  GUILLAUME DUFAY, Harmonized hymn, “Ave maris stella”
  The Mass
2  The High Renaissance Style
  Imitation
  Homophony
  Other Characteristics
  Josquin Desprez
  JOSQUIN DESPREZ, Pange lingua Mass
    Kyrie and fom the Gloria
3  Music as Expression
  JOSQUIN DESPREZ, Chanson, “Mille regrets”
4  Late Renaissance Music
  GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA, Pope Marcellus Mass from the Gloria
  The Motet
  The Italian Madrigal
  The English Madrigal
  THOMAS WEELKES, Madrigal, “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending”
5  Instrumental Music: Early Developments
  Renaissance Dances
  ANONYMOUS, Galliard, “Daphne”
  ANONYMOUS, “Kemp's Jig”
Global Perspectives 2  Music and Early European Colonialism
  Hymn from the Andes, “Hanaq pachap kusikuynin”
 
CHAPTER 8 The Early Baroque Period
1  From Renaissance to Baroque

  Music in Venice
  Extravagance and Control
  GIOVANNI GABRIELI, Motet, “O magnum mysterium”
2  Style Features of Early Baroque Music
  Rhythm and Meter
  Texture: Basso Continuo
  Functional Harmony
3  Opera
  Recitative
  Aria
  Claudio Monteverdi
  CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI, The Coronation of Poppea 
    from Act I, Recitative “Tornerai?” and Aria “Speranza tu mi vai”
  BOX Singing Italian
  Henry Purcell
  HENRY PURCELL, Dido and Aeneas
    Act III, final scene, Recitative “Thy Hand, Belinda!” Aria “When I am laid,” and Chorus “With drooping wings”
4  The Rise of Instrumental Music
  Girolamo Frescobaldi
  GIROLAMO FRESCOBALDI, Suite (Canzone, Balletto, Corrente, and   Passacaglia)
Global Perspectives 3  Ostinato Forms
  Gambian song, “Laminba”
  Pygmy polyphony, Elephant-hunt song
 
UNIT III  The Eighteenth Century
 
CHAPTER 9 Prelude: The Late Baroque Period
1  Absolutism and the Age of Science

  Art and Absolutism
  The Music of Absolutism
  Art and Theatricality
  Science and the Arts
  Science and Music
2  Musical Life in the Early Eighteenth Century
3  Style Features of Late Baroque Music

  Rhythm
  Dynamics
  Tone Color
  The Baroque Orchestra
  Melody
  Ornamentation
  Texture
  The Continuo
  Musical Form
4  The Emotional World of Baroque Music
 
CHAPTER 10 Baroque Instrumental Music
1  Concerto and Concerto Grosso

  Movements
  Ritornello Form
  ANTONIO VIVALDI, Violin Concerto in G, La stravaganza, Op. 4, No. 12
LISTENING CHART 3 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in G, first movement 
  Biography: Antonio Vivaldi
  Baroque Variation Form: The Ground Bass
  ANTONIO VIVALDI, Violin Concerto in G, La stravaganza, second movement
LISTENING CHART 4 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in G, second movement
  JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, for Flute, Violin, Harpsichord, and Orchestra
LISTENING CHART 5 Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, first movement
  Biography: Johann Sebastian Bach
2  Fugue
  Fugal Exposition
  *JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue in C Major
*LISTENING CHART 6 Bach, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue in C Major
  *BOX Glenn Gould
*3  Baroque Dances
  The Dance Suite
  Baroque Dance Form
  *Biography: Jean-Philippe Rameau
  *JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU, Menuet and Tambourin from Castor et Pollux, Prologue
  *GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Minuet from The Royal Fireworks Music
  *JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Gigue from Cello Suite No. 2 in D Minor
 
CHAPTER 11 Baroque Vocal Music
  Words and Music
1  Opera
  Italian Opera Seria
  Recitative
  Aria
  BOX  The Castrato
  GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare in Egitto)
    Aria “La giustizia”
2  Oratorio
  Biography: George Frideric Handel
  GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Messiah
    Recitative, “There were shepherds,” Chorus “Glory to God,” and Hallelujah Chorus
  BOX Women in Music
3  The Church Cantata
  The Lutheran Chorale
  JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Cantata No. 4, “Christ lag in Todesbanden” (“Christ Lay in Death's Dark Prison”)
4  The Organ Chorale
 
CHAPTER 12 Prelude: Music and the Enlightenment
1  The Enlightenment and Music
  “The Pursuit of Happiness”
  Art and Entertainment
  Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Opera
  The Novel
2  The Rise of Concerts
3  Style Features of Classical Music

  Rhythm
  Dynamics
  Tone Color: The Classical Orchestra
  Melody: Tunes
  Texture: Homophony
  Classical Counterpoint
4  Form in Classical Music
Repetitions and Cadences
Classical Forms
 
CHAPTER 13 The Symphony
1  The Movements of the Symphony
2  Sonata Form
  Exposition (A)
  Development (B)
  Recapitulation (A')
WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550
LISTENING CHART 7 Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, first movement
  Biography: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
3  Classical Variation Form
  FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, first and second movements
LISTENING CHART 8 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, second movement (Andante cantabile)
4  Minuet Form (Classical Dance Form)
  Biography: Franz Joseph Haydn
  Baroque and Classical Dance Form
  FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, third movement (Menuetto)
LISTENING CHART 9 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, third movement (Menuetto)
5  Rondo Form
  FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, fourth movement (Finale. Vivace)
LISTENING CHART 10 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, fourth movement (Finale. Vivace)
 
CHAPTER 14 Other Classical Genres
1  The Sonata

  FRANCESCA LEBRUN, Sonata in F, Op. 1, No. 3, second movement
2  The Classical Concerto
  Double-Exposition Form
  WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K. 488
LISTENING CHART 11 Mozart, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K. 488, first movement
3  The String Quartet
  Chamber Music
4  Opera Buffa
  The Ensemble
  WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Don Giovanni
    From Act I, scene iii, Aria “Ho capito,” Recitative “Alfin siam liberati,” and Duet “Là ci darem la mano”
Global Perspectives 4  Musical Form: Two Case Studies from Asia
  Japanese gagaku, Etenraku
  Balinese gamelan, Bopong
 
UNIT IV  The Nineteenth Century
 
CHAPTER 15 Beethoven
1  Between Classicism and Romanticism

  The French Revolution
2  Beethoven and the Symphony
  Biography: Ludwig van Beethoven
  LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67
LISTENING CHART 12 Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, first movement
LISTENING CHART 13 Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, complete work
3  Beethoven's “Third Period”
  LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, String Quartet in F, Op. 135, second movement (Vivace)
 
CHAPTER 16 Prelude: Music after Beethoven: Romanticism
1  Romanticism

  The Cult of Individual Feeling
  Romanticism and Revolt
  Artistic Barriers
  Music and the Supernatural 
  Music and the Other Arts
2  Concert Life in the Nineteenth Century
  The Artist and the Public
3  Style Features of Romantic Music
  Rhythm: Rubato
  Romantic Melody
  Romantic Harmony
  The Expansion of Tone Color
4  Program Music
5  Form in Romantic Music
  Miniature Compositions
  Grandiose Compositions
  The Principle of Thematic Unity
 
CHAPTER 17 The Early Romantics
1  The Lied
  FRANZ SCHUBERT, “Erlkönig” (“The Erlking”)
  Biography: Franz Schubert
  The Song Cycle
  ROBERT SCHUMANN, Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love)
    “Im wunderschönen Monat Mai” and “Die alten, bösen Lieder”
  Biography: Robert Schumann
  Biography: Clara Wieck (Clara Schumann)
  CLARA SCHUMANN, “Der Mond kommt still gegangen” (“The moon has risen softly”)
2  The Character Piece for Piano
  FRANZ SCHUBERT, Moment Musical No. 2 in A-flat
  ROBERT SCHUMANN, Carnaval
    “Eusebius,” “Florestan,” and “Chiarina”
  FREDERIC CHOPIN, Nocturne in F-Sharp, Op. 15, No. 2
  Biography: Frédéric Chopin
  Biography: Franz Liszt
3  Early Romantic Program Music
  The Concert Overture: Felix Mendelssohn
  Biography: Felix Mendelssohn
  Biography: Fanny Mendelssohn
  The Program Symphony: Hector Berlioz
  HECTOR BERLIOZ, Fantastic Symphony: Episodes in the Life of an Artist
  Biography: Hector Berlioz
LISTENING CHART 14 Berlioz, Fantastic Symphony, fifth movement
 
