Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing, Compact Edition / Edition 7

Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing, Compact Edition / Edition 7

3.9 7
by X. J. Kennedy, Dana Gioia

ISBN-10: 0205229417

ISBN-13: 9780205229413

Pub. Date: 02/16/2012

Publisher: Longman

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For introductory courses in Literature.

Cultivate a Love of Literature…

A streamlined version of Kennedy/Gioia’s acclaimed literary anthology, Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing, Compact Edition, 8/e is a book to lead readers beyond the boundaries of self to see the world through the eyes of others. The authors developed this text with two major goals in mind: to introduce college students to the appreciation and experience of literature in its major forms and to develop students’ abilities to think critically and communicate effectively through writing. The book is built on the assumption that great literature can enrich and enlarge the lives it touches. Both editors, literary writers themselves, believe that textbooks should be not only informative and accurate but also lively, accessible, and engaging.

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Students can access new content that fosters an understanding of literary elements, which provides a foundation for stimulating class discussions. This simple and powerful tool offers state-of-the-art audio and video resources along with practical tools and flexible assessment. The Literature Collection eText within MyLiteratureLab includes more than 700 selections and valuable multimedia resources–including professional performances, biographies of key authors, contextual videos, interactive student papers–that bring literature to life

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Table of Contents

** = new selection vs. Compact 6e


A Conversation with Amy Tan

1 Reading a Story

W. Somerset Maugham The Appointment in Samarra

** Aesop The Fox and the Grapes

** Bidpai The Camel and His Friends

Chuang Tzu Independence

Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm Godfather Death

John Updike A & P

Writing effectively

John Updike on Writing Why Write?

2 Point of View

William Faulkner A Rose for Emily

** ZZ Packer Brownies

Edgar Allan Poe The Tell Tale Heart

James Baldwin Sonny’s Blues

Writing Effectively

James Baldwin on Writing Race and the African American Writer

3 Character

Katherine Anne Porter The Jilting of Granny Weatherall

Nathaniel Hawthorne Young Goodman Brown

Katherine Mansfield Miss Brill

Raymond Carver Cathedral

Writing Effectively

Raymond Carver on Writing Commonplace but Precise Language

4 Setting

Kate Chopin The Storm

** Jack London To Build a Fire

** Ray Bradbury A Sound of Thunder

Amy Tan A Pair of Tickets

Writing Effectively

Amy Tan on Writing Setting the Voice

5 Tone and Style

Ernest Hemingway A Clean, Well-Lighted Place

William Faulkner Barn Burning

O. Henry The Gift of the Magi

** Anne Tyler Teenage Wasteland

Writing Effectively

Ernest Hemingway on Writing The Direct Style

6 Theme

Chinua Achebe Dead Men’s Path

** Alice Munro How I Met My Husband

Luke 15:11—32 The Parable of the Prodigal Son

Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. Harrison Bergeron

Writing Effectively

Kurt Vonnegut Jr. on Writing The Themes of Science Fiction

7 Symbol

John Steinbeck The Chrysanthemums

D. H. Lawrence The Rocking-Horse Winner

Ursula K. Le Guin The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas

Shirley Jackson The Lottery

writing effectively

Shirley Jackson on Writing Biography of a Story

**8 Reading Long Stories and Novels

** Franz Kafka The Metamorphosis

Writing Effectively

** Franz Kafka on Writing Discussing The Metamorphosis

9 Critical Casebook: Flannery O’Connor


A Good Man Is Hard to Find


Flannery O’Connor on Writing

From “On Her Own Work”

On Her Catholic Faith

From “The Grotesque in Southern Fiction”

Critics on Flannery O’Connor

J. O. Tate A Good Source Is Not So Hard to Find: The Real Life Misfit

Mary Jane Schenck Deconstructing “A Good Man Is Hard to Find”

Louise S. Cowan The Character of Mrs. Turpin in “Revelation”

** Dean Flower Listening to Flannery O’connor

10 Critical Casebook: Two Stories in Depth

Charlotte Perkins Gilman

The Yellow Wallpaper

Charlotte Perkins Gilman on Writing

Why I Wrote “The Yellow Wallpaper”

