Looking for Ground: Countertransference and the Problem of Value in Psychoanalysis

Looking for Ground: Countertransference and the Problem of Value in Psychoanalysis

by Peter G. M. Carnochan
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0881633240

ISBN-13: 9780881633245

Pub. Date: 05/28/2001

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Despite a half-century of literature documenting the experience and meanings of countertransference in analytic practice, the concept remains a source of controversy. For Peter Carnochan, this can be addressed only by revisiting historical, epistemological, and moral issues intrinsic to the analytic enterprise. Looking for Ground is the first attempt to

Overview

Despite a half-century of literature documenting the experience and meanings of countertransference in analytic practice, the concept remains a source of controversy. For Peter Carnochan, this can be addressed only by revisiting historical, epistemological, and moral issues intrinsic to the analytic enterprise. Looking for Ground is the first attempt to provide a comprehensive understanding of countertransference on the basis of a contemporary reappraisal of just such foundational assumptions.

Carnochan begins by reviewing the history of the psychoanalytic encounter and how it has been accompanied by changes in the understanding of countertransference. He skillfully delineates the complexities that underlie Freud's apparent proscription of countertransference before tracing the broadening of the concept in the hands of later theorists. Part II examines the problem of epistemology in contemporary analytic practice. The answer to this apparent quandary, he holds, resides in a contemporary appreciation of affect, which, rather than merely limiting or skewing perception, forms an essential "promontory" for human knowing. The final section of Looking for Ground takes up what Carnochan terms the "moral architecture" of psychoanalysis. Rejecting the claim that analysis operates in a realm outside conventional accounts of value, he argues that the analytic alternative to traditional moralism is not tantamount to emancipation from the problem of morality.

With wide-ranging scholarship and graceful writing, Carnochan refracts the major theoretical and clinical issues at stake in contemporary psychoanalytic debates through the lens of countertransference - its history, its evolution, its philosophical ground, its moral dimensions. He shows how the examination of countertransference provides a unique and compelling window through which to apprehend and reappraise those basic claims at the heart of the psychoanalytic endeavor.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780881633245
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
05/28/2001
Series:
Relational Perspectives Book Series , #21
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsix
Prefacexi
Chapter 1Atlas's Perch1
Authenticity as Accident: The Quandary of Skillful Affectivity3
Countertransference and the History of Psychoanalytic Technique6
Accounts of Inquiry: Epistemology and the Countertransference11
The Evolution of Morality18
The Nature of Therapeutic Action27
Chapter 2Freud and the Advent of Psychoanalysis33
Prohibition of the Countertransference33
Epistemological Foundation38
Culture and Mental Illness41
Freud's Early Practice44
Freud's Early Theory53
Chapter 3Freud: Gratification, Virtue, and the Therapeutic Process67
Gratification, Motivation, and Making the Patient Work68
Gratification and Sexual Noxae75
Gratification and the Development of Freud's Technique79
Chapter 4Freud: Reality Testing and the Pleasure Principle89
Freud and the Search for the Real89
Reality Testing and Perception91
Affect and Reality Testing97
Objective Thought and the Location of the Real103
Health and the Connection to Reality106
Restoring the Real: The Analytic Attitude and the Analysand's Connection to the Real109
The Analyst's Epistemological Process114
The Therapeutic Environment, Gratification, and Reality127
Countertransference and Analytic Objectivity134
Chapter 5The Evolution of Psychoanalytic Technique After Freud147
Freud's Unfinished Legacy (1915-1939)150
The Impact of Applied Technique (1919-1926)153
Ferenczi's Humanistic Experiment (1919-1932)159
Claims for Neutrality, the Lure of Activity (1925-1933)171
The Resurrection of Neutrality (1936-1953)178
Chapter 6The Move to Modernity183
The Changing Patient Population (1890-1975)183
Ego Psychology, Object Relations Theory, and Interpersonal Psychoanalysis (1925-1960)186
Motivation, Drives, and Relationship188
Trauma and Choice192
Reality and Creativity197
Complications and Overlapping Ideas201
Health as a Skill (1919-1960)204
Therapeutic Action (1950-1999)207
The Reemergence of the Countertransference (1942-1960)208
The Rehabilitation of the Countertransference (1947-1999)211
Chapter 7Knowing and Analysis223
The Death of Objectivism225
The Untenability of Objectivism231
The Shape of Knowing238
Affect and Knowing240
The Skill Theory of Affect250
Validation and Objectivity260
Chapter 8Verification and Disclosure275
Countertransference and Epistemology276
The Use of the Countertransference280
The Role of Disclosure285
Knowing and Maturity290
Chapter 9Stillness and Provision Theories of Virtue in Psychoanalytic Practice293
The Moral Evolution of Psychoanalysis296
Foundations for Virtue298
Drive and the Limits of Transcendent Accounts of Virtue299
Schafer's Attempt to Rehabilitate Drive Theory302
Natural Virtue and the Faith in Innocence320
Chapter 10Constructed Virtue The Architecture of Psychoanalytic Morality327
The Activity of Health, the Structure of Suffering334
Paradox and Compassionate Vision341
Transference Reconsidered350
The Actions of Psychoanalytic Technique355
The Activity of Abstinence: Securing the Therapeutic Frame360
The Necessity of Gratification372
A Final Perspective on Countertransference390
References393
Index405

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