The Longman Writer's Companion with Exercises / Edition 4

The Longman Writer's Companion with Exercises / Edition 4

by Chris M. Anson, Robert A. Schwegler, Marcia F. Muth

ISBN-10: 0205562531

ISBN-13: 9780205562534

Pub. Date: 08/16/2007

Publisher: Longman

A comprehensive reference to grammar, writing, research, and documentation, The Longman Writer’s Companion offers a unique emphasis on how to write for different audiences — academic, workplace, and public.  No matter what you are trying to write — an essay for college, a business proposal for your boss, an

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A comprehensive reference to grammar, writing, research, and documentation, The Longman Writer’s Companion offers a unique emphasis on how to write for different audiences — academic, workplace, and public.  No matter what you are trying to write — an essay for college, a business proposal for your boss, an email memo, or a letter - The Longman Writer’s Companion will give you the help you need


Helps readers write better.


grammar, writing process, research process, how to document sources.


Anyone who wants to write better.

Product Details

Publication date:
MyCompLab Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
6.18(w) x 8.24(h) x 0.99(d)

Table of Contents

Part 1  Writing for Readers


1     Writers, Readers, and Communities

a.      Academic, Public, and Work Communities

b.      Analyzing Electronic Communities

c.      Myths and Realities about Writing


2     Discovering and Planning

a.       Discovering Topics

b.       Generating Ideas

c.       Organizing Information

d.       Planning in Digital Environments


3      Purpose, Thesis, and Audience

a.        Identifying Your Focus and Purpose

b.        Creating a Thesis

c.        Understanding Your Readers


4      Drafting

a.        Moving from Planning to Drafting

b.       Drafting Collaboratively

c.        Drafting  in Digital Environments


5      Revising, Editing, and Proofreading

a.        Making Major Revisions

b.        Making Minor Revisions

c.        Revising Collaboratively

d.        Revising in Digital Environments

e.        Editing

f.         Editing Collaboratively

g.        Proofreading


6       Paragraphs

a.         Unfocused Paragraphs

b.         Revising for Focus

c.         Incoherent Paragraphs

d.         Revising for Coherence

e.         Poorly Developed Paragraphs

f.          Revising for Development

g.         Using Special-Purpose Paragraphs


7       Clear and Emphatic Sentences

a.         Unclear Sentences

b.         Revising for  Clear Sentences

c.         Revising for Variety and Emphasis


Part 2  Critical Reading, Thinking, and Argument


8       Reasoning Critically

a.         Recognizing Critical Reasoning

b.         Building a Chain of Reasoning

c.         Representing Your Reasoning


9       Reading Critically

a.         Reading to Understand

b.         Reading to Respond and Evaluate

c.          Using Journals to Turn Reading into Writing


10     Arguing Persuasively

a.         Recognizing an Issue

b.         Developing Your Stance

c.         Creating an Argumentative Thesis

d.         Developing Reasons and Evidence

e.         Acknowledging Other Perspectives

f.          Arguing Logically

g.         Writing a Position Paper


11      Creating a Visual Argument

a.          Presenting an Issue

b.          Providing Evidence


Part 3  Presenting Your Work


12      Designing Documents

a.         Goals of Document Design

b.          Format Choice

c.         Layout

d.         Type Choice

e.         Visuals

f.          Sample Documents


13     Writing in Online Communities

a.         Online Expectations b.          E-mail Conventions

c.         Online Communities

d.         Web Pages

e.         Avoiding Plagiarism and Behaving Ethically Online


14      Speaking Effectively

a.         Oral Presentations

b.         Preparing an Oral Presentation

c.         Managing Speech Anxiety

d.         Fielding Questions


Part 4  Writing for Specific Communities


15      Academic Writing: General Education

a.          Goals of General Academic Writing

b.         General Academic Audiences

c.         General Academic Writing Tasks

d.         Types of General Academic Writing

e.         Summary

f.          Annotated Bibliography

g.         Literature Review

h.         Essay Exam

i.          Short Documented Paper

j.          Review

k.         Position Paper

l.          Oral Presentation


16     Academic Writing: Humanities and Literature

a.        Goals of Writing in the Humanities

