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The ten essays in Local Religion in Colonial Mexico provide information about the religious culture in colonial Mexico. Carlos Eire's essay begins the study with the meaning of "popular religion" in colonial Mexico. Antonio Rubial García looks at the use of icons.
Martin Austin Nesvig's essay discusses Tlatelolco, a city near Tenochtitlan and the site of Mexico's college for Indian education where the Indians studied classical Latin, Spanish grammar, and Catholic theology in preparation for the priesthood. William Taylor's writing uses an eighteenth-century Franciscan friar to demonstrate that priests transferred their own religion and networks of authority, power, and knowledge into their pastoral service.
David Tavárez uses examples from Oaxaca to show seventeenth-century Zapotecs were not willing converts to Catholicism, preferring to retain the "idolatrous" beliefs of their ancestors. Edward Osowski presents the stories of two Nahua alms collectors who also served as spiritual leaders in their respective villages of colonial Mexico. Brian Larkin's essay discusses how eighteenth-century Mexico City Catholics gradually lost their belief that earthly prayers could help an individual's soul enter heaven. Nicole von Germeten tells how men of African heritage accepted the country's religious beliefs. Javier Villa-Flores analyzes the ways masters and slaves made use of Christian dogma to live with the harsh institution of slavery. The final essay, by William Christian, Jr., examines the different "Catholicisms" that exist in the world.
"As the first collection of essays on local religion in Colonial Mexico, this volume sets a high standard for the quality of its contributions and the variety of its contents. A discussion of the concept of local religion is followed by eight fascinating case studies from various regions of colonial Mexico, spanning from the mid-sixteenth to the late eighteenth centuries. The essays refer to numerous ethnic groups and cultures. Each essay represents the richness and complexity of Mexican history. William Christian, known for his work on the local religion of Spain, provides a final reflection on the topic for New Spain. This book is bound to benefit students and scholars of history and religion, and to make us think more about local religion in Mexico today."—Kevin Terraciano, Associate Professor of History, UCLA
|Ch. 1||The concept of popular religion||1|
|Ch. 2||Icons of devotion : the appropriation and use of saints in New Spain||37|
|Ch. 3||The "Indian question" and the case of Tlatelolco||63|
|Ch. 4||Between Nativitas and Mexico City : an eighteenth-century pastors local religion||91|
|Ch. 5||Autonomy, honor, and the ancestors : native local religion in seventeenth-century Oaxaca||119|
|Ch. 6||Carriers of saints : traveling alms collectors and Nahua gender roles||155|
|Ch. 7||Confraternities and community : the decline of the communal quest for salvation in eighteenth-century Mexico City||189|
|Ch. 8||Routes to respectability : confraternities and men of African descent in New Spain||215|
|Ch. 9||Voices from a living hell : slavery, death, and salvation in a Mexican obraje||235|