Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis / Edition 2

Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis / Edition 2

by William Andrefsky, Jr, Jr. Andrefsky, Andrefsky Jr. William
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0521849764

ISBN-13: 9780521849760

Pub. Date: 12/08/2005

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology is a series of reference handbooks designed for an international audience of upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, and professional archaeologists and archaeological scientists in universities, museums, research laboratories and field units. Each book includes a survey of current archaeological practice alongside essential

Overview

Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology is a series of reference handbooks designed for an international audience of upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, and professional archaeologists and archaeological scientists in universities, museums, research laboratories and field units. Each book includes a survey of current archaeological practice alongside essential reference material on contemporary techniques and methodology.

Lithics, the practice of stone artifact analysis, has undergone many changes in recent years with the development of new techniques of analysis and the re-assessment of older techniques. This book is a fully updated and revised edition of William Andrefsky Jr.'s ground-breaking manual on lithic analysis. Designed for students and professional archaeologists, this highly illustrated book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording, and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris. Introducing the reader to lithic raw materials, classification, terminology, and key concepts, it comprehensively explores methods and techniques, presenting detailed case studies of lithic analysis from around the world. It examines new emerging techniques, such as the advances being made in lithic debitage analysis and lithic tool analysis, and includes a new section on stone tool functional studies. An extensive and expanded glossary makes this book an invaluable reference for archaeologists at all levels.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521849760
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/08/2005
Series:
Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology Series
Edition description:
Revised
Pages:
326
Product dimensions:
6.85(w) x 9.72(h) x 0.94(d)

Table of Contents

List of figuresxii
List of tablesxvi
Prefacexix
Preface to second editionxxi
Acknowledgmentsxxiii
1A brief introduction to lithic analysis1
The organization of the book1
Early historical development3
A perspective on microwear5
The truth about replication7
2Basics of stone tool production11
Basic terminology12
Fracture mechanics24
Stone tool morphological dynamics30
Summary38
3Lithic raw materials41
A brief review of geochemical techniques43
Rock genesis46
Igneous rocks47
Sedimentary rocks50
Metamorphic rocks56
Summary59
4Getting started in lithic analysis: identification and classification61
Attributes and attribute states62
Types and typologies66
A basic chipped stone typology74
Summary84
5Flake debitage attributes86
Debitage condition and termination87
Debitage striking platforms89
Debitage size98
Debitage dorsal cortex103
Debitage curvature109
Summary111
6Approaches to debitage analysis113
Typological analysis of debitage114
Aggregate analysis of debitage131
Dissecting debitage assemblages140
Summary141
7Approaches to stone tool analysis143
Core analysis144
Flake tool analysis160
Biface analysis177
Tool function195
Summary199
8Artifact diversity and site function201
Artifact types and function202
Site function models210
Summary221
9Lithic analysis and prehistoric sedentism224
Sedentism and archaeology224
Sedentism in North America227
Occupation duration and the Mousterian of west-central Italy231
Raw-material qualities and relative sedentism235
Summary243
10Conclusion245
Glossary252
References263
Index296

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