Literature an Introduction to Reading and Writing / Edition 6

Literature an Introduction to Reading and Writing / Edition 6

by Edgar V. Roberts, Henry E. (Ed.) Jacobs

ISBN-10: 0130320706

ISBN-13: 9780130320704

Pub. Date: 07/28/2000

Publisher: Pearson

Technology continues to play a major role with the success of Literature through the online study resource. This site is a comprehensive resource that is organized according to the chapters within the text and features a variety of learning and teaching modules.

  • Reference Modules contain Web Destinations and Net Search options

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Technology continues to play a major role with the success of Literature through the online study resource. This site is a comprehensive resource that is organized according to the chapters within the text and features a variety of learning and teaching modules.

  • Reference Modules contain Web Destinations and Net Search options that provide the opportunity to expand upon information presented in the text.
  • Study Guide Modules present a variety of exercises and features designed to help students with self-study for every fiction and drama selection and over half of the poetry. These modules include:
    • Essay questions
    • Multiple choices
    • Built-in e-mail routing options that give students the ability to forward essay responses and computer-graded quizzes to their instructors
  • Communication Modules include tools such as Live Chat and Message Board to facilitate online collaboration and communication.
  • A "Writing about Literature" section offers students prompts for setting up an outline.
  • A "Living Timeline" for literature gives students perspectives on historical, political, and cultural information.

The Companion Website™ makes integrating the Internet into your course exciting and easy.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Reading, Responding to, and Writing about Literature.
Guy de Maupassant, The Necklace.


2. Fiction: An Overview.

Stories for Study.

Raymond Carver, Neighbors. Laurie Colwin, An Old-Fashioned Story. Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried. Alice Walker, Everyday Use. Joy Williams, Taking Care.
3. Plot and Structure: The Development and Organization of Stories.

Stories for Study:

Stephen Crane, The Blue Hotel. Thomas Hardy, The Three Strangers. Jamaica Kincaid, What I Have Been Doing Lately. Eudora Welty, A Worn Path. Tom Whitecloud, Blue Winds Dancing.
4. Characters: The People in Fiction.

Stories for Study:

Willa Cather, Paul's Case. William Faulkner, Barn Burning. Susan Glaspell, A Jury of Her Peers. Joyce Carol Oates, Shopping. Amy Tan, Two Kinds.
5. Point of View: The Position or Stance of the Narrator or Speaker.

Stories for Study:

Sherwood Anderson, I'm a Fool. Ambrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge. Ellen Gilchrist, The Song of Songs. Shirley Jackson, The Lottery. Lorrie Moore, How to Become a Writer.
6. Setting: The Background of Place, Objects, andCulture in Stories.

Stories for Study:

Sandra Cisneros, The House on Mango Street. Walter Van Tilburg Clark, The Portable Phonograph. Joseph Conrad, The Secret Sharer. Joanne Greenberg, And Sarah Laughed. Cynthia Ozick, The Shawl.
7. Style: The Words That Tell the Story.

Stories for Study:

Ernest Hemingway, Soldier's Home. Alice Munro, The Found Boat. Frank O'Connor, First Confession. Mark Twain, Luck. John Updike, A & P.
8. Tone: The Expression of Attitude in Fiction.

Stories for Study:

Margaret Atwood, Rape Fantasies. Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour. Jack Hodgins, The Concert Stages of Europe. Margaret Laurence, The Loons. Américo Parédes, The Hammon and the Beans.
9. Symbolism and Allegory: Keys to Extended Meaning.

Stories for Study:

Aesop, The Fox and the Grapes. Anonymous, The Myth Of Atalanta. Anita Scott Coleman, Unfinished Masterpieces. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown. St. Luke, The Parable of the Prodigal Son. John Steinbeck, The Chrysanthemums. Michel Tremblay, The Thimble.
10. Idea or Theme: The Meaning and the Message in Fiction.

Stories for Study:

Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson. Ernest J. Gaines, The Sky Is Gray. James Joyce, Araby. D.H. Lawrence, The Horse Dealer's Daughter. Irene Zabytko, Home Soil.
11. A Career in Fiction: A Collection of Stories by Edgar Allan Poe.

(Stories by Poe Arranged in Chronological Order.)

The Fall of the House of Usher (1839). The Masque of the Red Death (1842). The Black Cat (1843). The Purloined Letter (1844). The Cask of Amontillado (1846).
12. Stories for Additional Study.
Robert Olen Butler, Snow. Stephen Dixon, All Gone. Andre Dubus, The Curse. E.M. Forster, The Point of It. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper. Doris Lessing, The Old Chief Mshlanga. Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find. Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing. Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall.


13. Meeting Poetry: An Overview.
Lisel Mueller, Hope. Billy Collins, Schoolsville. Robert Herrick, Here a Pretty Baby Lies.

Poems for Study:

Emily Dickinson, Because I Could Not Stop for Death. Robert Francis, Catch. Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening. Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed. Joy Harjo, Eagle Poem. A.E. Housman, Loveliest of Trees.Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner. Louis MacNeice, Snow. Jim Northrup, Ogichidag. Naomi Shihab Nye, Where Children Live. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 55: Not Marble, Nor the Gilded Monuments.
14. Character and Setting: Who, What, Where, and When in Poetry.
Anonymous, Western Wind. Anonymous, Bonny George Campbell. Ben Jonson, Drink to Me, Only, with Thine Eyes. Ben Jonson, To the Reader.

Poems for Study:

Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach. William Blake, London. Robert Browning, My Last Duchess. William Cowper, The Poplar Field. Louise Glück, Snowdrops. Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard. Thomas Hardy, The Ruined Maid. Thomas Hardy, Channel Firing. C. Day Lewis, Song. Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love. Marge Piercy, Wellfleet Sabbath. Al Purdy, Poem.Sir Walter Raleigh, The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd. Christina Rossetti, A Christmas Carol. Jane Shore, A Letter Sent to Summer. Maura Stanton, Childhood. James Wright, A Blessing.
15. Words: The Building Blocks of Poetry.
Robert Graves, The Naked and the Nude.

Poems for Study:

William Blake, The Lamb. Robert Burns, Green Grow the Rashes, O. Lewis Carroll, Jabberwocky. John Donne, Holy Sonnet 14: Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God. Richard Eberhart The Fury of Aerial Bombardment. Thomas Gray, Sonnet on the Death of Richard West. Carolyn Kizer, Night Sounds Maxine Kumin, Hello, Hello Henry. Denise Levertov, Of Being. Henry Reed, Naming of Parts. Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory. Theodore Roethke, Dolor. Stephen Spender, I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great.Wallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock. Mark Strand, Eating Poetry.
16. Imagery: The Poem's Link to the Senses.
John Masefield, Cargoes. Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth. Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish.

Poems for Study:

William Blake, The Tyger.Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Sonnets from the Portugese, No. 14: If Thou Must Love Me. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan. Richard Crashaw, On Our Crucified Lord, Naked and Bloody. Ray Durem, I Know I 'm Not Sufficiently Obscure. T.S. Eliot, Preludes. George Herbert, The Pulley. Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring. Denise Levertov, A Time Past. Thomas Lux, The Voice You Hear When You Read Silently. P.K. Page, Photos of a Salt Mine. Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro. Friedrich Rückert, If You Love for the Sake of Beauty. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 130: My Mistress' Eyes Are Nothing Like the Sun. David Wojahn, “It's Only Rock and Roll but I Like It:” The Fall of Saigon.
17. Figures of Speech, or Metaphorical Language: A Source of Depth and Range in Poetry.
John Keats, On First Looking into Chapman's Homer. John Keats, Bright Star. John Gay, Let Us Take the Road.

Poems for Study:

Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose. John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning. T.S. Eliot, Eyes That Last I Saw in Tears. Abbie Huston Evans, The Iceberg Seven-eighths Under. Langston Hughes, Harlem. John Keats, To Autumn. Jane Kenyon, Portrait of a Figure Near Water. Henry King, Sic Vita. Judith Minty, Conjoined. Ogden Nash, Exit, Pursued by a Bear. Marge Piercy, A Work of Artifice. Sylvia Plath, Metaphors. Muriel Rukeyser, Looking at Each Other. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18: Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 30: When to the Sessions of Sweet Silent Thought. Elizabeth Tudor, Queen Elizabeth I, On Monsieur's Departure. Mona Van Duyn, Earth Tremors Felt in Missouri. Diane Wakoski, Inside Out. Walt Whitman, Facing West from California's Shores. William Wordsworth, London, 1802. Sir Thomas Wyatt, I Find No Peace.
18. Tone: The Creation of Attitude in Poetry.
Cornelius Whur, The First-Rate Wife. Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est. Thomas Hardy, The Workbox. Alexander Pope, Epigram from the French. Alexander Pope, Epigram, Engraved on the Collar of a Dog which I gave to his Royal Highness.

Poems for Study:

Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book. Lucille Clifton, homage to my hips. e.e. cummings, she being Brand/-new. Mari Evans, I Am a Black Woman. Langston Hughes, Theme for English B. X.J. Kennedy, John while swimming in the ocean. Sharon Olds, The Planned Child. Michael Ondaatje, Late Movies with Skyler. Robert Pinsky, Dying. Alexander Pope, from Epilogue to the Satires, Dialogue I. Salvatore Quasímodo, Auschwitz. Anne Ridler, Nothing Is Lost. Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz. Jonathan Swift, A Description of the Morning. David Wagoner, My Physics Teacher. C.K. Williams, Dimensions.
19. Prosody: Sound, Rhythm, and Rhyme in Poetry.

Poems for Study:

Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool. Emily Dickinson, To Hear an Oriole Sing. John Donne, The Sun Rising. T.S. Eliot, Macavity: The Mystery Cat. Isabella Gardner, At a Summer Hotel. Robert Herrick, Upon Julia's Voice. Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur. Langston Hughes, Let America Be America Again. Philip Levine, A Theory of Prosody. William Wadsworth Longfellow, The Sound of the Sea. Ogden Nash, Very Like a Whale. Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee . Edgar Allan Poe, The Bells. Alexander Pope, from An Essay on Man, Epistle I, lines 17-90.Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73: That Time of Year Thou May'st in Me Behold. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ode to the West Wind. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, from Idylls of the King: The Passing of Arthur, lines 344-393. David Wagoner, March for a One-Man Band.
20. Form: The Shape of the Poem.
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle. Anonymous, Spun in High, Dark Clouds. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116: Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds. Walt Whitman, Reconciliation. George Herbert, Easter Wings.

Poems For Study.

Elizabeth Bishop, One Art. Billy Collins, Sonnet. e.e. cummings, Buffalo Bill's Defunct. John Dryden, To the Memory of Mr. Oldham. Robert Frost, Desert Places. Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California. Nikki Giovanni, Nikki-Rosa. Robert Haas, Museum. George Herbert, Virtue. William Heyen, Mantle. John Hollander, Swan and Shadow. John Keats, Ode to a Nightingale. Claude McKay, In Bondage. John Milton, When I Consider How My Light Is Spent. Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham. Theodore Roethke, The Waking. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymadias. May Swenson, Women. Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night. Jean Toomer, Reapers. Charles H. Webb, The Shape of History. Phyllis Webb, Poetics Against the Angel of Death. William Carlos Williams, The Dance.
21. Symbolism and Allusion: Windows to a Wide Expanse of Meaning.
Virginia Scott, Snow.

Poems for Study:

e.e. Cummings, in just-. John Donne, The Canonization. Isabella Gardner, Collage of Echoes. Jorie Graham, The Geese. Thomas Hardy, In Time of “The Breaking of Nations.” George Herbert, The Collar. Josephine Jacobsen, Tears. Robinson Jeffers, The Purse-Seine. John Keats, La Belle Dame Sans Merci. X.J. Kennedy, Old Men Pitching Horseshoes. Mary Oliver, Wild Geese. Walt Whitman, A Noiseless Patient Spider. Richard Wilbur, Year's End. William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium. William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming.
22. Myth: Systems of Symbolic Allusion in Poetry.
William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan.

Poems for Study:

Poems Related to the Myth of Odysseus:

Margaret Atwood, Siren Song. Olga Broumas, Circe. Louise Glück, Penelope's Song. W.S. Merwin, Odysseus Dorothy Parker, Penelope. Linda Pastan, The Suitor. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses. Peter Ulisse, Odyssey: 20 Years Later.

Poems Related to the Myth of Icarus.

Brian Aldiss, Flight 063.W.H. Auden, Musée des Beaux Arts. Edward Field, Icarus. Muriel Rukeyser, Waiting for Icarus. Anne Sexton, To a Friend Whose Work Has Come to Triumph. Stephen Spender, Icarus. William Carlos Williams, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus.

Poems Related to the Myth of Phoenix.

Amy Clampitt, Berceuse. Denise Levertov, Hunting the Phoenix. May Sarton, The Phoenix Again.

Poems Related to the Myth of Oedipus.

