John Clute (1940- ) has lived mostly in London for many years. His first SF novel, Appleseed (2001), was a New York Times Notable Book. He has been involved in writing encyclopedias - mainly The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction - since the 1970s; they have won many awards, including five Hugos. His most original work appears in his six volumes of collected reviews and essays, which assemble more than a million words of sustained scrutiny of SF and fantastika in general. For this work he has received a 1989 Readercon Award, the 1994 Pilgrim Award, a 1997 Locus Award, the 1999 ICFA Distinguished Guest Scholar Award, and a 2012 Nebula/Solstice Award. He is a Visiting Fellow at Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge.