The Logic of Conditionals: An Application of Probability to Deductive Logic / Edition 1

The Logic of Conditionals: An Application of Probability to Deductive Logic / Edition 1

by E.W. Adams, E. W. Adams
     
 

ISBN-10: 902770631X

ISBN-13: 9789027706317

Pub. Date: 10/31/1975

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

Of the four chapters in this book, the first two discuss (albeit in consider­ ably modified form) matters previously discussed in my papers 'On the Logic of Conditionals' [1] and 'Probability and the Logic of Conditionals' [2], while the last two present essentially new material. Chapter I is relatively informal and roughly parallels the first of the above papers

Overview

Of the four chapters in this book, the first two discuss (albeit in consider­ ably modified form) matters previously discussed in my papers 'On the Logic of Conditionals' [1] and 'Probability and the Logic of Conditionals' [2], while the last two present essentially new material. Chapter I is relatively informal and roughly parallels the first of the above papers in discussing the basic ideas of a probabilistic approach to the logic of the indicative conditional, according to which these constructions do not have truth values, but they do have probabilities (equal to conditional probabilities), and the appropriate criterion of soundness for inferences involving them is that it should not be possible for all premises of the inference to be probable while the conclusion is improbable. Applying this criterion is shown to have radically different consequences from the orthodox 'material conditional' theory, not only in application to the standard 'fallacies' of the material conditional, but to many forms (e. g. , Contraposition) which have hitherto been regarded as above suspi­ cion. Many more applications are considered in Chapter I, as well as certain related theoretical matters. The chief of these, which is the most important new topic treated in Chapter I (i. e.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789027706317
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
10/31/1975
Series:
Synthese Library Series , #86
Edition description:
1975
Pages:
161
Product dimensions:
8.27(w) x 11.69(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

I. The Indicative Conditional.- II. Mathematical Theory of Probabilistic Consistency and Universal Probabilistic Soundness.- III. Motives for Wanting to Assure the Soundness of Reasoning: Truth and Probability as Desirable Attributes of Conclusions Reached in Reasoning.- IV. A Hypothesis Concerning Counterfactuals; Probability Change Aspects of Inference.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >