Literature: The Human Experience: Reading and Writing / Edition 11

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Literature: The Human Experience is based on a simple premise: All students can and will connect with literature if the works they read are engaging, exciting, and relevant. Accordingly, every edition of this classroom favorite has featured a broad range of enticing stories, poems, plays, and essays that explore timeless, ever-resonant themes: innocence and experience, conformity and rebellion, culture and identity, love and hate, life and death. The affordable new edition (a third less expensive than comparable anthologies) opens students eyes to a more contemporary selection of writing, while continuing to help them see, and write about, illuminating connections to literature past and present, lives near and far, and experiences that are enduringly human.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781457604294
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 9/7/2012
  • Edition description: Eleventh Edition
  • Edition number: 11
  • Pages: 1488
  • Sales rank: 23,114
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Marvin Klotz (PhD, New York University) is a professor of English emeritus at California State University, Northridge, where he taught for thirty-three years and won Northridge's distinguished teaching award in 1983. He is also the winner of two Fulbright professorships (in Vietnam and Iran) and was a National Endowment for the Arts Summer Fellow twice. In addition to editing Literature: The Human Experience and several other textbooks, he coauthored a guide and index to the characters in Faulkner's fiction.
Samuel Cohen (PhD, City University of New York) is Associate Professor of English and Director of Graduate Studies at the University of Missouri. He is the author of After the End of History: American Fiction in the 1990s, co-editor (with Lee Konstantinou) of The Legacy of David Foster Wallace, Series Editor of The New American Canon: The Iowa Series in Contemporary Literature and Culture, and has published in such journals as Novel, Clio, Twentieth-Century Literature, The Journal of Basic Writing, and Dialogue: A Journal for Writing Specialists. For Bedford/St. Martin's, he is author of 50 Essays: A Portable Anthology and coauthor of Literature: The Human Experience.

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Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors

Responding to Literature
    Emily Dickinson, There Is No Frigate Like A Book
Why We Read Literature
Reading Actively and Critically
Reading Fiction
  The Methods of Fiction
    Point of View
  Questions for Exploring Fiction
Reading Poetry
    Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd Astronome
Word Choice
Figurative Language
  The Music of Poetry
  Questions for Exploring Poetry
Reading Drama
  Stages and Staging
  The Elements of Drama
    Dramatic Irony
    Plot and Conflict
  Questions for Exploring Drama
Reading Nonfiction
  Types of Nonfiction
    Narrative Nonfiction
    Descriptive Nonfiction
    Expository Nonfiction
    Argumentative Nonfiction
  Analyzing Nonfiction
    The Thesis
    Structure and Detail
    Style and Tone
  Questions for Exploring Nonfiction
Writing about Literature
Responding to Your Reading
  Annotating While You Read
    William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29
  Keeping a Journal
  Exploring and Planning
    Asking Good Questions
    Establishing a Working Thesis
    Gathering Information
    Organizing Information
Drafting the Essay
  Refining Your Opening
  Supporting Your Thesis
Revising the Essay
  Editing Your Draft
    Selecting Strong Verbs
    Eliminating Unnecessary Modifiers
    Grammatical Connections
  Proofreading Your Draft
Some Common Writing Assignments
  Comparison and Contrast
The Research Paper
An Annotated Student Research Paper
Some Matters of Form and Documentation
    Brackets and Ellipses
    Quotation Marks and Other Punctuation
    Documenting Online Sources
A Checklist for Writing about Literature
Questions for Thinking and Writing
  Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown
  John Updike, A & P
  Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson
  Jamaica Kincaid, Girl
  *Daniel Orozco, Orientation
  Hari Kunzru, Raj, Bohemian
  James Joyce, Araby
  *Rivka Galchen, Wild Berry Blue
*CASE STUDY: Flannery O'Connor in a Critical Context
  Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find
  *Flannery O'Connor, from Mystery & Manners
  *Rebecca R. Butler, What's So Funny about Flannery O'Connor?
  *Hallman B. Bryant, Reading the Map in "A Good Man Is Hard to Find"
  *Robert H. Brinkmeyer, Flannery O'Connor and Her Readers
  *Joseph O'Neil1, Touched by Evil
  William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper
  William Blake, The Lamb
  William Blake, The Garden of Love
  William Blake, London
  William Blake, The Tyger
  Robert Browning, My Last Duchess
  Emily Dickinson, I felt a Funeral, in my Brain
  Thomas Hardy, The Ruined Maid
  Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall
  A.E. Housman, Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff
  A.E. Housman, When I Was One-and-Twenty
  William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan
  Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken
  Robert Frost, Birches
  e.e. cummings, In Just —
  Stevie Smith, Not Waving but Drowning
  Stevie Smith, To Carry the Child
  Countee Cullen, Incident
  Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill
  Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Constantly Risking Absurdity
  Philip Larkin, A Study of Reading Habits
  Philip Larkin, This Be the Verse
  *Anthony Hecht, After the Rain
  Audra Lorde, Hanging Fire
  *Jean Nordhaus, A Dandelion for My Mother
  Louise Gluck, The School Children
  *Alan Feldman, My Century
  Hanan Mikha'il 'Ashrawi, From the Diary of an Almost-Four-Year-Old
  Katherine McAlpine, Plus C'est la Meme Chose
  Sandra Cisneros, My Wicked Wicked Ways
  *Sandra Castillo, Christmas, 1970
  *Spencer Reece, The Manhattan Project
  *Carrie Fountain, Experience
  Evelyn Lau, Solipsism
CONNECTING POEMS: Revisiting Fairy Tales
  Anne Sexton, Cinderella
  Bruce Bennett, The True Story of Snow White
  Marilyn Hacker, Conte
  Katharyn Howd Machan, Hazel Tells LaVerne
CONNECTING POEMS: Voices of Experience
  Langston Hughes, Mother to Son
  Peter Meinke, Advice to My Son
  Robert Mezey, My Mother
  Molly Peacock, Our Room
  Gary Soto, Behind Grandma's House
  *W. S. Merwin, Thanks
  *Carl Dennis, Thanksgiving Letter from Harry
  *Sheila Ortiz Taylor, The Way Back
  *James Welch, Christmas Comes to Moccasin Flat
  *Maggie Nelson, Thanksgiving
  Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House
  Suzan-Lori Parks, Father Comes Home from the Wars
  Langston Hughes, Salvation
  Judith Ortiz Cofer, American History
  Brian Doyle, Pop Art
  *David Sedaris, What I Learned, And What I Said at Princeton
  David Foster Wallace, Commencement Speech, Kenyon College
Further Questions for Thinking and Writing
Questions for Thinking and Writing
  Herman Melville, Bartleby, the Scrivener
  Franz Kafka, A Hunger Artist
  Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal
  Shirley Jackson, The Lottery
  Ursula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas
  Amy Tan, Two Kinds
  Aimee Bender, Tiger Mending
  Harlan Ellison, "Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman
  Jonathan Lethem, Super Goat Man
  *John Donne, Holy Sonnets: "If poisonous minerals, and if that tree"
  *Richard Crashaw, But Men Loved Darkness rather than Light
  Phyllis Wheatley, On Being Brought from Africa to America
  William Wordsworth, The World Is Too Much with Us
  Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses
  Emily Dickinson, Much Madness is divinest Sense
  Emily Dickinson, She rose to His Requirement
  William Butler Yeats, Easter 1916
  William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming
  *Carl Sandburg, I Am the People, the Mob
  Wallace Stevens, Sunday Morning
  Anna Akhmatova, from Requiem
  Claude McKay, If We Must Die
  Langston Hughes, Harlem
  W.H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen
  Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham
  Henry Reed, Naming of Parts
  Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool
  *Donald Davie, The Nonconformist
  Philip Levine, What Work Is
  Marge Piercy, The Market Economy
  *Marvin Klotz, God: The Villanelle
  Richard Garcia, Why I Left the Church
  Carolyn Forche, The Colonel
  *Natasha Trethewey, Flounder
CONNECTING POEMS: Revolutionary Thinking
  William Butler Yeats, The Great Day
  Robert Frost, A Semi-Revolution
  Oscar Williams, A Total Revolution
  Nikki Giovanni, Dreams
*CONNECTING POEMS: Revising America
  *Walt Whitman, One Song, America, Before I Go
  *Langston Hughes, I, Too
  *Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California
  *Shirley Geok-Lin Lim, Learning to Love America
CONNECTING POEMS: Soldiers' Protests
  Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed
  Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est
  Hanan Mikha'il 'Ashrawi, Night Patrol
  Steve Earle, Rich Man's War
  *Kevin C. Powers, Letter Composed During a Lull in the Fighting
  *Sophocles, Antigone
  Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal
  *Jamaica Kincaid, On Seeing England for the First Time
  E.L. Doctorow, Why We Are Infidels
  Salman Rushdie, "Imagine There's No Heaven"
CASE STUDY: "Letter from Birmingham Jail" in Historical Context
  from The U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 2
  from Dred Scott v. Sandford
  Jim Crow Laws
  A Call for Unity from Alabama Clergymen
  The Birmingham Truce Agreement
  Martin Luther King Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail
Further Questions for Thinking and Writing
Questions for Thinking and Writing
  Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper
  James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues
  Alice Walker, Everyday Use
  *Sherman Alexie, War Dances
  Jhumpa Lahiri, Hell-Heaven
  *Dagoberto Gilb, Uncle Rock
  *Yiyun Li, The Science of Flight
CONNECTING STORIES: Insiders and Outcasts
  William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily
  Ha Jin, The Bridegroom
  Emily Dickinson, I'm Nobody! Who Are You?
  *James Weldon Johnson, A Poet to His Baby Son
  Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask
  *Georgia Douglas Johnson, Old Black Men
  T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
  e.e. cummings, the Cambridge ladies who live in furnished souls
  Etheridge Knight, Hard Rock Returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane
  Yevgeny Yevtushenko, I Would Like
  Wole Soyinka, Telephone Conversation
  Kay Ryan, All Shall Be Restored
  Juan Felipe Herrera, 187 Reasons Why Mexicanos Can't Cross the Border (Remix)
  *Maggie Anderson, Long Story
  Judith Ortiz Cofer, Latin Women Pray
  Marilyn Chin, How I Got That Name
  *Alexandra Teague, Adjectives of Order
  Louise Erdrich, Dear John Wayne
  Joshua Clover, The Nevada Glassworks
  Kevin Young, Negative
  *Terrance Hayes, Root
*CONNECTING POEMS: Poetic Identities
  Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself
  *Frank O'Hara, My Heart
  *Billy Collins, Monday
  *Timothy Yu, Chinese Silence No. 22
  *Carl Phillips, Blue
CONNECTING POEMS: Fashioning Selves
  Emily Dickinson, What Soft—Cherubic Creatures—
  June Jordan, Memo:
  Marge Piercy, Barbie Doll
  Taslima Nasrin, Things Cheaply Had
  Tess Gallagher, I Stop Writing the Poem
  Julia Alvarez, Woman's Work
  Rita Dove, My Mother Enters the Work Force
  Deborah Garrison, Sestina for the Working Mother
  Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the Sun
  David Henry Hwang, Trying to Find Chinatown
  Virginia Woolf, What If Shakespeare Had Had a Sister?
  Zora Neale Hurston, How It Feels to Be Colored Me
  George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant
  Bharati Mukherjee, Two Ways to Belong in America
  *Lacy M. Johnson, White Trash Primer
Further Questions for Thinking and Writing
Questions for Thinking and Writing
  Kate Chopin, The Storm
  *Zora Neale Hurston, Sweat
  Raymond Carver, What We Talk About When We Talk About Love
  Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?
  *Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Birdsong
  Ernest Hemingway, Hills Like White Elephants
  *David Foster Wallace, Good People
  Sappho, With His Venom
  *Catullus, 85
  Anonymous, Bonny Barbara Allan
  William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18 "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"
  William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29 "When, in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes"
  *William Shakespeare, Sonnet 64 "When I have seen by Time's fell hand defaced"
  William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116, "Let me not to the marriage of true minds"
  William Shakespeare, Sonnet 130 "My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun"
  John Donne, The Flea
  *John Donne, The Prohibition
  John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
  Ben Jonson, Song, to Celia
  Lady Mary Wroth, Am I thus conquered?
  Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
  Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband
  *Katherine Philips, Friendship's Mystery, to My Dearest Lucasia
  *Ephelia, To My Rival
  William Blake, A Poison Tree
  Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose
  Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach
  Robert Frost, Fire and Ice
  Dorothy Parker, One Perfect Rose
  e.e. cummings, she being Brand
  Theodore Roethke, I Knew a Woman
  Elizabeth Bishop, One Art
  John Frederick Nims, Love Poem
  Wislawa Szymborska, A Happy Love
  Lisa Mueller, Happy and Unhappy Families
  Carolyn Kizer, Bitch
  Galway Kinnell, After Making Love We Hear Footsteps
  Adrienne Rich, Living in Sin
  Sylvia Plath, Daddy
  Lucille Clifton, There Is a Girl Inside
  Seamus Heaney, Valediction
  *Robert Hass, Meditation at Lagunitas
  Billy Collins, Sonnet
  Sharon Olds, Sex without Love
  Deborah Pope, Getting Through
  Wyatt Prunty, Learning the Bicycle
  *Adrian Blevins, The Case Against April
  *Daisy Fried, Econo Motel, Ocean City
*CONNECTING POEMS: Looking Back on Love
  *Sir Thomas Wyatt, They Flee from Me
  *Lady Mary Wroth, "Come darkest night, becoming sorrow best"
  *Sharon Olds, My Father's Diary
  *Dean Young, Winged Purposes
CONNECTING POEMS: Remembering Fathers
  Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz
  Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays
  Molly Peacock, Say You Love Me
  Li-Young Lee, Eating Alone
CONNECTING POEMS: Proposals and Replies
  Sir Walter Raleigh, The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd
  Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to his Love
  Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress
  Annie Finch, Coy Mistress
*CASE STUDY: Cultural Contexts for Othello
  William Shakespeare, Othello
  *Juan Louis Vives, from Instruction of a Christian Woman
  *George Best, from A True Discourse of the Late Voyages of Discovery
  *Robert Burton, from Anatomy of Melancholy
  *Francis Bacon, from The Essays or Counsels, Civil and Moral
  Susan Glaspell, Trifles
  *Lynn Nottage, Poof!
  Paul, 1 Corinthians 13
  Maxine Hong Kingston, No Name Woman
  Stuart Lishan, Winter Count, 1964
  Grace Talusan, My Father's Noose
*CONNECTING NONFICTION: Love in the Digital Age
  *Katha Pollitt, Webstalker
  *Megan Daum, Virtual Love
Further Questions for Thinking and Writing
Questions for Thinking and Writing
  Edgar Allen Poe, The Cask of Amontillado
  Leo Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan Ilyich
  *Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour
  Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried
  Leslie Marmon Silko, The Man to Send Rain Clouds
  Helena Maria Viramontes, The Moths
*CONNECTING STORIES: Between Life and Death
  Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall
  *Tobias Wolff, Bullet in the Brain
*CONNECTING STORIES: Endangered Species
  *T. Coraghessan Boyle, Admiral
  *Lydia Millet, Girl & Giraffe
  Anonymous, Edward
  William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73 "That time of year thou mayst in me behold"
  William Shakespeare, Fear No More the Heat o' the Sun
  John Donne, Death, Be Not Proud
  Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias
  John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn
  Emily Dickinson, After great pain, a formal feeling comes
  Emily Dickinson, I heard a Fly buzz—when I died
  Emily Dickinson, Apparently with no surprise
  Emily Dickinson, Because I could not stop for Death
  *Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur
  A.E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young
  William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium
  Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory
  Robert Frost, After Apple-Picking
  Robert Frost, "Out, Out—"
  Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay
  Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
  Robert Frost, Design
  Pablo Neruda, The Dead Woman
CASE STUDY: Poems about Paintings
  W.H. Auden, Musee des Beaux Arts
  Pieter Brueghal the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
  Lawrence Ferlinghetti, In Goya's Greatest Scenes
  Francisco de Goya, The Third of May, 1808, Madrid
  Anne Sexton, The Starry Night
  Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night
  Donald Finkel, The Great Wave: Hokusai
  Katsushika Hokusai, The Great Wave of Kanagawa
  Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
  Catherine Davis, After a Time
  *Donald Hall, Affirmation
  Mary Oliver, When Death Comes
  *Alicia Ostriker, Daffodils
  Seamus Heaney, Mid-term Break
  Janice Mirikitani, Suicide Note
  Jane Kenyon, Let Evening Come
  Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It
  Victor Hernandez Cruz, Problems with Hurricanes
  *Mark Halliday, Chicken Salad
  *Linda Gregerson, Sweet
  *Marie Howe, What The Living Do
  *Mark Turpin, The Man Who Built This House
  Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish
  William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark
  *William Greenway, Pit Pony
  *Edward Hirsch, Wild Gratitude
*CONNECTING POEMS: Seizing the Day
  *Rainer Maria Rilke, Archaic Torso of Apollo
  *James Wright, Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy's Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota
  *Billy Collins, Sandhill Cranes of Nebraska
  *Barbara Ras, You Can't Have It All
  *Tony Hoagland, I Have News for You
  *Gwendolyn Brooks, The Mother
  *Lisel Mueller, Curriculum Vitae
  *David Wojahn, August, 1953
  *Sam Hamill, The Orchid Flower
  Woody Allen, Death Knocks
  John Donne, Meditation XIV, from Devotions upon Emergent Occasions
  *Rachel Carson, The Obligation to Endure
  Jill Christman, The Sloth
  E.B. White, Once More to the Lake
  *Brian Doyle, Joyas Voladores
  *Chang-Rae Lee, Coming Home Again
Further Questions for Thinking and Writing
Glossary of Critical Approaches
  Ethical Criticism
  Feminist Criticism
  Formalist Criticism
  Marxist Criticism
  Historical Criticism
  Psychoanalytic Criticism
  Postcolonial Criticism
  Reader-Response Criticism
Biographical Notes on the Authors
Glossary of Literary Terms
Index of Authors and Titles
 *new to this edition

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