Looking Good: College Women and Body Image, 1875-1930

Looking Good: College Women and Body Image, 1875-1930

by Margaret A. Lowe
     
 

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Toward the end of the nineteenth century, as young women began entering college in greater numbers than ever before, physicians and social critics charged that campus life posed grave hazards to the female constitution and women's reproductive health. "A girl could study and learn," Dr. Edward Clarke warned in his widely read 1873 book Sex in Education,

Overview

Toward the end of the nineteenth century, as young women began entering college in greater numbers than ever before, physicians and social critics charged that campus life posed grave hazards to the female constitution and women's reproductive health. "A girl could study and learn," Dr. Edward Clarke warned in his widely read 1873 book Sex in Education, "but she could not do all this and retain uninjured health, and a future secure from neuralgia, uterine disease, hysteria, and other derangements of the nervous system." For half a century, ideas such as Dr. Clarke's framed the debate over a woman's place in higher education almost exclusively in terms of her body and her health.

For historian Margaret A. Lowe, this obsession offers one of the clearest expressions of the social and cultural meanings given to the female body between 1875 and 1930. At the same time, the "college girl" was a novelty that tested new ideas about feminine beauty, sexuality, and athleticism. In Looking Good, Lowe examines the ways in which college women at three quite different institutions—Cornell University, Smith College, and Spelman College—regarded their own bodies in this period. Contrasting white and black students, single-sex and coeducational schools, secular and religious environments, and Northern and Southern attitudes, Lowe draws on student diaries, letters, and publications; institutional records; and accounts in the popular press to examine the process by which new, twentieth-century ideals of the female body took hold in America.

Editorial Reviews

American Historical Review - Linda Eisenmann
Lowe has produced a creatively researched analysis that provocatively extends the meaning of the female collegiate experience into larger social arenas.

Choice
Lowe brightly illuminates a pressing subject for the first two generations of American college women: their appearance.

History of Education Quarterly - Jonna Perrillo
A compelling account of life on campus for the female 'student body' over many decades of radical change... Lowe's greatest strength is in her ability to navigate a wealth of archival sources, find fascinating elements within them, and weave these sources effortlessly into her own language and claims.

H-Women, H-Net Reviews - Sara Halprin
Lowe has compiled a collection of fascinating data on the ways U.S. college women saw themselves and were seen by others in the period from 1875 to 1930.

American Quarterly - Samantha Barbas
Lowe innovatively uses young women's diaries, letters, correspondence, and other archival 'student voices' to illustrate the distance between cultural ideals of beauty and the reality of women's lived experience.

Journal of Social History - Lois Banner
The comparative history of institutions often yields rich results, as Margaret Lowe demonstrates in her study of women's body image and behavior at three colleges—Smith, Spelman, and Cornell—between 1895 and 1930.

Nursing History Review - Cynthia Toman
Lowe uses the concepts of gender, race, and class as she explores the origins of body image through the lens of academia.

American Studies - Kathryn Nemeth Tuttle
An excellent book that advances our understanding of gender and race, and the importance of body not only on college campuses, but also in the wider society.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781421401812
Publisher:
Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date:
12/29/2010
Series:
Gender Relations in the American Experience
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
222
File size:
4 MB
Age Range:
18 Years

What People are saying about this

Beth Bailey
Margaret Lowe has taken up a fascinating topic with both care and creativity. Investigating the increasing importance of body image to college women in nineteenth- and twentieth-century America, she traces changes in social and scientific ideals of female health and beauty, notions of femininity, and women's attitudes towards their own bodies. Lowe also makes a compelling case for the critical importance of race in this process. Looking Good is well conceived, carefully researched, and clearly written and argued.

Meet the Author

Margaret A. Lowe is an associate professor of history and Project Director of the Teaching American History Grant at Bridgewater State College.

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