Whatever Is

The Nervous Breakdown of Women

Critics on “The Yellow Wallpaper”

Juliann Fleenor Gender and Pathology in “The Yellow Wallpaper”

Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar Imprisonment and Escape: The Psychology of Confinement

Elizabeth Ammons Biographical Echoes in “The Yellow Wallpaper”

Alice Walker

Everyday Use

Alice Walker on Writing

The Black Woman Writer in America

Reflections on Writing and Women’s Lives

Critics on “Everyday Use”

Barbara T. Christian “Everyday Use” and the Black Power Movement

** Mary Helen Washington “Everyday Use” as a Portrait of the Artist

Houston A. Baker and Charlotte Pierce-Baker Stylish vs. Sacred in “Everyday Use”

Elaine Showalter Quilt as Metaphor in “Everyday Use”

11 Stories for Further Reading

Sherman Alexie This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona

** Isabel Allende The Judge’s Wife

Margaret Atwood Happy Endings

Ambrose Bierce An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge

Jorge Luis Borges The Gospel According to Mark

T. Coraghessan Boyle Greasy Lake

Kate Chopin The Story of an Hour

Gabriel García Márquez A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings

Zora Neale Hurston Sweat

James Joyce Araby

Jamaica Kincaid Girl

Jhumpa Lahiri Interpreter of Maladies

Joyce Carol Oates Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

Tim O’Brien The Things They Carried

** Eudora Welty A Worn Path


A Conversation with Kay Ryan

12 Reading a Poem

William Butler Yeats The Lake Isle of Innisfree

Robert Hayden Those Winter Sundays

Adrienne Rich Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers

Anonymous Sir Patrick Spence

Robert Frost “Out, Out–”

Robert Browning My Last Duchess

Writing Effectively

Adrienne Rich on Writing Recalling “Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers”

thinking about Paraphrase

William Stafford Ask Me

William Stafford A Paraphrase of “Ask Me”

13 Listening to a Voice


Theodore Roethke My Papa’s Waltz

Countee Cullen For a Lady I Know

Anne Bradstreet The Author to Her Book

Walt Whitman To a Locomotive in Winter

Emily Dickinson I like to see it lap the Miles

**Benjamin Alire Saenz, To the Desert

**Gwendolyn Brooks Speech to the Young. Speech to the Progress-Toward

Weldon Kees For My Daughter

The Person in the Poem

Natasha Trethewey White Lies

Edwin Arlington Robinson Luke Havergal

Ted Hughes Hawk Roosting

**Anonymous Dog Haiku

William Wordsworth I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud

Dorothy Wordsworth Journal Entry

Anne Sexton Her Kind

William Carlos Williams The Red Wheelbarrow


Robert Creeley Oh No

W. H. Auden The Unknown Citizen

Sharon Olds Rites of Passage

**Julie Sheehan, Hate Poem

Edna St. Vincent Millay Second Fig

Thomas Hardy The Workbox


William Blake The Chimney Sweeper

William Stafford At the Un-National Monument Along the Canadian Border

Richard Lovelace To Lucasta

Wilfred Owen Dulce et Decorum Est

Writing Effectively

Wilfred Owen on Writing War Poetry

14 Words

William Carlos Williams This Is Just to Say


Marianne Moore Silence

Robert Graves Down, Wanton, Down!

John Donne Batter my heart, three-personed God, for You

The Value of a Dictionary

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Aftermath

** Kay Ryan Mockingbird

J. V. Cunningham Friend, on this scaffold Thomas More lies dead

** Samuel Menashe Bread

Carl Sandburg Grass

Word Choice and Word Order

Robert Herrick Upon Julia’s Clothes

Thomas Hardy The Ruined Maid

Wendy Cope Lonely Hearts


E. E. Cummings anyone lived in a pretty how town

Billy Collins The Names

Anonymous Carnation Milk

Gina Valdés English con Salsa

Lewis Carroll Jabberwocky

Writing Effectively

Lewis Carroll Humpty Dumpty Explicates “Jabberwocky”

