The Longman Concise Companion / Edition 2

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Overview

The Longman Concise Companion encourages you to consider how audiences, purposes, and writing conventions differ among academic, public, and workplace communities. You are then offered concrete strategies for adapting your writing to meet varying rhetorical situations. Rather than present grammar as a set of jargon-filled rules, The Longman Concise Companion helps you learn to call upon your own experience as a reader to help you understand how grammar can communicate meaning clearly or hinder understanding.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205673667
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 2/23/2009
  • Series: English MLA Updated Books Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 576
  • Sales rank: 233,602
  • Product dimensions: 5.60 (w) x 8.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Part 1 Writing and Reading

1 Communities of Writers and Readers

a Academic, Public, and Work Communities

b Electronic Communities

2 Generating and Organizing Ideas

a Generating Ideas

b Organizing Ideas and Information

3 Purpose, Thesis, and Audience

a Identifying Your Focus and Purpose

b Creating a Thesis

c Understanding Your Readers

4 Drafting

a Moving from Planning to Drafting

b Drafting Collaboratively

5 Revising, Editing, and Proofreading

a Making Major Revisions

b Making Minor Revisions

c Revising Collaboratively

d Writing Correctly

e Editing

f Proofreading

6 Reading Critically

a Reading for Understanding

b Reading Analytically and Critically

c Using Journals to Turn Reading into Writing

7 Paragraphs

a Recognizing Unfocused Paragraphs

b Revising for Paragraph Focus

c Recognizing Incoherent Paragraphs

d Revising for Paragraph Coherence

e Recognizing Poorly Developed Paragraphs

f Revising for Paragraph Development

g Using Special-Purpose Paragraphs

Part 2 Reasoning and Presenting

8 Making Language Choices

a Choosing a Style

b Recognizing Home and Community Language Varieties

c Meeting Language Expectations

9 Reasoning Critically

a Recognizing Critical Reasoning

b Building a Chain of Reasoning

c Representing Your Reasoning

10 Writing in Online Communities

a Online Expectations

b Email Conventions

c Online Communities

d Writing for the World Wide Web

e Avoiding Plagiarism and Behaving Ethically Online

11 Designing Documents

a Goals of Document Design

b Planning a Design

c Laying Out Your Document

d Using Type

e Using Visuals

f Sample Documents

Part 3 Writing for Specific Audiences

12 Persuasive Arguments

a Recognizing Occasions for Argument

b Developing Your Stance

c Developing Reasons and Evidence

d Acknowledging Other Perspectives

e Arguing Logically

f Writing a Position Paper

13 Academic Writing Across the Curriculum

a Goals of academic writing

b Analyzing academic audiences

c General academic writing tasks

d Types of general academic writing

e Short documented paper

f Lab report

g Essay exam

h Annotated bibliography

i Literature review

j Writing in the arts and humanities

k Original or researched interpretation

l Writing in the social and natural sciences

m Research report

14 Reading and Writing About Literature

a Reading Literary Texts

b Writing About Literary Texts

c Sample Literary Analysis

15 Public Writing

a Goals of Public Writing

b Analyzing Public Audiences

c Types of Public Writing

d Public Flyer

e Letter to the Editor

f Speaking in Public Settings

16 Workplace Writing

a Goals of Workplace Writing

b Analyzing Workplace Audiences

c Understanding Workplace Writing Tasks

d Types of Workplace Writing

e Business Letter

f Memo

g Résumé and Application Letter

h Speaking in the Workplace

Part 4 Researching and Writing

17 Getting Started: Researching and Writing

a Beginning Your Research

b Types of Research Writing

c Developing a Research Question

d Developing a Preliminary Thesis

e Creating a Research File and a Timeline

f Reading and Note Taking

g Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Synthesizing

18 Library Resources and Research Databases

a Developing a Search Strategy and Working Bibliography

b Searching Library Resources and Databases

c General Resources

d Books and Online Catalogs

e Periodicals, Print or Electronic Indexes, and Government Documents

f Online Databases

g Evaluating Library Sources

19 Web and Internet Resources

a Developing a Web and Internet Search Strategy

b Search Engines

c Web Sites and Internet Resources

d Evaluating Web and Internet Sources

20 Fieldwork

a Interviewing

b Surveying, Polling, or Using Questionnaires

c Conducting an Ethnographic Study

d Obtaining Consent and Approval for Research on Human Subjects

21 Avoiding Plagiarism

a Recognizing Plagiarism

b The Problem of Intention

c Recognizing When to Document Sources

d Working with Common Knowledge

e Citing Sources Responsibly

f Citing Sources in Context

22 Integrating Sources

a Choosing Purposes for Your Sources

b Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Synthesizing

23 Writing, Revising, and Presenting Your Research

a Reviewing Your Research Questions

b Reviewing Your Purpose

