1.Introduction to Literacy and Deafness.
Metatheorizing in Literacy and Deafness.
Perspectives on Literacy.
Two World-Views for Theorizing, Research, and Instruction.
Discussion of Deafness.
Overview of Literacy Achievement and Deafness.
2.Reading-Comprehension Perspective: Theories and Research on Hearing Students.
Reading-Comprehension Framework: The Notion of Models.
Research on Reading-Comprehension and Hearing Students: A Summary.
3.Reading-Comprehensive Perspective: Research on Students Who Are Deaf.
Perspectives on Reading Achievement and Deafness.
Research on Selected Text-Based Variables.
Research on Selected Reader-Based Variables.
4.The Development of Writing.
Models of Writing.
Critique of the Three Broad Theoretical Views.
Research on Written Language and Hearing Students.
Stages of Written Language Development.
Research on Written Language and Students Who Are Deaf.
The Reading-Writing Connection: Future Directions.
5.Literary Critical Perspectives.
Critical Theory: A Brief Introduction.
Critical Theory and Literacy.
Clinical and Cultural Perspectives.
Bilingualism and Second-Language Learning: Description.
Theories of Second-Language Learning and Second-Language Literacy.
The Development of L1 and L2: Similar or Different?
Type of Student and Language Goal.
Synthesis of Research.
The Notion of Transfer.
ASL and Second-Language Literacy: Remarks and Future Research.
7.Instruction and First-Language Literacy, [Martha G. Gaustad, Bowling Green State University; Peter V. Paul, The Ohio State University].
General Instructional Issues.
The Emergence of Literacy Skills: Focus on Typical Readers/Writers.
Beginning Literacy and Children Who are Deaf.
Instruction: Actions for Meeting Literacy Readiness.
Instruction for Classroom Development of Literacy Skills.
8.Instruction and Second-Language Literacy [Peter V. Paul & Martha G. Gaustad].
Selection of Students and Teachers.
Curricular and Instructional Issues.
Use of ASL in Teaching English.
ASL/English Bilingual Education: Some Considerations.
9.Literacy Assessment: Selected Issues.
General Issues of Assessment.
Assessment: Purpose and Use.
A Few Assessment Issues Related to Deafness.
Characteristics of Good Assessment Tools.
Categories of Literacy Assessment.
10.Literacy, Literate Thought, and Deafness: A Brief Synthesis.
Effects of Metatheory and Metatheorizing.
Reciprocal Relation Between Conversational and Written Forms.
Appendix A: Comprehension Questions and Challenge Questions.
Appendix B: Suggested Books and Materials for Children and Adolescents.