15 Saying and Suggesting

William Blake London

Wallace Stevens Disillusionment of Ten O’Clock

** Gwendolyn Brooks The Bean Eaters

E. E. Cummings next to of course god america i

Robert Frost Fire and Ice

Diane Thiel The Minefield

** H.D. Storm

Alfred, Lord Tennyson Tears, Idle Tears

Richard Wilbur Love Calls Us to the Things of This World

Writing Effectively

Richard Wilbur on Writing Concerning “Love Calls Us to the Things of This World”

16 Imagery

Ezra Pound In a Station of the Metro

Taniguchi Buson The piercing chill I feel


T. S. Eliot The winter evening settles down

Theodore Roethke Root Cellar

Elizabeth Bishop The Fish

Emily Dickinson A Route of Evanescence

Jean Toomer Reapers

Gerard Manley Hopkins Pied Beauty

About Haiku

Arakida Moritake The falling flower

Matsuo Basho Heat-lightning streak

Matsuo Basho In the old stone pool

Taniguchi Buson On the one-ton temple bell

Taniguchi Buson Moonrise on mudflats

Kobayashi Issa only one guy

Kobayashi Issa Cricket

Haiku from Japanese Internment Camps

** Suiko Matsushita Rain shower from mountain

** Suiko Matsushita Cosmos in bloom

** Hakuro Wada Even the croaking of frogs

** Neiji Ozawa The war–this year

Contemporary Haiku

Etheridge Knight Making jazz swing in

** Gary Snyder After weeks of watching the roof leak

** Adelle Foley Learning to Shave

** Garry Gay Hole in the ozone

For Review and Further Study

John Keats Bright star! would I were steadfast as thou art

Walt Whitman The Runner

**H.D. Oread

William Carlos Williams El Hombre

Robert Bly Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter

Stevie Smith Not Waving but Drowning

Writing Effectively

Ezra Pound on Writing The Image

17 Figures of Speech

Alfred, Lord Tennyson The Eagle

William Shakespeare Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Howard Moss Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?

Metaphor and Simile

Emily Dickinson My Life had stood — a Loaded Gun

Alfred, Lord Tennyson Flower in the Crannied Wall

William Blake To see a world in a grain of sand

Sylvia Plath Metaphors

N. Scott Momaday Simile

Jill Alexander Essbaum The Heart

Craig Raine A Martian Sends a Postcard Home

Other Figures of Speech

James Stephens The Wind

Robinson Jeffers Hands

Margaret Atwood You fit into me

Dana Gioia Money

Carl Sandburg Fog

For Review and Further Study

Robert Frost The Silken Tent

Jane Kenyon The Suitor

Robert Frost The Secret Sits

A. R. Ammons Coward

Kay Ryan Turtle

**Emily Brontë Love and Friendship

Robert Burns Oh, my love is like a red, red rose

Writing Effectively

Robert Frost on Writing The Importance of Poetic Metaphor

18 Song

Ben Jonson To Celia

James Weldon Johnson Sence You Went Away

** William Shakespeare Fear no more the heat o’ the sun

Edwin Arlington Robinson Richard Cory

Paul Simon Richard Cory


Anonymous Bonny Barbara Allan

Dudley Randall Ballad of Birmingham


Bessie Smith with Clarence Williams Jailhouse Blues

W. H. Auden Funeral Blues


** Bob Dylan The Times They Are a-Changin’

Aimee Mann Deathly

Writing Effectively

** Bob Dylan on Writing TBD: Excerpt from Dylan’s Chronicles

19 Sound

William Butler Yeats Who Goes with Fergus?

William Wordsworth A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal

Aphra Behn When maidens are young

Alliteration and Assonance

A. E. Housman Eight O’Clock

James Joyce All day I hear

Alfred, Lord Tennyson The splendor falls on castle walls


William Cole On my boat on Lake Cayuga

Hilaire Belloc The Hippopotamus

**Bob Kaufman No More Jazz at Alcatraz

William Butler Yeats Leda and the Swan

Gerard Manley Hopkins God’s Grandeur

Robert Frost Desert Places

Reading and Hearing Poem Aloud

Michael Stillman In Memoriam John Coltrane

Kevin Young Doo Wop

T. S. Eliot Virginia

Writing Effectively

T. S. Eliot on Writing The Music of Poetry

20 Rhythm

Stresses and Pauses

Gwendolyn Brooks We Real Cool

Alfred, Lord Tennyson Break, Break, Break

Dorothy Parker Résumé


Edna St. Vincent Millay Counting-out Rhyme

A. E. Housman When I was one-and-twenty

William Carlos Williams Smell!

Walt Whitman Beat! Beat! Drums!

** David Mason Song of the Powers

Langston Hughes Dream Boogie

Writing Effectively

Gwendolyn Brooks on Writing Hearing “We Real Cool”

21 Closed Form

Formal Patterns

John Keats This living hand, now warm and capable

Robert Graves Counting the Beats

John Donne Song (“Go and catch a falling star”)

The Sonnet

William Shakespeare Let me not to the marriage of true minds

Edna St. Vincent Millay What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why

Robert Frost Acquainted with the Night

A. E. Stallings Sine Qua Non

**Amit Majmudar Rites to Allay the Dead

R. S. Gwynn Shakespearean Sonnet

The Epigram

Sir John Harrington Of Treason

** Langston Hughes Two Somewhat Different Epigrams

** Dorothy Parker The Actress

** Poetweets

** Lawrence Bridges Two Poetweets

** Robert Pinsky Low Pay Piecework

Other Forms

Dylan Thomas Do not go gentle into that good night

Robert Bridges Triolet

Elizabeth Bishop Sestina

Writing Effectively

A. E. Stallings on Writing On Form and Artifice

22 Open Form

Denise Levertov Ancient Stairway

Free Verse

E. E. Cummings Buffalo Bill ’s

** W. S. Merwin For the Anniversary of My Death

William Carlos Williams The Dance

** Stephen Crane The Wayfarer

Walt Whitman Cavalry Crossing a Ford

Wallace Stevens Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird

Prose Poetry

** Charles Simic The Magic Study of Happiness

Visual Poetry

George Herbert Easter Wings

John Hollander Swan and Shadow

For Review and Further Study

E. E. Cummings in Just-

** Francisco X. Alarcón Frontera / Border

Carole Satyamurti I Shall Paint My Nails Red

** Alice Fulton What I Like

Writing Effectively

Walt Whitman on Writing The Poetry of the Future

23 Symbol

T. S. Eliot The Boston Evening Transcript

Emily Dickinson The Lightning is a yellow Fork

Identifying Symbols

Thomas Hardy Neutral Tones


Matthew :— The Parable of the Good Seed

** George Herbert Redemption

Robert Frost The Road Not Taken

** Antonio Machado The Traveler

Christina Rossetti Uphill


** William Carlos Williams The Young Housewife

** Ted Kooser Carrie

Mary Oliver Wild Geese

** Tami Haaland Lipstick

Lorine Niedecker Popcorn-can cover

Wallace Stevens The Snow Man

Wallace Stevens Anecdote of the Jar

Writing Effectively

William Butler Yeats on Writing Poetic Symbols

24 Myth and Narrative

Origins of Myth

Robert Frost Nothing Gold Can Stay

William Wordsworth The world is too much with us

H. D. Helen

** Edgar Allan Poe To Helen


Louise Bogan Medusa

John Keats La Belle Dame sans Merci

Personal Myth

William Butler Yeats The Second Coming

Myth and Popular Culture

A. E. Stallings First Love: A Quiz

Anne Sexton Cinderella

Writing Effectively

Anne Sexton on Writing Transforming Fairy Tales

25 Poetry and Personal Identity

Confessional Poetry

Sylvia Plath Lady Lazarus

Identity Poetics

Rhina Espaillat Bilingual/Bilingüe

Culture, Race, and Ethnicity

Claude McKay America

**Shirley Geok-lin Lim Riding Into California

Judith Ortiz Cofer Quiñceañera

Yusef Komunyakaa Facing It


**Carolyn Kizer Bitch

**Rafael Campo For J. W.

Donald Justice Men at Forty

Adrienne Rich Women


**Andrew Hudgins Elegy for My Father, Who Is Not Dead

**Brian Turner The Hurt Locker

Philip Larkin Aubade

Writing Effectively

Rhina Espaillat on Writing Being a Bilingual Writer

26 Poetry in Spanish: Literature of Latin America

Sor Juana Presente en que el Cariño Hace Regalo la Llaneza

Translated by Diane Thiel A Simple Gift Made Rich by Affection

Pablo Neruda Muchos Somos

Translated by Alastair Reid We Are Many

** Jorge Luis Borges On his blindness

**Translated by Robert Mezey On His Blindness

Octavio Paz Con los ojos cerrados

Translated by Eliot Weinberger With eyes closed

Frida Kahlo The Two Fridas

César Vallejo La cólera que quiebra al hombre en niños

Translated by Thomas Merton Anger

** José Emilio Pacheco Alta Traición

**Translated by Alastair Reid High Treason

** Tedi López Mills Convalecencia

**Translated by Cheryl Clark Convalescence

** Pedro Serrano Golondrinas

**Translated by Anna Crowe Swallows

Writing Effectively

Alastair Reid on Writing Translating Neruda

27 Recognizing Excellence

Anonymous O Moon, when I gaze on thy beautiful face

Emily Dickinson A Dying Tiger — moaned for Drink


Rod McKuen Thoughts on Capital Punishment

William Stafford Traveling Through the Dark

Recognizing Excellence

William Butler Yeats Sailing to Byzantium

Arthur Guiterman On the Vanity of Earthly Greatness

Percy Bysshe Shelley Ozymandias

**Robert Hayden Frederick Douglass

Elizabeth Bishop One Art

**John Keats Ode to a Nightingale

Walt Whitman O Captain! My Captain!

Dylan Thomas In My Craft or Sullen Art

Paul Laurence Dunbar We Wear the Mask

Emma Lazarus The New Colossus

Edgar Allan Poe Annabel Lee

Writing Effectively

Edgar Allan Poe on Writing A Long Poem Does Not Exist

28 What Is Poetry?

**Archibald MacLeish Ars Poetica

29 Two Critical Casebooks:
Emily Dickinson and Langston Hughes

Emily Dickinson

Success is counted sweetest

**I Taste a Liquor Never Brewed

Wild Nights — Wild Nights!

I Felt a Funeral, in my Brain

I’m Nobody! Who are you?

The Soul selects her own Society

After great pain, a formal feeling comes

Much Madness is divinest Sense

This is my letter to the World

I heard a Fly buzz — when I died

Because I could not stop for Death

Tell all the Truth but tell it slant

Emily Dickinson on Emily Dickinson

Recognizing Poetry


Critics on Emily Dickinson

Thomas H. Johnson The Discovery of Emily Dickinson’s Manuscripts

Richard Wilbur The Three Privations of Emily Dickinson

Cynthia Griffin Wolff Dickinson and Death (A Reading of “Because I could not stop for Death”)

Judith Farr A Reading of “My Life had stood — a Loaded Gun”

Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar The Freedom of Emily Dickinson

Langston Hughes

The Negro Speaks of Rivers

My People

Mother to Son

Dream Variations

I, Too

The Weary Blues

**Song for a Dark Girl

Ballad of the Landlord

Theme for English B

**Nightmare Boogie

Harlem [Dream Deferred]


Langston Hughes on Langston Hughes

The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain

The Harlem Renaissance

Critics on Langston Hughes

Arnold Rampersad Hughes as an Experimentalist

Rita Dove and Marilyn Nelson Langston Hughes and Harlem

Darryl Pinckney Black Identity in Langston Hughes

Onwuchekwa Jemie A Reading of “Dream Deferred”

30 Critical Casebook: T. S. Eliot’s “The Love Song
of J. Alfred Prufrock”

T. S. Eliot

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

T. S. Eliot on Writing

Poetry and Emotion

The Objective Correlative

Critics on “Prufrock”

Denis Donoghue One of the Irrefutable Poets

Philip R. Headings The Pronouns in the Poem: “One,” “You,” and “I”

Maud Ellmann Will There Be Time?

