Logic and Philosophy: A Modern Introduction / Edition 12

Paperback (Print)
Rent from BN.com
(Save 75%)
Est. Return Date: 07/29/2015
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $100.85
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 50%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (17) from $100.85   
  • New (5) from $172.33   
  • Used (12) from $100.85   


This text is designed for readers desiring a comprehensive introduction to formal logic that is both rigorous and accessible to those encountering the subject for the first time. Abundant carefully crafted exercise sets accompanied by a clear, engaging exposition give readers a firm grasp of basic concepts, which build to an exploration of sentential logic, first-order predicate logic, the theory of descriptions, and identity. As the title suggests, this is a book devoted not merely to logic; readers will also examine the philosophical debates that led to the development of the field.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The book develops formal logic rigorously, but with an approach that students will find clear and accessible, especially with respect to the explanations of key concepts and the featured "walk-throughs" of proof techniques, etc."

"I would describe the book as a 'real logic book that is about as accessible as it gets."

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781133050001
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 1/1/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 12
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 513,764
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Alan Hausman received a Ph.D. in philosophy from Iowa State University and now teaches philosophy at Hunter College. He has published extensively on history of early modern philosophy, especially on the work of Hume, and on the work of Nelson Goodman.

Howard Kahane (deceased) is considered one of the founders of the critical-thinking movement, an approach to logic that makes it less abstract and more practical as a tool for analyzing political and social issues.

Paul Tidman received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Notre Dame. He teaches philosophy at Mount Union College in Ohio.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Preface to the Eleventh Edition. Preface to the Tenth Edition. 1. Introduction. The Elements of an Argument. Deduction and Induction. Deductive Argument Forms. Truth and Validity. Soundness. Consistency. Contexts of Discovery and Justification. The Plan of This Book. Key Terms. PART I: SENTENTIAL LOGIC. 2. Symbolizing in Sentential Logic. Atomic and Compound Sentences. Truth-Functions. Conjunctions. Non-Truth-Functional Connectives. Variables and Constants. Negations. Parentheses and Brackets. Use and Mention. Disjunctions. "Not Both" and "Neither . . . Nor". Material Conditionals. Material Biconditionals. "Only If" and "Unless". Symbolizing Complex Sentences. Alternative Sentential Logic Symbols. Key Terms. 3. Truth Tables. Computing Truth-Values. Logical Form. Tautologies, Contradictions, and Contingent Sentences. Logical Equivalences. Truth Table Test of Validity. Truth Table Test of Consistency. Validity and Consistency. The Short Truth Table Test for Invalidity. The Short Truth Table Test for Consistency. A Method of Justification for the Truth Tables. Key Terms. 4. Proofs. Argument Forms. The Method of Proof: Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens. ,Disjunctive Syllogism and Hypothetical Syllogism. Simplification and Conjunction. Addition and Constructive Dilemma. Principles of Strategy. Double Negation and DeMorgan's Theorem. Commutation, Association, and Distribution. Contraposition, Implication, and Exportation. Tautology and Equivalence. More Principles of Strategy. Common Errors in Problem Solving. Key Terms. 5. Conditional and Indirect Proofs. Conditional Proofs. Indirect Proofs. Strategy Hints for Using CP and IP. Zero-Premise Deductions. Proving Premises Inconsistent. Adding Valid Argument Forms. The Completeness and Soundness of Sentential Logic. Introduction and Elimination Rules. Key Terms. 6. Sentential Logic Truth Trees. The Sentential Logic Truth Tree Method. The Truth Tree Rules. Details of Tree Construction. Normal Forms and Trees. Constructing Tree Rules for Any Function. Key Terms. PART II: PREDICATE LOGIC. 7. Predicate Logic Symbolization. Individuals and Properties. Quantifiers and Free Variables. Universal Quantifiers. Existential Quantifiers. Basic Predicate Logic Symbolizations. The Square of Opposition. Common Pitfalls in Symbolizing with Quantifiers. Expansions. Symbolizing "Only," "None but," and "Unless". Key Terms. 8. Predicate Logic Semantics. Interpretations in Predicate Logic. Proving Invalidity. Using Expansions to Prove Invalidity. Consistency in Predicate Logic. Validity and Inconsistency in Predicate Logic. Key Terms. 9. Predicate Logic Proofs. Proving Validity. The Four Quantifier Rules. The Five Main Restrictions. Precise Formulation of the Four Quantifier Rules. Mastering the Four Quantifier Rules. Quantifier Negation. Key Term. 10. Relational Predicate Logic. Relational Predicates. Symbolizations Containing Overlapping Quantifiers. Expansions and Overlapping Quantifiers. Places and Times. Symbolizing "Someone," "Somewhere," "Sometime," and So On. Invalidity and Consistency in Relational Predicate Logic. Relational Predicate Logic Proofs. Strategy for Relational Predicate Logic Proofs. Theorems and Inconsistency in Predicate Logic. Predicate Logic Metatheory. A Simpler Set of Quantifier Rules. 11. Rationale Behind the Precise Formulation of the Four Quantifier Rules. Cases Involving the Five Major Restrictions. One-to-One Correspondence Matters. Accidentally Bound Variables and Miscellaneous Cases. Predicate Logic Proofs with Flagged Constants. 12. Predicate Logic Truth Trees. Introductory Remarks. General Features of the Method. Specific Examples of the Method. Some Advantages of the Trees. Example of an Invalid Argument with at Least One Open Path. Metatheoretic Results. Strategy and Accounting. Key Terms. 13. Identity and Philosophical Problems of Symbolic Logic. Identity. Definite Descriptions. Properties of Relations. Higher-Order Logics. Limitations of Predicate Logic. Philosophical Problems. Logical Paradoxes. Key Terms. 14. Syllogistic Logic. Categorical Propositions. Existential Import. The Square of Opposition. Conversion, Obversion, Contraposition. Syllogistic Logic—Not Assuming Existential Import. Venn Diagrams. Syllogisms. Determining Syllogism Validity. Venn Diagram Proofs of Validity or Invalidity. Five Rules for Determining Validity or Invalidity. Syllogistics Extended. Enthymemes. Sorites. Technical Restrictions and Limitations; Modern Logic and Syllogistic Logic Compared. Key Terms. Appendix A: An Alternative to Conditional Proof. Appendix B: Instantiations and Semantics. Answers to Even-Numbered Exercise Items. Bibliography. Special Symbols. Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously
Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 17, 2011

    No text was provided for this review.

Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews

If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
Why is this product inappropriate?
Comments (optional)