b.         Audiences in the Humanities

c.         Writing Tasks in the Humanities

d.         Types of Writing in the Humanities

e.         Ways of Reading Literary Texts

f.           Literary Text Analysis

g.         Visual Text Analysis


17     Academic Writing: Social and Natural Sciences

a.         Goals of Writing in the Social and Natural Sciences

b.         Audiences in the Social and Natural Sciences

c.         Writing Tasks in the Social and Natural Sciences

d.         Types of Writing in the Social and Natural Sciences

e.         Abstract

f.          Informative Report

g.         Lab Report

h.          Research Report


18      Public Writing

a.         Goals of Public Writing

b.          Public Audiences

c.         Public Writing Tasks

d.         Types of Public Writing

e.         Public Flyer

f.          Letter to the Editor

g.         Oral Presentation


19     Workplace Writing

a.         Goals of Workplace Writing

b.         Workplace Audiences

c.         Workplace Writing Tasks

d.         Types of Workplace Writing

e.          Business Letter

f.           Memo

g.         Résumé and Application Letter

h.         Oral Presentation


Part 5  Researching and Writing


20     Getting Started: Researching and Writing

a.          Beginning Your Research

b.          Types of Research Writing

c.          Developing a Research Question

d.          Developing a Preliminary Thesis

e.          Creating a Research File and a Timeline

f.           Reading and Notetaking

g.          Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Synthesizing


21      Library Resources and Research Databases

a.          Developing a Search Strategy and Working Bibliography

b.          Searching Library Resources and Databases

c.           General Resources

d.           Books and Online Catalogs

e.           Periodicals, Print or Electronic Indexes, and Government Documents

f.           Online Databases

g.          Evaluating Library Sources


22      Web and Internet Resources

a.          Developing a Web and Internet Search Strategy

b.          Search Engines

c.          Web Sites and Internet Resources

d.          Evaluating Web and Internet Sources


23      Fieldwork

a.           Interviewing

b.           Surveying, Polling, or Using Questionnaires

c.          Conducting an Ethnographic Study

d.           Obtaining Consent and Approval for Research on Human Subjects


24     Avoiding Plagiarism and Integrating Sources

a.         Recognizing Plagiarism

b.        The Problem of Intention

c.         Recognizing When to Document Sources

d.        Working with Common Knowledge

e.        Citing Sources Responsibly

f.         Citing Sources in Context

g.        Integrating Sources for a Specific Purpose

h.        Quoting Sources

i.          Integrating Information and Ideas

 j.         Working with Common Knowledge



25     Writing, Revising, and Presenting Your Research

a.         Reviewing Your Research Questions

b.         Reviewing Your Purpose

c.          Building from a Thesis to a Draft

d.         Revising and Editing

e.         Presenting Your Research


Part 6  Documenting Sources: MLA Style


26      MLA Documentation Style

a.          MLA In-Text (Parenthetical) Citations

b.          MLA List of Works Cited

c.          Sample MLA Paper


Part 7  Documenting Sources: APA Style


27      APA Documentation Style

a.          APA In-Text Citations

b.         APA Reference List

c.          Sample APA Paper


Part 8  Documenting Sources: CMS and CSE Style


28    CMS Documentation Style

a.        Using CMS Endnotes or Footnotes

b.       Creating CMS Endnotes or Footnotes

c.        Creating a CMS Bibliography

d.        Sample CMS Paper


29    CSE Documentation Style

a.       CSE In-Text Citations

b.       CSE Reference List

c.        Sample CSE Paper



Part 9  Grammar


30     Words Working in Sentences

a.         Nouns and Articles

b.         Pronouns

c.         Verbs

d.         Adjectives

e.         Adverbs

f.          Prepositions

g.         Conjunctions

h.         Interjections


31     Sentence Parts and Patterns

a.         Subjects and Predicates

b.         Phrases

c.         Subordinate Clauses

d.         Different Types of Sentences


32      Using Verbs

a.          Simple Present and Past Tense Verbs

b.          Editing Present Tense Verbs

c.          Editing Past Tense Verbs

d.          Complex Tenses and Helping Verbs

e.          Editing Progressive and Perfect Tenses

f.           Editing Troublesome Verbs (lie, lay, sit, set)