CHAPTER 18 Romantic Opera
  BOX Early Romantic Opera
1  Verdi and Italian Opera
  Biography: Giuseppe Verdi
  Recitative and Aria: The Orchestra
  *GIUSEPPE VERDI, Rigoletto
    From Act III, scene i, Aria “La donna è mobile” and Quartet “Bella figlia dell'amore” (Allegro)
2  Wagner and Music Drama
  Biography: Richard Wagner
  The Total Work of Art
  BOX Wagner's Tristan and Isolde
  Leitmotivs
  RICHARD WAGNER, The Nibelung's Ring
    The Valkyrie, Act I, scene i
*3  Late Romantic Opera
  *Giacomo Puccini
  *GIACOMO PUCCINI, Madame Butterfly
    From Act II, Aria “Un bel dì”
 
CHAPTER 19 The Late Romantics
  Romanticism and Realism
1  Late Romantic Program Music
  PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY, Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet
  Biography: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
LISTENING CHART 15 Tchaikovsky, Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet
2  Nationalism
  Exoticism
  The Russian Kuchka
  MODEST MUSORGSKY, Pictures at an Exhibition
  Biography: Modest Musorgsky
  BOX Other Nationalists
3  Responses to Romanticism
  The Renewal of Classicism: Brahms
  Biography: Johannes Brahms
  JOHANNES BRAHMS, Violin Concerto in D, Op. 77
LISTENING CHART 16 Brahms, Violin Concerto, third movement
  Romantic Nostalgia: Mahler
  Biography: Gustav Mahler
  GUSTAV MAHLER, Symphony No. 1
LISTENING CHART 17 Mahler, Symphony No. 1, third movement, Funeral March
Global Perspectives 5  Musical Drama Worldwide
  Japanese Kabuki, Dojoji
  Beijing opera, The Prince Who Changed into a Cat
 
UNIT V  The Twentieth Century and Beyond
 
CHAPTER 20 Prelude: Music and Modernism
1  Progress and Uncertainty
2  The Response of Modernism
3  Literature and Art before World War I
  Impressionists and Symbolists
  Expressionists and Fauves
4  Modernist Music before World War I
  Experiment and Transformation: Melody
  New Horizons, New Scales
  “The Emancipation of Dissonance”
 
CHAPTER 21 The Twentieth Century: Early Modernism
1  Debussy and Impressionism
  CLAUDE DEBUSSY, Three Nocturnes
LISTENING CHART 18 Debussy, Clouds
  Biography: Claude Debussy
2  Stravinsky: The Primacy of Rhythm
  IGOR STRAVINSKY, The Rite of Spring: Part I, “The Adoration of the Earth”
LISTENING CHART 19 Stravinsky, The Rite of Spring, from Part I
 Biography: Igor Stravinsky
3  Expressionism
  ARNOLD SCHOENBERG, Pierrot lunaire
    No. 8: “Night” and No. 18: “The Moonfleck”
  Biography: Arnold Schoenberg
  ALBAN BERG, Wozzeck
    Act III, scenes iii and iv
  BOX Schoenberg and Serialism
4  Modernism in America: Ives
  Biography: Charles Ives
  CHARLES IVES, Second Orchestral Set, second movement: “The Rockstrewn Hills Join in the People's Outdoor Meeting”
LISTENING CHART 20 Ives, “The Rockstrewn Hills”
  CHARLES IVES, The Unanswered Question
 
CHATPER 22 Alternatives to Modernism
  Twentieth-Century Traditionalism
1  Maurice Ravel
  Biography: Maurice Ravel
  MAURICE RAVEL, Piano Concerto in G
LISTENING CHART 21 Ravel, Piano Concerto in G, first movement
2  Béla Bartók
  Biography: Béla Bartók
  BÉLA BARTÓK, Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta
LISTENING CHART 22 Bartók, Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta, second movement (Allegro)
3  Aaron Copland
  Music for Americans
  AARON COPLAND, Appalachian Spring (excerpts)
  Biography: Aaron Copland
4  The Rise of Film Music
  Composers for Film: Prokofiev
  BOX Music and Totalitarianism
  SERGEI PROKOFIEV, Alexander Nevsky
LISTENING CHART 23 Prokofiev, Alexander Nevsky Cantata, 5, “The Battle on Ice”
   Biography: Sergei Prokofiev
 
CHAPTER 23 The Late Twentieth Century
1  Modernism in Music: The Second Phase

  New Sound Materials
  Electronic Music
  On the Boundaries of Time
  ANTON WEBERN, Five Orchestral Pieces, IV
  Chance Music
2  The Postwar Avant-Garde
  György Ligeti
  GYÖRGY LIGETI, Lux aeterna
LISTENING CHART 24 Ligeti, Lux aeterna
  Edgard Varèse
  BOX Modernist Music and Architecture
  EDGARD VARÈSE, Poème électronique
  John Cage
  JOHN CAGE, 4'33”
3  Music at the End of the Millennium
  Minimalism
  STEVE REICH, Music for 18 Musicians
LISTENING CHART 25 Reich, Music for 18 Musicians, beginning
  A New Expressionism
  KAIJA SAARIAHO, From the Grammar of Dreams
  Back to the Future
  JOHN ADAMS, El Niño
    “Pues mi Dios ha nacido a penar,” “When Herod heard,” and “Woe unto Them That Call Evil Good”
 
CHAPTER 24 Music in America: Jazz and Beyond
1  Early American Music: An Overview

  The Cultivated Tradition
  Music in the Vernacular
  African American Music
2  Jazz: The First Fifty Years
  The Blues
  SIPPIE WALLACE, “If You Ever Been Down” Blues (Composed by G. W. Thomas)
  BOX Ragtime: Scott Joplin
  New Orleans Jazz
  Biography: Louis Armstrong
  Big Band Jazz: Swing
  DUKE ELLINGTON, “Conga Brava”
  Biography: Duke Ellington
  *Popular Song
3  Later Jazz
  Bebop
  CHARLIE PARKER and MILES DAVIS, “Out of Nowhere”
  Jazz after Bebop
  MILES DAVIS, Bitches Brew
Global Perspectives 6  African Drumming
  Yoruba drumming, “Ako”
4  Jazz in the Concert Hall
  GEORGE GERSHWIN, Prelude No. 1
  BOX The American Musical
  LEONARD BERNSTEIN, West Side Story
  Dance at the Gym: Meeting Scene and “Cool”
  BOX The Later Musical
5  Rock
  Early Rock 'n' Roll
  The 1960s: Rock Comes of Age
  Motown, Soul, and Funk
  The British Invasion
  American Counteroffensives
  After the 1960s
  Trends 1980-2000: Punk, Rap, and Post-Rock
Global Perspectives 7 Global Music
  South African choral song, “Anoku Gonda”
6  Conclusion
 
Appendix A Timelines
*Appendix B Musical Notation
 
Glossary of Musical Terms
Index

*New to this edition
 
Preface: To the Instructor

Introduction: To the Student
 
UNIT I  Fundamentals
 
PRELUDE A Musical Thunderstorm by Richard Wagner
LISTENING CHART 1 Wagner, Prelude to The Valkyrie
 
*CHAPTER 1 Rhythm, Meter, and Tempo
1  Rhythm
  Beat and Accent
2  Meter
  Rhythm and Meter
  Syncopation
  LISTENING EXERCISE 1  Rhythm, Meter, and Syncopation
3  Tempo
  LISTENING EXERCISE 2  Rhythm, Meter, and Tempo
 
*CHAPTER 2 Pitch, Dynamics, and Tone Color
1  Pitch
2  Dynamics

  LISTENING EXERCISE 3  Pitch and Dynamics
3  Tone Color
INTERLUDE  Musical Instruments
  Stringed Instruments
  Woodwind Instruments
  Brass Instruments
  Percussion Instruments
  The Orchestra
  *LISTENING EXERCISE 4  The Orchestra in Action
  Keyboard Instruments
  Plucked String Instruments
 
*CHAPTER 3 Scales and Melody
1  Scales

  The Octave
  The Diatonic Scale
  The Chromatic Scale
  Half Steps and Whole Steps
2 Melody
  Tunes
  BOX Characteristics of Tunes
  LISTENING EXERCISE 5  Melody and Tune
  Motives and Themes
 
*CHAPTER 4 Harmony, Texture, Tonality, and Mode
1  Harmony

  Consonance and Dissonance
2  Texture
  Monophony
  Homophony and Polyphony
  Imitation
  LISTENING EXERCISE 6  Texture
3  Tonality and Mode
  Tonality
  Major and Minor Modes
  Keys
  Hearing the Major and Minor Modes
  Hearing Keys and Modulation
  LISTENING EXERCISE 7  Mode and Key
 
