Lobbying and Policy Change: Who Wins, Who Loses, and Why

Lobbying and Policy Change: Who Wins, Who Loses, and Why

by Frank R. Baumgartner, Jeffrey M. Berry, Beth L. Leech, David C. Kimball
     
 

Washington lobbies are far less influential than political rhetoric suggests. In fact, sixty percent of recent lobbying campaigns failed to change policy despite millions of dollars spent trying. Lobbying and Policy Change explains why.

Drawing on their comprehensive examination of nearly one hundred issues, the authors find that resources explain less than five

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Overview

Washington lobbies are far less influential than political rhetoric suggests. In fact, sixty percent of recent lobbying campaigns failed to change policy despite millions of dollars spent trying. Lobbying and Policy Change explains why.

Drawing on their comprehensive examination of nearly one hundred issues, the authors find that resources explain less than five percent of the difference between successful and unsuccessful efforts. Moreover, they show, these attempts must overcome an entrenched Washington system with a tremendous bias in favor of the status quo.

Though elected officials and existing policies carry more weight, lobbies have an impact too, and when advocates for a given issue finally succeed, policy tends to change significantly. The authors argue, however, that the lobbying community so strongly reflects elite interests that it will not fundamentally alter the balance of power unless its makeup shifts dramatically in favor of average Americans' concerns.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226039459
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
06/30/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
360
Sales rank:
603,124
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.80(d)

Meet the Author

Frank R. Baumgartner is the Bruce R. Miller and Dean D. LaVigne Professor of Political Science at Penn State University. Jeffrey M. Berry is the John Richard Skuse Professor of Political Science at Tufts University. Marie Hojnacki is associate professor of political science at Penn State University. David C. Kimball is associate professor of political science at the University of Missouri–St. Louis. Beth L. Leech is associate professor of political science at Rutgers University.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures vii

Acknowledgments xi

Chapter 1 Advocacy, Public Policy, and Policy Change 1

Chapter 2 Incrementalism and the Status Quo 29

Chapter 3 Structure or Chaos? 46

Chapter 4 Opposition and Obstacles 68

Chapter 5 Partisanship and Elections 90

Chapter 6 Strategic Choices 110

Chapter 7 Arguments 129

Chapter 8 Tactics 149

Chapter 9 Washington: The Real No-Spin Zone 166

Chapter 10 Does Money Buy Public Policy? 190

Chapter 11 Policy Outcomes 215

Chapter 12 Rethinking Policy Change 239

Methodological Appendix 261

Notes 303

Index 327

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