g.          Clear Tense Sequence

h.          Subjunctive Mood

i.           Active and Passive Voice


33      Using Pronouns

a.          Pronoun Forms

b.          Editing Common Pronoun Forms


34      Making Sentence Parts Agree

a.           Agreement

b.           Creating Simple Subject-Verb Agreement

c.           Creating Complex Subject-Verb Agreement

d.           Creating Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement


35      Using Adjectives and Adverbs

a.          What Adjectives and Adverbs Do

b.          Editing Adjectives and Adverbs



Part 10  Sentence Problems


36     Sentence Fragments

a.         Sentence Fragments

b.        Editing Sentence Fragments

c.         Using Partial Sentences


37     Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

a.         Comma Splices

b.         Fused Sentences

c.         Editing Comma Splices and Fused Sentences


38      Creating Pronoun Reference

a.           Unclear Pronoun Reference

b.           Editing for Clear Pronoun Reference


39      Misplaced, Dangling, and Disruptive Modifiers

a.          Misplaced, Dangling, and Disruptive Modifiers

b.          Editing Misplaced, Dangling, and Disruptive Modifiers


40      Making Shifts Consistent

a.          Shifts in Person and Number

b.          Shifts in Tense and Mood

c.          Shifts in Active or Passive Voice

d.          Shifts Between Direct and Indirect Quotations


41      Mixed and Incomplete Sentences

a.          Mixed Sentences

b.          Editing Mixed Sentences

c.          Incomplete Sentences


42      Parallelism

a.          Faulty Parallelism

b.          Editing for Parallelism


43      Coordination and Subordination

a.          Creating Coordination

b.          Creating Subordination

c.           Editing Coordination and Subordination



Part 11  Words and Style


44       Being Concise

a.           Common Types of Wordiness

b.           Editing for Conciseness


45      Choosing Appropriate Words

a.           Demands of Context and Purpose

 b.          Editing for Precise Diction


46      Using Respectful Language

a.          Home and Community Language Varieties

b.         Gender Stereotypes

c.          Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Stereotypes


47      Style, Vocabulary, and Dictionaries

 a.          Style and Community

 b.          Language Expectations

 c.          Language Resources for Writers

 d.          The Dictionary and the Thesaurus



Part 12  Punctuation, Mechanics, and Spelling


48      Commas

a.          Joining Sentences

b.          Setting Off Sentence Elements

c.           Setting Off Nonessential Modifiers

d.          Separating Items in a Series

e.          Separating Adjectives in a Sequence

f.           Dates, Numbers, Addresses, Place Names, People’s Titles, and Letters

g.          Commas with Quotations

h.          Commas to Make Your Meaning Clear

i.           Eliminating Commas that Do Not Belong


49      Semicolons and Colons

a.          Semicolons

b.         Colons


50      Apostrophes

a.           Apostrophes that Mark Possession

b.          Apostrophes that Mark Contractions and Omissions


51      Marking Quotations

a.          Using Quotation Marks

b.          Titles of Short Works

c.          Highlighting Words, Special Terms, and Tone of Voice


52      Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Points

 a.         Periods

 b.         Question Marks

 c.         Exclamation Points


53      Other Punctuation Marks

a.          Parentheses

b.          Brackets

c.          Dashes

d.          Ellipses

e.          Slashes

f.           Symbols in Electronic Addresses

g.          Combining Punctuation Marks


54      Capitalizing

a.          Capitalizing to Begin Sentences

b.          Capitalizing Proper Names and Titles


55      Italicizing (Underlining)

a.          Italics (Underlining) in Titles

b.          Italics for Specific Terms

c.          Underlining for Emphasis


56      Hyphenating

a.          Hyphenating to Join Words

b.          Hyphenating to Divide Words


57      Using Numbers

a.          Spelling Out Numbers

b.          Using Numerals


58      Abbreviating

a.           Familiar Abbreviations

b.          Proofreading for Appropriate Abbreviations


59      Spelling

a.          Starting with Your Spell Checker

b.          Watching for Common Patterns of Misspelling  

c.          Proofreading for Commonly Misspelled Words


60      Assessing Writing

a.          Assessing Your Own Writing

b.          Assessing Your Peers’ Writing

c.          How People Assess your Writing

d.          Assessing Writing for Portfolios


Glossary of Usage


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