c Building from a Thesis to a Draft

d Revising and Editing

e Presenting Your Research

Part 5 Documenting Sources

24 Five Serious Documentation Problems

a Wrong Kind of Citation Entry

b Missing Citation Information

c Wrong Citation Details

d Misplaced In-text Citations

e Incorrect In-text Citation Format

25 MLA Documentation Style

a MLA In-Text (Parenthetical) Citations

b MLA List of Works Cited

c Sample MLA Paper

26 APA Documentation Style

a APA In-text Citations

b APA Reference List

27 CMS Documentation Style

a Using CMS Endnotes or Footnotes

b Creating CMS Endnotes or Footnotes

c Creating a CMS Bibliography

28 CSE Documentation Style

a CSE In-text Citations

b CSE Reference List

Part 6 Editing Grammar

29 Ten Serious Errors

a Fragment

b Fused Sentence

c Unclear Pronoun Reference

d Lack of Subject-Verb Agreement

e Dangling Modifier

f Shift

g Misused or Missing Apostrophe

h Unnecessary Commas

i Missing or Misused Quotation Marks

j Double Negative

30 Words Working in Sentences

a Nouns and Articles

b Pronouns

c Verbs

d Adjectives

e Adverbs

f Prepositions

g Conjunctions

h Interjections

31 Sentence Parts and Patterns

a Subjects and Predicates

b Phrases

c Subordinate Clauses

d Different Types of Sentences

32 Using Verbs

a Simple Present and Past Tense Verbs

b Editing Present Tense Verbs

c Editing Past Tense Verbs

d Complex Tenses and Helping Verbs

e Editing Progressive and Perfect Tenses

f Editing Troublesome Verbs (lie, lay, sit, set)

g Clear Tense Sequence

h Subjunctive Mood

i Active and Passive Voice

33 Using Pronouns

a Pronoun Forms

b Editing Common Pronoun Forms

34 Making Sentence Parts Agree

a Agreement

b Creating Simple Subject-Verb Agreement

c Creating Complex Subject-Verb Agreement

d Creating Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

35 Using Adjectives and Adverbs

a What Adjectives and Adverbs Do

b Editing Adjectives and Adverbs

Part 7 Editing Sentence Problems

36 Sentence Fragments

a Sentence Fragments

b Editing Sentence Fragments

c Using Partial Sentences

37 Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

a Comma Splices

b Fused Sentences

c Editing Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

38 Creating Pronoun Reference

a Unclear Pronoun Reference

b Editing for Clear Pronoun Reference

39 Misplaced, Dangling, and Disruptive Modifiers

a Misplaced, Dangling, and Disruptive Modifiers

b Editing Misplaced, Dangling, and Disruptive Modifiers

40 Making Shifts Consistent

a Shifts in Person and Number

b Shifts in Tense and Mood

c Shifts in Active or Passive Voice

d Shifts Between Direct and Indirect Quotations

41 Mixed and Incomplete Sentences

a Mixed Sentences

b Editing Mixed Sentences

c Incomplete Sentences

42 Parallelism

a Faulty Parallelism

b Editing for Parallelism

43 Coordination and Subordination

a Creating Coordination

b Creating Subordination

c Editing Coordination and Subordination

44 Clear and Emphatic Sentences

a Unclear Sentences

b Editing for Clear Sentences

Part 8 Editing Word Choice

45 Being Concise

a Common Types of Wordiness

b Editing for Conciseness

46 Choosing Appropriate Words

a Recognizing the Demands of Context and Purpose

b Editing for Precise Diction

47 Using Respectful Language

a Editing Gender Stereotypes

b Editing Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Stereotypes

48 Building Your Language Resources

a Recognizing Your Language Resources as a Writer

b Turning to the Dictionary and the Thesaurus

Part 9 Editing Punctuation

49 Commas

a Joining Sentences

b Setting Off Sentence Elements

c Setting Off Nonessential Modifiers

d Separating Items in a Series

e Separating Adjectives in a Sequence

f Dates, Numbers, Addresses, Place Names, People’s Titles, and Letters

g Commas with Quotations

h Commas to Make Your Meaning Clear

i Eliminating Commas that Do Not Belong

50 Semicolons and Colons

a Semicolons

b Colons

51 Apostrophes

a Apostrophes that Mark Possession

b Apostrophes that Mark Contractions and Omissions

52 Marking Quotations

a Using Quotation Marks

b Titles of Short Works

c Highlighting Words, Special Terms, and Tone of Voice

53 Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Points

a Periods

b Question Marks

c Exclamation Points

54 Other Punctuation Marks

a Parentheses

b Brackets

c Dashes

d Ellipses

e Slashes

f Symbols in Electronic Addresses

g Combining Punctuation Marks

Part 10 Proofreading for Mechanics and Spelling

55 Capitalizing

a Capitalizing to Begin Sentences

b Capitalizing Proper Names and Titles

56 Italicizing (Underlining)

a Italics (Underlining) in Titles

b Italics for Specific Terms

c Underlining for Emphasis

57 Hyphenating

a Hyphenating to Join Words

b Hyphenating to Divide Words

58 Using Numbers

a Spelling Out Numbers

b Using Numerals

59 Abbreviating

a Familiar Abbreviations

b Proofreading for Appropriate Abbreviations

60 Spelling

a Starting with Your Spell Checker

b Watching for Common Patterns of Misspelling

c Proofreading for Commonly Misspelled Words

Glossary of Usage

Answers to Selected Exercises

Index

Credits

Guide to ESL Advice

Symbols for Revising and Editing

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