Logic, Thought and Action / Edition 1

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Overview

This second volume in the series Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science brings a pragmatic perspective to the discussion of the unity of science.

Contemporary philosophy and cognitive science increasingly acknowledge the systematic interrelation of language, thought and action. The principal function of language is to enable speakers to communicate their intentions to others, to respond flexibly in a social context and to act cooperatively in the world. This book will contribute to our understanding of this dynamic process by clearly presenting and discussing the most important hypotheses, issues and theories in philosophical and logical study of language, thought and action. Among the fundamental issues discussed are the rationality and freedom of agents, theoretical and practical reasoning, individual and collective attitudes and actions, the nature of cooperation and communication, the construction and conditions of adequacy of scientific theories, propositional contents and their truth conditions, illocutionary force, time, aspect and presupposition in meaning, speech acts within dialogue, the dialogical approach to logic and the structure of dialogues and other language games, as well as formal methods needed in logic or artificial intelligence to account for choice, paradoxes, uncertainty and imprecision.

This volume contains major contributions by leading logicians, analytic philosophers, linguists and computer scientists. It will be of interest to graduate students and researchers from philosophy, logic, linguistics, cognitive science and artificial intelligence. There is no comparable survey in the existing literature.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 The balance of reason 27
3 Desire, deliberation and action 49
4 Two basic kinds of cooperation 79
5 Speech acts and illocutionary logic 109
6 Communication, linguistic understanding and minimal rationality in universal grammar 133
7 Truth and reference 153
8 Empirical versus theoretical existence and truth 163
9 Michel Ghins on the empirical versus the theoretical 175
10 Propositional identity, truth according to predication and strong implication 185
11 Reasoning and aspectual-temporal calculus 217
12 Presupposition, projection and transparency in attitude contexts 245
13 The limits of a logical treatment of assertion 267
14 Agents and agency in branching space-times 291
15 Attempt, success and action generation : a logical study of intentional action 315
16 Pragmatic and semiotic prerequisites for predication 343
17 On how to be a dialogician 359
18 Some games logic plays 409
19 Backward induction without tears? 433
20 On the usefulness of paraconsistent logic 465
21 Algorithms for relevant logic 479
22 Logic, randomness and cognition 497
23 From computing with numbers to computing with words - from manipulation of measurements to manipulation of perceptions 507
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