Looking At Philosophy: The Unbearable Heaviness of Philosophy Made Lighter / Edition 6

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More About This Textbook


Distilled from Donald Palmer’s more than thirty years of teaching experience, this text exemplifies his very successful approach to teaching introductory philosophy. Through the use of humor and nearly 400 drawings, charts, and diagrams, serious philosophical topics come alive for the reader without compromising the importance of the subject matter. In the author’s words, “This book takes philosophy seriously, but not gravely.”

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780078038266
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 6/8/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 130,036
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface iii

Introduction 1

1 The Pre-Socratic Philosophers

Sixth and Fifth Centuries B.C.E. 11

Thales 14

Anaximander 17

Anaximenes 23

Pythagoras 25

Xenophanes 28

Heraclitus 31

Parmenides 35

Zeno 37

Empedocles 40

Anaxagoras 42

Leucippus and Democritus 45

2 The Athenian Period

Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.E. 52

The Sophists 52

Protagoras 53

Gorgias 54

Thrasymachus 55

Callicles and Critias 56

Socrates 58

Plato 63

Aristotle 76

3 The Hellenistic and Roman Periods

Fourth Century B.C.E. through Fourth Century C.E. 96

Epicureanism 96

Stoicism 100

Neoplatonism 105

4 Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy

Fifth through Fifteenth Centuries 109

Saint Augustine 113

The Encyclopediasts 118

John Scotus Eriugena 120

Saint Anselm 123

Muslim and Jewish Philosophies 126

Averro&eumlet;s 128

Maimonides 129

The Problem of Faith and Reason 131

The Problem of the Universals 132

Saint Thomas Aquinas 135

William of Ockham 147

Renaissance Philosophers 151

5 Continental Rationalism and British Empiricism

The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries 160

Descartes 160

Hobbes 180

Spinoza 185

Leibniz 190

Locke 196

Berkeley 204

Hume 209

Kant 218

6 Post-Kantian British and Continental Philosophy

The Nineteenth Century 235

Hegel 235

Schopenhauer 245

Kierkegaard 254

Marx 266

Nietzsche 279

Utilitarianism 288

Bentham 288

Mill 293

Frege 296

7 Pragmatism, the Analytic Tradition, and the Phenomenological Tradition and Its Aftermath

The Twentieth Century 305

Pragmatism 305

James 306

Dewey 313

The Analytic Tradition 318

Moore 319

Russell 324

Logical Positivism 331

Wittgenstein 337


The Phenomenological Tradition and Its Aftermath 359

Husserl 359

Heidegger 363

Sartre 371

Structuralism and Poststructuralism 384

Saussure 384

Lévi-Strauss 387

Lacan 392

Derrida 398

Farewell to the Twentieth Century 402

Nussbaum 402

Glossary of Philosophical Terms 416

Selected Bibliography 433

Index 443

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