CHAPTER 5 Musical Form and Musical Style
1  Form in Music

  Form and Feeling
  Form and Forms
  LISTENING EXERCISE 8  Musical Form
  Musical Genres
2  Musical Style
  Musical Style and Lifestyle
LISTENING CHART 2  Britten, The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra
 
UNIT II  Early Music: An Overview
 
CHAPTER 6 The Middle Ages
1  Music and the Church: Plainchant
  Music and Church Services: Liturgy
  BOX Music and the Virgin Mary
  Plainchant
  Characteristics of Plainchant
  Gregorian Recitation and Gregorian Melody
  ANONYMOUS, Plainchant antiphon, “In paradisum”
  HILDEGARD OF BINGEN, Plainchant sequence, “Columba aspexit”
2  Music at Court
  Troubadour and Trouvère Songs
  BERNART DE VENTADORN, Troubadour song, “La dousa votz”
  BOX How Did Early Music Sound?
  The Estampie
3  The Evolution of Polyphony
  Organum
  PÉROTIN, Organum, “Alleluia. Diffusa est gratia”
4  Later Medieval Polyphony
  *ROUND, “Sumer Is Icumen In, Lhude Sing Cuccu!”
  Ars Nova
  *GUILLAUME DE MACHAUT, Chanson, “Dame, de qui toute ma joie vient”
Global Perspectives 1  Sacred Chant
  Qur'anic recitation, “Ya Sin”
  Hawai'ian chant
  Navajo song, “K'adnikini'ya'”
 
CHAPTER 7 The Renaissance
1  New Attitudes

  Early Homophony
  Guillaume Dufay
  GUILLAUME DUFAY, Harmonized hymn, “Ave maris stella”
  The Mass
2  The High Renaissance Style
  Imitation
  Homophony
  Other Characteristics
  Josquin Desprez
  JOSQUIN DESPREZ, Pange lingua Mass
    Kyrie and fom the Gloria
3  Music as Expression
  JOSQUIN DESPREZ, Chanson, “Mille regrets”
4  Late Renaissance Music
  GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA, Pope Marcellus Mass from the Gloria
  The Motet
  The Italian Madrigal
  The English Madrigal
  THOMAS WEELKES, Madrigal, “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending”
5  Instrumental Music: Early Developments
  Renaissance Dances
  ANONYMOUS, Galliard, “Daphne”
  ANONYMOUS, “Kemp's Jig”
Global Perspectives 2  Music and Early European Colonialism
  Hymn from the Andes, “Hanaq pachap kusikuynin”
 
CHAPTER 8 The Early Baroque Period
1  From Renaissance to Baroque

  Music in Venice
  Extravagance and Control
  GIOVANNI GABRIELI, Motet, “O magnum mysterium”
2  Style Features of Early Baroque Music
  Rhythm and Meter
  Texture: Basso Continuo
  Functional Harmony
3  Opera
  Recitative
  Aria
  Claudio Monteverdi
  CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI, The Coronation of Poppea 
    from Act I, Recitative “Tornerai?” and Aria “Speranza tu mi vai”
  BOX Singing Italian
  Henry Purcell
  HENRY PURCELL, Dido and Aeneas
    Act III, final scene, Recitative “Thy Hand, Belinda!” Aria “When I am laid,” and Chorus “With drooping wings”
4  The Rise of Instrumental Music
  Girolamo Frescobaldi
  GIROLAMO FRESCOBALDI, Suite (Canzone, Balletto, Corrente, and   Passacaglia)
Global Perspectives 3  Ostinato Forms
  Gambian song, “Laminba”
  Pygmy polyphony, Elephant-hunt song
 
UNIT III  The Eighteenth Century
 
CHAPTER 9 Prelude: The Late Baroque Period
1  Absolutism and the Age of Science

  Art and Absolutism
  The Music of Absolutism
  Art and Theatricality
  Science and the Arts
  Science and Music
2  Musical Life in the Early Eighteenth Century
3  Style Features of Late Baroque Music

  Rhythm
  Dynamics
  Tone Color
  The Baroque Orchestra
  Melody
  Ornamentation
  Texture
  The Continuo
  Musical Form
4  The Emotional World of Baroque Music
 