31 Poems for Further Reading

Aaron Abeyta thirteen ways of looking at a tortilla

Anonymous Lord Randall

Matthew Arnold Dover Beach

John Ashbery At North Farm

Margaret Atwood Siren Song

W. H. Auden As I Walked Out One Evening

W. H. Auden Musée des Beaux Arts

Elizabeth Bishop Filling Station

William Blake The Tyger

William Blake The Sick Rose

Gwendolyn Brooks The Mother

Gwendolyn Brooks The Rites for Cousin Vit

Elizabeth Barrett Browning How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways

Robert Browning Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister

Charles Bukowski Dostoevsky

**Lorna Dee Cervantes Cannery Town in August

Samuel Taylor Coleridge Kubla Khan

Billy Collins Care and Feeding

Hart Crane My Grandmother’s Love Letters

E. E. Cummings somewhere i have never travelled,gladly beyond

Marisa de los Santos Perfect Dress

John Donne Death be not proud

John Donne The Flea

John Donne A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning

Rita Dove Daystar

T. S. Eliot Journey of the Magi

Robert Frost Birches

Robert Frost Mending Wall

Robert Frost Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

Allen Ginsberg A Supermarket in California

Thomas Hardy The Convergence of the Twain

Thomas Hardy The Darkling Thrush

Seamus Heaney Digging

George Herbert Love

Robert Herrick To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time

Gerard Manley Hopkins Spring and Fall

Gerard Manley Hopkins The Windhover

A. E. Housman Loveliest of trees, the cherry now

A. E. Housman To an Athlete Dying Young

Randall Jarrell The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner

** Robinson Jeffers Rock and Hawk

Ha Jin Missed Time

Ben Jonson On My First Son

Donald Justice On the Death of Friends in Childhood

John Keats Ode on a Grecian Urn

John Keats When I have fears that I may cease to be

John Keats To Autumn

**Ted Kooser Abandoned Farmhouse

Philip Larkin Home is so Sad

Philip Larkin Poetry of Departures

D. H. Lawrence Piano

** Denise Levertov O Taste and See

Shirley Geok-lin Lim Learning to Love America

Li Po Translated by Arthur Waley Drinking Alone by Moonlight

Robert Lowell Skunk Hour

Andrew Marvell To His Coy Mistress

Edna St. Vincent Millay Recuerdo

John Milton When I consider how my light is spent

Marianne Moore Poetry

Marilyn Nelson A Strange Beautiful Woman

Sharon Olds The One Girl at the Boys’ Party

Wilfred Owen Anthem for Doomed Youth

Sylvia Plath Daddy

Alexander Pope A little Learning is a dang’rous Thing

Ezra Pound The River-Merchant’s Wife: A Letter

Henry Reed Naming of Parts

Adrienne Rich Living in Sin

Edwin Arlington Robinson Miniver Cheevy

Theodore Roethke Elegy for Jane

William Shakespeare That time of year thou mayst in me behold

**William Shakespeare When to the sessions of sweet silent thought

William Shakespeare My mistress’ eyes are nothing likethe sun

Charles Simic The Butcher Shop

William Stafford The Farm on the Great Plains

Wallace Stevens The Emperor of Ice-Cream

Alfred, Lord Tennyson Ulysses

Dylan Thomas Fern Hill

John Updike Ex-Basketball Player

** Derek Walcott Sea Grapes

** Edmund Waller Go, Lovely Rose

Walt Whitman from Song of the Open Road

Walt Whitman I Hear America Singing

Richard Wilbur The Writer

William Carlos Williams Spring and All

** William Carlos Williams Queen-Anne’s-Lace

William Wordsworth Composed upon Westminster Bridge

James Wright Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio

Mary Sidney Wroth In this strange labyrinth

William Butler Yeats Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop

William Butler Yeats The Magi

William Butler Yeats When You Are Old


A Conversation with David Ives

32 Reading a Play

Susan Glaspell Trifles

Writing Effectively

Susan Glaspell on Writing Creating Trifles

33 Modes of Drama: Tragedy and Comedy

Christopher Marlowe Scene From Doctor Faustus (Act 2, Scene 1)


**David Ives Sure Thing

Writing Effectively

David Ives on Writing On the one-act play

34 Critical Casebook: Sophocles

Sophocles Oedipus the King (Translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald)

Critics on Sophocles

Aristotle Defining Tragedy

Sigmund Freud The Destiny of Oedipus

E. R. Dodds On Misunderstanding Oedipus

A. E. Haigh The Irony of Sophocles

David Wiles The Chorus as Democrat

Writing Effectively

Robert Fitzgerald Translating Sophocles into English

35 Critical Casebook: Shakespeare

William Shakespeare Othello, the Moor of Venice

Critics on Shakespeare

Anthony Burgess An Asian Culture Looks at Shakespeare

W. H. Auden Iago as a Triumphant Villain

Maud Bodkin Lucifer in Shakespeare’s Othello

Virginia Mason Vaughan Black and White in Othello

Clare Asquith Shakespeare’s Language as a Hidden Political Code

Writing Effectively

Ben Jonson on Writing On His Friend and Rival William Shakespeare

36 The Modern Theater

Henrik Ibsen A Doll’s House (Translated by R. Farquharson Sharp, Revised by Viktoria Michelsen)

Henrik Ibsen on Writing Correspondence on the Final Scene of A Doll’s House

Tennessee Williams The Glass Menagerie

Tennessee Williams on Writing How to Stage The Glass Menagerie

**Milcha Sanchez-Scott The Cuban Swimmer

**Milcha Sanchez-Scott on Writing Writing The Cuban Swimmer

Anna Deavere Smith Scenes from Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992

Anna Deavere Smith on Writing A Call to the Community

37 Plays for Further Reading

David Henry Hwang The Sound of a Voice

David Henry Hwang on Writing Multicultural Theater

** Edward Bok Lee El Santo Americano

** Edward Bok Lee on Writing On Being a Korean American Writer

**Jane Martin Beauty

August Wilson Fences 1996

August Wilson on Writing A Look into Black America


38 Writing About Literature

Robert Frost Nothing Gold Can Stay

**Anonymous (after a poem by Jerrold H. Zar) A Little Poem Regarding Computer Spell Checkers

39 Writing About a Story

40 Writing About a Poem

Robert Frost Design

Abbie Huston Evans Wing-Spread

Robert Frost In White

41 Writing About a Play

42 Writing a Research Paper

Reference Guide for Citations

43 Writing an Essay Exam

44 Critical Approaches to Literature

Formalist Criticism

Robert Langbaum On Robert Browning’s “My Last Duchess”

Biographical Criticism

Brett C. Millier On Elizabeth Bishop’s “One Art”

Historical Criticism

** Kathryn Lee Seidel The Economics of Zora Neale Hurston’s “Sweat”

Psychological Criticism

Gretchen Schulz and R. J. R. Rockwood Fairy Tale Motifs in “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

Mythological Criticism

Edmond Volpe Myth in Faulkner’s “Barn Burning”

Sociological Criticism

Alfred Kazin Walt Whitman and Abraham Lincoln

Gender Criticism

** Nina Pelikan Straus Transformations in The Metamorphosis

Reader-Response Criticism

Stanley Fish An Eskimo “A Rose for Emily”

Deconstructionist Criticism

** Geoffrey Hartman On Wordsworth’s “A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal”

Cultural Studies

Camille Paglia A Reading of William Blake’s “The Chimney Sweeper”

Glossary of Literary Terms

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Literature 3.9 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 7 reviews.
vernVF More than 1 year ago
Great collect of great short stories, poetry an plaies.
Lizzy720 More than 1 year ago
Did not get the book in a timely manner took way longer than I expected and the book was used but it was in terrible condition the book is almost falling apart and has scribbles throughout (not taking about highlighting which I would expect). I would not recommend or buy from this seller ever again!!
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Guest More than 1 year ago
I bought this book for Intro to Literature, and it is by far the most enjoyable textbook I have encountered. It is stuffed with over 2200 thin pages. Dont be intimidated by the size,most of the selections are short stories and poems, and wow are they good. There are so many different styles of writing, so many truly thought provoking and entertaining selections, it never gets dull like many textbooks do. I read it in my spare time, too. (which is a big compliment, I barely ever read for fun, lol)