The Logic of Positive Engagement [NOOK Book]

Overview

Recent American foreign policy has depended heavily on the use of negative inducements to alter the behavior of other states. From public browbeating through economic sanctions to military invasion, the last several presidents have chosen to use coercion to advance U.S. interests when dealing with adversaries. In this respect, as Miroslav Nincic notes, the United States differs from many of its closest allies: Canada has long maintained diplomatic relations with Cuba, and several of the European democracies have ...

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The Logic of Positive Engagement

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Overview

Recent American foreign policy has depended heavily on the use of negative inducements to alter the behavior of other states. From public browbeating through economic sanctions to military invasion, the last several presidents have chosen to use coercion to advance U.S. interests when dealing with adversaries. In this respect, as Miroslav Nincic notes, the United States differs from many of its closest allies: Canada has long maintained diplomatic relations with Cuba, and several of the European democracies have continued diplomatic engagement with governments that the United States considers pariah regimes. In The Logic of Positive Engagement, Nincic outlines the efficacy of and the benefits that can flow from positive rather than negative engagement.

Nincic observes that threats and punishments may be gratifying in a symbolic sense, but that they haven't affected the longevity or the most objectionable policies of the regimes against which they are directed. Might positive inducements produce better results? Nincic examines two major models of positive inducements: the exchange model, in which incentives are offered in trade for altered behavior, and the catalytic model, in which incentives accumulate to provoke a thorough revision of the target's policies and priorities. He examines the record with regard to long-term U.S. relations with Cuba, Libya, and Syria, and then discusses the possibility that positive inducements might bring policy success to current relations with Iran and North Korea.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Miroslav Nincic's analysis of positive engagement is timely and important: President Obama's decision to diplomatically engage Iran, North Korea, Burma, and other states that defy international norms is a central policy concern. Nincic makes a strong clear case for the efficacy of positive engagement in addressing the varied challenges posed by these states. In doing so, he challenges the prevailing emphasis on punitive instruments in both the policy and scholarly communities."—Robert Litwak, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

"Miroslav Nincic integrates his previous work on sanctions, renegade regimes, and policy analysis to produce a powerful case for positive inducements, and a devastating critique of the academic and policy mind-sets that neglect them. This wise book brings political philosophy, social psychology, game theory, and a wide knowledge of contemporary history to move away from punishments to an agency-based focus on altering an adversary's motivations."—Bruce Russett, Dean Acheson Professor of International Politics, Yale University

"The Logic of Positive Engagement is a welcome corrective to a sanctions literature that for too long has focused its energies on the coercive use of sticks rather than the creative use of carrots. Miroslav Nincic's book provides both the conceptual tools and the careful empirical work to show the way forward."—Michael Mastanduno, Nelson A. Rockefeller Professor of Government, Dartmouth College

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801463020
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • Publication date: 7/21/2011
  • Series: Cornell Studies in Security Affairs
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 625 KB

Meet the Author

Miroslav Nincic is Professor of Political Science at UC Davis. He is the author of several books, including Renegade Regimes: Confronting Deviant Behavior in World Politics and Democracy and Foreign Policy: the Fallacy of Political Realism, and coauthor of Beyond the Ivory Tower: Scholarship and Statesmanship in International Relations.

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Table of Contents

Preface vii

1 The Failures of External Coercion 1

2 A Parallel Bias 32

3 A Framework for Analysis 58

4 Foundations of Success and Failure: Libya, Cuba, and Syria 91

5 The Challenge of North Korea and Iran 127

6 Final Thoughts 169

References 187

Index 205

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