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The Long Summer: How Climate Changed Civilization
     

The Long Summer: How Climate Changed Civilization

by Brian Fagan, William Frucht
 

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ISBN-10: 0465022820

ISBN-13: 9780465022823

Pub. Date: 01/01/2005

Publisher: Basic Books

Humanity evolved in an Ice Age in which glaciers covered much of the world. But starting about 15,000 years ago, temperatures began to climb. Civilization and all of recorded history occurred in this warm period, the era known as the Holocene-the long summer of the human species. In The Long Summer, Brian Fagan brings us the first detailed record of climate

Overview

Humanity evolved in an Ice Age in which glaciers covered much of the world. But starting about 15,000 years ago, temperatures began to climb. Civilization and all of recorded history occurred in this warm period, the era known as the Holocene-the long summer of the human species. In The Long Summer, Brian Fagan brings us the first detailed record of climate change during these 15,000 years of warming, and shows how this climate change gave rise to civilization. A thousand-year chill led people in the Near East to take up the cultivation of plant foods; a catastrophic flood drove settlers to inhabit Europe; the drying of the Sahara forced its inhabitants to live along the banks of the Nile; and increased rainfall in East Africa provoked the bubonic plague. The Long Summer illuminates for the first time the centuries-long pattern of human adaptation to the demands and challenges of an ever-changing climate-challenges that are still with us today.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780465022823
Publisher:
Basic Books
Publication date:
01/01/2005
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
304
Sales rank:
569,113
Product dimensions:
5.20(w) x 7.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Author's Notexvii
1The Threshold of Vulnerability1
Part IPumps and Conveyor Belts
2The Late Ice Age Orchestra, 18,000 to 13,500 B.C.13
3The Virgin Continent, 15,000 to 11,000 B.C.35
4Europe During the Great Warming, 15,000 to 11,000 B.C.59
5The Thousand-Year Drought, 11,000 to 10,000 B.C.79
Part IIThe Centuries of Summer
6The Cataclysm, 10,000 to 4000 B.C.99
7Droughts and Cities, 6200 to 1900 B.C.127
8Gifts of the Desert, 6000 to 3100 B.C.147
Part IIIThe Distance Between Good and Bad Fortune
9The Dance of Air and Ocean, 2200 to 1200 B.C.169
10Celts and Romans, 1200 B.C. to A.D. 900189
11The Great Droughts, A.D. 1 to 1200213
12Magnificent Ruins, A.D. 1 to 1200229
Epilogue, A.D. 1200 to Modern Times247
Notes253
Acknowledgments271
Index273

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