CHAPTER 10 Baroque Instrumental Music
1  Concerto and Concerto Grosso

  Movements
  Ritornello Form
  ANTONIO VIVALDI, Violin Concerto in G, La stravaganza, Op. 4, No. 12
LISTENING CHART 3 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in G, first movement 
  Biography: Antonio Vivaldi
  Baroque Variation Form: The Ground Bass
  ANTONIO VIVALDI, Violin Concerto in G, La stravaganza, second movement
LISTENING CHART 4 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in G, second movement
  JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, for Flute, Violin, Harpsichord, and Orchestra
LISTENING CHART 5 Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, first movement
  Biography: Johann Sebastian Bach
2  Fugue
  Fugal Exposition
  *JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue in C Major
*LISTENING CHART 6 Bach, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue in C Major
  *BOX Glenn Gould
*3  Baroque Dances
  The Dance Suite
  Baroque Dance Form
  *Biography: Jean-Philippe Rameau
  *JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU, Menuet and Tambourin from Castor et Pollux, Prologue
  *GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Minuet from The Royal Fireworks Music
  *JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Gigue from Cello Suite No. 2 in D Minor
 
CHAPTER 11 Baroque Vocal Music
  Words and Music
1  Opera
  Italian Opera Seria
  Recitative
  Aria
  BOX  The Castrato
  GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare in Egitto)
    Aria “La giustizia”
2  Oratorio
  Biography: George Frideric Handel
  GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Messiah
    Recitative, “There were shepherds,” Chorus “Glory to God,” and Hallelujah Chorus
  BOX Women in Music
3  The Church Cantata
  The Lutheran Chorale
  JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Cantata No. 4, “Christ lag in Todesbanden” (“Christ Lay in Death's Dark Prison”)
4  The Organ Chorale
 
CHAPTER 12 Prelude: Music and the Enlightenment
1  The Enlightenment and Music
  “The Pursuit of Happiness”
  Art and Entertainment
  Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Opera
  The Novel
2  The Rise of Concerts
3  Style Features of Classical Music

  Rhythm
  Dynamics
  Tone Color: The Classical Orchestra
  Melody: Tunes
  Texture: Homophony
  Classical Counterpoint
4  Form in Classical Music
Repetitions and Cadences
Classical Forms
 
CHAPTER 13 The Symphony
1  The Movements of the Symphony
2  Sonata Form
  Exposition (A)
  Development (B)
  Recapitulation (A')
WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550
LISTENING CHART 7 Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, first movement
  Biography: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
3  Classical Variation Form
  FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, first and second movements
LISTENING CHART 8 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, second movement (Andante cantabile)
4  Minuet Form (Classical Dance Form)
  Biography: Franz Joseph Haydn
  Baroque and Classical Dance Form
  FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, third movement (Menuetto)
LISTENING CHART 9 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, third movement (Menuetto)
5  Rondo Form
  FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, fourth movement (Finale. Vivace)
LISTENING CHART 10 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, fourth movement (Finale. Vivace)
 
CHAPTER 14 Other Classical Genres
1  The Sonata

  FRANCESCA LEBRUN, Sonata in F, Op. 1, No. 3, second movement
2  The Classical Concerto
  Double-Exposition Form
  WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K. 488
LISTENING CHART 11 Mozart, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K. 488, first movement
3  The String Quartet
  Chamber Music
4  Opera Buffa
  The Ensemble
  WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Don Giovanni
    From Act I, scene iii, Aria “Ho capito,” Recitative “Alfin siam liberati,” and Duet “Là ci darem la mano”
Global Perspectives 4  Musical Form: Two Case Studies from Asia
  Japanese gagaku, Etenraku
  Balinese gamelan, Bopong
 
UNIT IV  The Nineteenth Century
 
CHAPTER 15 Beethoven
1  Between Classicism and Romanticism

  The French Revolution
2  Beethoven and the Symphony
  Biography: Ludwig van Beethoven
  LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67
LISTENING CHART 12 Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, first movement
LISTENING CHART 13 Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, complete work
3  Beethoven's “Third Period”
  LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, String Quartet in F, Op. 135, second movement (Vivace)
 
CHAPTER 16 Prelude: Music after Beethoven: Romanticism
1  Romanticism

  The Cult of Individual Feeling
  Romanticism and Revolt
  Artistic Barriers
  Music and the Supernatural 
  Music and the Other Arts
2  Concert Life in the Nineteenth Century
  The Artist and the Public
3  Style Features of Romantic Music
  Rhythm: Rubato
  Romantic Melody
  Romantic Harmony
  The Expansion of Tone Color
4  Program Music
5  Form in Romantic Music
  Miniature Compositions
  Grandiose Compositions
  The Principle of Thematic Unity
 
CHAPTER 17 The Early Romantics
1  The Lied
  FRANZ SCHUBERT, “Erlkönig” (“The Erlking”)
  Biography: Franz Schubert
  The Song Cycle
  ROBERT SCHUMANN, Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love)
    “Im wunderschönen Monat Mai” and “Die alten, bösen Lieder”
  Biography: Robert Schumann
  Biography: Clara Wieck (Clara Schumann)
  CLARA SCHUMANN, “Der Mond kommt still gegangen” (“The moon has risen softly”)
2  The Character Piece for Piano
  FRANZ SCHUBERT, Moment Musical No. 2 in A-flat
  ROBERT SCHUMANN, Carnaval
    “Eusebius,” “Florestan,” and “Chiarina”
  FREDERIC CHOPIN, Nocturne in F-Sharp, Op. 15, No. 2
  Biography: Frédéric Chopin
  Biography: Franz Liszt
3  Early Romantic Program Music
  The Concert Overture: Felix Mendelssohn
  Biography: Felix Mendelssohn
  Biography: Fanny Mendelssohn
  The Program Symphony: Hector Berlioz
  HECTOR BERLIOZ, Fantastic Symphony: Episodes in the Life of an Artist
  Biography: Hector Berlioz
LISTENING CHART 14 Berlioz, Fantastic Symphony, fifth movement
 
CHAPTER 18 Romantic Opera
  BOX Early Romantic Opera
1  Verdi and Italian Opera
  Biography: Giuseppe Verdi
  Recitative and Aria: The Orchestra
  *GIUSEPPE VERDI, Rigoletto
    From Act III, scene i, Aria “La donna è mobile” and Quartet “Bella figlia dell'amore” (Allegro)
2  Wagner and Music Drama
  Biography: Richard Wagner
  The Total Work of Art
  BOX Wagner's Tristan and Isolde
  Leitmotivs
  RICHARD WAGNER, The Nibelung's Ring
    The Valkyrie, Act I, scene i
*3  Late Romantic Opera
  *Giacomo Puccini
  *GIACOMO PUCCINI, Madame Butterfly
    From Act II, Aria “Un bel dì”
 
CHAPTER 19 The Late Romantics
  Romanticism and Realism
1  Late Romantic Program Music
  PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY, Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet
  Biography: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
LISTENING CHART 15 Tchaikovsky, Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet
2  Nationalism
  Exoticism
  The Russian Kuchka
  MODEST MUSORGSKY, Pictures at an Exhibition
  Biography: Modest Musorgsky
  BOX Other Nationalists
3  Responses to Romanticism
  The Renewal of Classicism: Brahms
  Biography: Johannes Brahms
  JOHANNES BRAHMS, Violin Concerto in D, Op. 77
LISTENING CHART 16 Brahms, Violin Concerto, third movement
  Romantic Nostalgia: Mahler
  Biography: Gustav Mahler
  GUSTAV MAHLER, Symphony No. 1
LISTENING CHART 17 Mahler, Symphony No. 1, third movement, Funeral March
Global Perspectives 5  Musical Drama Worldwide
  Japanese Kabuki, Dojoji
  Beijing opera, The Prince Who Changed into a Cat
 
UNIT V  The Twentieth Century and Beyond
 
CHAPTER 20 Prelude: Music and Modernism
1  Progress and Uncertainty
2  The Response of Modernism
3  Literature and Art before World War I
  Impressionists and Symbolists
  Expressionists and Fauves
4  Modernist Music before World War I
  Experiment and Transformation: Melody
  New Horizons, New Scales
  “The Emancipation of Dissonance”
 
CHAPTER 21 The Twentieth Century: Early Modernism
1  Debussy and Impressionism
  CLAUDE DEBUSSY, Three Nocturnes
LISTENING CHART 18 Debussy, Clouds
  Biography: Claude Debussy
2  Stravinsky: The Primacy of Rhythm
  IGOR STRAVINSKY, The Rite of Spring: Part I, “The Adoration of the Earth”
LISTENING CHART 19 Stravinsky, The Rite of Spring, from Part I
 Biography: Igor Stravinsky
3  Expressionism
  ARNOLD SCHOENBERG, Pierrot lunaire
    No. 8: “Night” and No. 18: “The Moonfleck”
  Biography: Arnold Schoenberg
  ALBAN BERG, Wozzeck
    Act III, scenes iii and iv
  BOX Schoenberg and Serialism
4  Modernism in America: Ives
  Biography: Charles Ives
  CHARLES IVES, Second Orchestral Set, second movement: “The Rockstrewn Hills Join in the People's Outdoor Meeting”
LISTENING CHART 20 Ives, “The Rockstrewn Hills”
  CHARLES IVES, The Unanswered Question
 
CHATPER 22 Alternatives to Modernism
  Twentieth-Century Traditionalism
1  Maurice Ravel
  Biography: Maurice Ravel
  MAURICE RAVEL, Piano Concerto in G
LISTENING CHART 21 Ravel, Piano Concerto in G, first movement
2  Béla Bartók
  Biography: Béla Bartók
  BÉLA BARTÓK, Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta
LISTENING CHART 22 Bartók, Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta, second movement (Allegro)
3  Aaron Copland
  Music for Americans
  AARON COPLAND, Appalachian Spring (excerpts)
  Biography: Aaron Copland
4  The Rise of Film Music
  Composers for Film: Prokofiev
  BOX Music and Totalitarianism
  SERGEI PROKOFIEV, Alexander Nevsky
LISTENING CHART 23 Prokofiev, Alexander Nevsky Cantata, 5, “The Battle on Ice”
   Biography: Sergei Prokofiev
 
CHAPTER 23 The Late Twentieth Century
1  Modernism in Music: The Second Phase

  New Sound Materials
  Electronic Music
  On the Boundaries of Time
  ANTON WEBERN, Five Orchestral Pieces, IV
  Chance Music
2  The Postwar Avant-Garde
  György Ligeti
  GYÖRGY LIGETI, Lux aeterna
LISTENING CHART 24 Ligeti, Lux aeterna
  Edgard Varèse
  BOX Modernist Music and Architecture
  EDGARD VARÈSE, Poème électronique
  John Cage
  JOHN CAGE, 4'33”
3  Music at the End of the Millennium
  Minimalism
  STEVE REICH, Music for 18 Musicians
LISTENING CHART 25 Reich, Music for 18 Musicians, beginning
  A New Expressionism
  KAIJA SAARIAHO, From the Grammar of Dreams
  Back to the Future
  JOHN ADAMS, El Niño
    “Pues mi Dios ha nacido a penar,” “When Herod heard,” and “Woe unto Them That Call Evil Good”
 
CHAPTER 24 Music in America: Jazz and Beyond
1  Early American Music: An Overview

  The Cultivated Tradition
  Music in the Vernacular
  African American Music
2  Jazz: The First Fifty Years
  The Blues
  SIPPIE WALLACE, “If You Ever Been Down” Blues (Composed by G. W. Thomas)
  BOX Ragtime: Scott Joplin
  New Orleans Jazz
  Biography: Louis Armstrong
  Big Band Jazz: Swing
  DUKE ELLINGTON, “Conga Brava”
  Biography: Duke Ellington
  *Popular Song
3  Later Jazz
  Bebop
  CHARLIE PARKER and MILES DAVIS, “Out of Nowhere”
  Jazz after Bebop
  MILES DAVIS, Bitches Brew
Global Perspectives 6  African Drumming
  Yoruba drumming, “Ako”
4  Jazz in the Concert Hall
  GEORGE GERSHWIN, Prelude No. 1
  BOX The American Musical
  LEONARD BERNSTEIN, West Side Story
  Dance at the Gym: Meeting Scene and “Cool”
  BOX The Later Musical
5  Rock
  Early Rock 'n' Roll
  The 1960s: Rock Comes of Age
  Motown, Soul, and Funk
  The British Invasion
  American Counteroffensives
  After the 1960s
  Trends 1980-2000: Punk, Rap, and Post-Rock
Global Perspectives 7 Global Music
  South African choral song, “Anoku Gonda”
6  Conclusion
 
Appendix A Timelines
*Appendix B Musical Notation
 
Glossary of Musical Terms
Index
 

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