Muriel Rukeyser, Myth. John Updike, On the Way to Delphi.
23. Meaning: Idea and Theme in Poetry.
Judith Viorst, True Love.

Poems for Study:

Amy Clampitt, Beach Glass. e.e. cummings, next to of course god america i. John Dryden, A Song for St. Cecilia's Day. Donald Hall, Whip-poor-will. Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Langston Hughes, The Negro Speaks of Rivers. Ben Jonson, To Celia. Donald Justice, On the Death of Friends in Childhood. John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn. Philip Larkin, Next, Please. Archibald MacLeish, Ars Poetica. Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress. Sharon Olds, 35/10. Linda Pastan, Ethics.
24. Three Poetic Careers: William Wordsworth, Emily Dickinson, and Robert Frost.

William Wordsworth (1770-1850):

My Heart Leaps Up. From The Prelude, Book I, lines 301-474. Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey. Daffodils (I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud). Lines Written in Early Spring. Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood. Expostulation and Reply. The Tables Turned. Stepping Westward. The Solitary Reaper. Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802. I Grieved for Buonaparté with a Vain. It Is a Beauteous Evening. On the Extinction of the Venetian Republic. Scorn Not the Sonnet. To Toussaint L'Ouverture.

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886):

After Great Pain, a Formal Feeling Comes (Poem 341). The Bustle in a House (Poem 1078). “Faith” Is a Fine Invention (Poem 185). The Heart Is the Capital of the Mind (Poem 1354). I Cannot Live with You (Poem 640). I Died for Beauty—but Was Scarce (Poem 449). I Felt a Funeral in My Brain (Poem 280). I Heard a Fly Buzz—When I Died (Poem 465). I Like to See It Lap the Miles (Poem 585). I'm Nobody! Who Are You? (Poem 288). I Never Felt at Home—Below— (Poem 413). I Never Lost as Much But Twice (Poem 49). I Taste a Liquor Never Brewed (Poem 214). Much Madness Is Divinest Sense (Poem 435). My Life Closed Twice Before Its Close (Poem 1732). My Triumph Lasted Till the Drums (Poem 1227). One Need Not Be a Chamber—To Be Haunted (Poem 670). Safe in Their Alabaster Chambers (Poem 216). Some Keep the Sabbath Going to Church (Poem 324). The Soul Selects Her Own Society (Poem 303). Success Is Counted Sweetest (Poem 67). Tell All the Truth, but Tell it Slant (Poem 1129). There's a Certain Slant of Light (Poem 258). This World Is not Conclusion (Poem 501). Wild Nights—Wild Nights! (Poem 249).

Robert Frost (1874-1963):

A Line-Storm Song (1913). Mending Wall (1914). Birches (1915). The Road Not Taken (1915). 'Out, Out—' (1916). The Oven Bird (1916). Fire and Ice (1920). Misgiving (1923). Nothing Gold Can Stay (1923). Acquainted with the Night (1928). Design (1936). The Silken Tent (1936). The Strong Are Saying Nothing (1937). A Considerable Speck (1942). Choose Something like a Star (1943).
25. Poems for Additional Study.
A.R. Ammons, 80-Proof. Maya Angelou, My Arkansas. Anonymous, Barbara Allan. Anonymous (Navajo), Healing Prayer from the Beautyway Chant. Anonymous, Lord Randal. Anonymous, The Three Ravens. Anonymous, Waly, Waly. Margaret Atwood, Variation on the Word Sleep. W.H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen. Imamu Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), Ka 'Ba. Wendell Berry, Through the Weeks of Deep Snow. Earle Birney, Can. Lit. Louise Bogan, Women. Arna Bontemps, A Black Man Talks of Reaping. Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband. Gwendolyn, Brooks, Primer for Blacks. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Sonnets from the Portuguese: No. 43: How Do I Love Thee? Robert Browning , Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister. Lord Byron, The Destruction of Sennacherib. Thomas Campion, Cherry Ripe. Lucille Clifton, this morning (for the girls of eastern high school). Lucille Clifton, the poet. Leonard Cohen, 'The killers that run...'. Billy Collins, Days. Frances Cornford, From A Letter to America on a Visit to Sussex: Spring, 1942. Stephen Crane, Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War Is Kind. Countée Cullen, Yet Do I Marvel. e.e. cummings, if there are any heavens. James Dickey, Kudzu. James Dickey, The Lifeguard. James Dickey, The Performance. John Donne, The Good Morrow. John Donne, Holy Sonnet 6: This Is My Play's Last Scene. John Donne, Holy Sonnet 7: At the Round Earth's Imagined Corners. John Donne, Holy Sonnet 10: Death Be Not Proud. John Donne, A Hymn to God the Father. John Donne, Song: Go, And Catch a Falling Star. Michael Drayton, Since There's No Help. Paul Laurence Dunbar, Sympathy. T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. James Emanuel, The Negro. Lynn Emanuel, Like God. John Engels, Naming the Animals. Carolyn Forché, Because One Is Always Forgotten. Dan Georgakas, Hiroshima Crewman. Chief Dan George, The Beauty of the Trees. Nikki Giovanni, Woman. Marilyn Hacker, Sonnet Ending with a Film Subtitle. John Haines, Little Cosmic Dust Poem. Donald Hall, Scenic View. Daniel Halpern, Snapshot of Hué. Daniel Halpern, Summer in the Middle Class. H.S. (Sam) Hamod, Leaves. Frances E.W. Harper, She's Free! Michael S. Harper, Called. Robert Hass, Spring Rain. Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays. Seamus Heaney, The Otter. George Herbert, Love (III). William Heyen, The Hair: Jacob Korman's Story. A.D Hope, Advice to Young Ladies. Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty. Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover. Julia Ward Howe, Battle Hymn of the Republic. Langston Hughes, Negro. Robinson Jeffers, The Answer. Etheridge Knight, Haiku. Maxine Kumin, Woodchucks. Irving Layton, Rhine Boat Trip. Li -Young Lee, A Final Thing. Alan P. Lightman, In Computers. Liz Lochhead, The Choosing. Audre Lorde, Every Traveler Has One Vermont Poem. Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta, Going to the Wars. Amy Lowell, Patterns. Gwendolyn McEwen, Dark Pines under Water. Heather McHugh, Lines. Claude McKay, The White City. W.S. Merwin, Listen. Edna St. Vincent Millay, What Lips My Lips Have Kissed, and Where, and Why. N. Scott Momaday, The Bear. Howard Nemerov, Life Cycle of Common Man. Jim Northrup, wahbegan. Frank O'Hara, Poem. Mary Oliver, Ghosts. Simon Ortiz, A Story of How a Wall Stands. Dorothy Parker, Résumé. Linda Pastan, Marks. Marge Piercy, The Secretary Chant. Marge Piercy, Will We Work Together? Sylvia Plath, Last Words. Sylvia Plath, Mirror. Katha Pollitt, Archaeology. Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter. John Crowe Ransom, Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter. John Raven, Assailant. Adrienne Rich, Diving into the Wreck. Theodore Roethke, The Waking. Luis Omar Salinas, In a Farmhouse. Sonia Sanchez, right on: white america. Carl Sandburg, Chicago. Siegfried Sassoon, Dreamers. Gjertrude Schnackenberg, The Paperweight. Alan Seeger, I Have a Rendezvous with Death. Brenda Serotte, My Mother's Face. William Shakespeare, Fear No More the Heat o' the Sun. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29: When in Disgrace with Fortune and Men's Eyes. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 146: Poor Soul, the Center of My Sinful Earth. Karl Shapiro, Auto Wreck. Leslie Marmon Silko, Where Mountain Lion Lay Down with Deer. Dave Smith, Blujays. Stevie Smith, Not Waving But Drowning. W.D. Snodgrass, These Trees Stand... Cathy Song, Lost Sister. Gary Soto, Oranges. Gary Soto, Kearney Park. William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark. Gerald Stern, Burying an Animal on the Way to New York. Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-Cream. May Swenson, Question . Jonathan Swift, A Riddle (The Vowels). James Tate, The Blue Booby. Dylan Thomas, A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London. Chase Twichell, Blurry Cow. John Updike, Perfection Wasted. Tino Villanueva, Day-Long Day. S helly Wagner, The Boxes. Alice Walker, Revolutionary Petunias. Edmund Waller, Go, Lovely Rose. Robert Penn Warren, Heart of Autumn. Bruce Weigl, Song of Napalm. Phyllis Wheatley, On Being Brought from Africa to America.Walt Whitman, Full of Life Now. Walt Whitman, Beat! Beat! Drums! Walt Whitman, Dirge for Two Veterans. Richard Wilbur, April 5, 1974. William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow. William Butler Yeats, The Wild Swans at Coole. Paul Zimmer, The Day Zimmer Lost Religion.

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