Loose Leaf Version for Biology / Edition 11

Loose Leaf Version for Biology / Edition 11

by Sylvia Mader, Michael Windelspecht

ISBN-10: 0077491068

ISBN-13: 9780077491062

Pub. Date: 01/10/2012

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

This laboratory manual is best known for its ability to help students develop critical and creative reasoning skills in investigating science. Dr. Mader provides step-by-step procedures and hands-on activities to help students learn the concepts of biology. This manual covers the entire field of general biology. This manual is color customizable so that…  See more details below


This laboratory manual is best known for its ability to help students develop critical and creative reasoning skills in investigating science. Dr. Mader provides step-by-step procedures and hands-on activities to help students learn the concepts of biology. This manual covers the entire field of general biology. This manual is color customizable so that instructors can build a manual to fit the way they teach their course.

Product Details

McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date:
Product dimensions:
8.90(w) x 10.80(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

The Learning Systemxii
Chapter 1A View of Life1
1.1How to Define Life2
Living Things Are Organized2
Living Things Acquire Materials and Energy3
Living Things Respond3
Living Things Reproduce and Develop4
Living Things Have Adaptations4
1.2How the Biosphere Is Organized5
Tropical Rain Forest, a Terrestrial Ecosystem6
Ecology Focus: Tropical Rain Forests: Can We Live Without Them?7
The Human Population7
1.3How Living Things Are Classified8
1.4The Process of Science9
A Field Investigation9
A Laboratory Investigation10
The Scientific Method12
Scientific Theories in Biology12
Connecting Concepts13
Reviewing the Chapter13
Testing Yourself14
Thinking Scientifically14
Bioethical Issue14
Understanding the Terms15
Web Connections15
Further Readings for Chapter One15
Part IThe Cell16
Chapter 2Basic Chemistry17
2.1Chemical Elements18
2.2Compounds and Molecules22
2.3Chemistry of Water25
Chapter 3The Chemistry of Organic Molecules33
3.1Organic Molecules34
3.5Nucleic Acids48
Chapter 4Cell Structure and Function55
4.1Cellular Level of Organization56
4.2Bacterial Cells60
4.3Eukaryotic Cells61
Chapter 5Membrane Structure and Function79
5.1Membrane Models80
5.2Plasma Membrane Structure and Function81
5.3Permeability of the Plasma Membrane84
5.4Modification of Cell Surfaces92
Chapter 6Metabolism: Energy and Enzymes97
6.2Metabolic Reactions and Energy Transformations100
6.3Metabolic Pathways and Enzymes102
6.4Metabolic Pathways and Oxidation-Reduction106
Chapter 7Photosynthesis111
7.1Solar Energy112
7.2Structure and Function of Chloroplasts114
7.3Solar Energy Capture116
7.4Carbohydrate Synthesis119
Chapter 8Cellular Respiration127
8.1Cellular Respiration128
8.2Outside the Mitochondria: Glycolysis130
8.3Inside the Mitochondria132
8.5Metabolic Pool139
Chapter 9Cellular Reproduction and the Cell Cycle143
9.1How Prokaryotic Cells Divide144
9.2How Eukaryotic Cells Divide145
9.3How Eukaryotic Cells Cycle150
9.4How Cancer Develops152
Part IIGenetic Basis of Life158
Chapter 10Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction159
10.1Halving the Chromosome Number160
10.2Genetic Recombination162
10.3The Phases of Meiosis164
10.4Comparison of Meiosis with Mitosis166
10.5The Human Life Cycle168
Chapter 11Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance173
11.1Gregor Mendel174
11.2Monohybrid Inheritance176
11.3Dihybrid Inheritance181
Chapter 12Chromosomes and Genes187
12.1Mendelism and the Genotype188
12.2Mendelism and the Chromosomes192
12.3Chromosomal Mutations196
Chapter 13Human Genetics201
13.1Inheritance of Chromosomes202
13.2Autosomal Genetic Disorders207
13.3Sex-Linked Genetic Disorders214
Chapter 14DNA Structure and Functions219
14.1The Genetic Material220
14.2The Structure of DNA223
14.3Replication of DNA226
Chapter 15Gene Activity: How Genes Work233
15.1The Function of Genes234
15.2The Genetic Code237
15.3The First Step: Transcription238
15.4The Second Step: Translation240
Chapter 16Genome Organization and Regulation of Gene Activity247
16.1Prokaryotic Regulation248
16.2Eukaryotic Regulation251
16.3Genetic Mutations258
Chapter 17Biotechnology265
17.1Cloning of a Gene266
17.2Biotechnology Products270
17.3The Human Genome Project274
17.4Gene Therapy275
Part IIIEvolution280
Chapter 18Darwin and Evolution281
18.1History of the Theory of Evolution282
18.2Darwin's Theory of Evolution285
18.3Evidence for Evolution292
Chapter 19Process of Evolution301
19.1Evolution in a Genetic Context302
19.2Natural Selection306
Chapter 20Origin and History of Life319
20.1Origin of Life320
20.2History of Life324
20.3Factors That Influence Evolution334
Chapter 21Human Evolution341
21.1Humans Are Primates342
21.2Evolution of Australopithecines348
21.3Evolution of Humans351
Part IVBehavior and Ecology360
Chapter 22Animal Behavior361
22.1Behavior Has a Genetic Basis362
22.2Behavior Undergoes Development364
22.3Behavior Is Adaptive366
22.4Animal Societies370
22.5Sociobiology and Animal Behavior372
Chapter 23Ecology of Populations377
23.1Scope of Ecology378
23.2Characteristics of Populations380
23.3Regulation of Population Size386
23.4Life History Patterns390
23.5Human Population Growth393
Chapter 24Community Ecology399
24.1Concept of the Community400
24.2Structure of the Community403
24.3Community Development414
24.4Community Biodiversity416
Chapter 25Ecosystems and Human Interferences421
25.1The Nature of Ecosystems422
25.2Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycling424
25.3Global Biogeochemical Cycles428
Chapter 26The Biosphere441
26.1Climate and the Biosphere442
26.2Biomes of the World445
26.3Terrestrial Biomes447
26.4Aquatic Biomes455
Chapter 27Conservation Biology469
27.1Conservation Biology and Biodiversity470
27.2Value of Biodiversity472
27.3Causes of Extinction476
27.4Conservation Techniques480
Part VDiversity of Life488
Chapter 28Classification of Living Things489
28.2Phylogenetic Trees494
28.3Systematics Today498
28.4Classification Systems501
Chapter 29Viruses, Bacteria, and Archaea507
29.1The Viruses508
29.2The Prokaryotes513
29.3The Bacteria517
29.4The Archaea519
Chapter 30The Protists525
30.1General Biology of the Protists526
30.2Diversity of the Protists528
Chapter 31The Fungi543
31.1Characteristics of Fungi544
31.2Classification of Fungi546
31.3Symbiotic Relationships of Fungi553
Chapter 32The Plants557
32.1Classification of Plants558
32.2Nonvascular Plants559
32.3Vascular Plants562
32.4Ferns and Allies564
Chapter 33Animals: Introduction to Invertebrates579
33.1Classification of Animals580
33.3Two Tissue Layers584
33.4Bilateral Symmetry588
33.5A Pseudocoelom592
Chapter 34Animals: The Protostomes597
34.1A Coelom598
Chapter 35Animals: The Deuterostomes617
Part VIPlant Structure and Function640
Chapter 36Plant Structure641
36.1Plant Organs642
36.2Monocot Versus Dicot Plants644
36.3Plant Tissues645
36.4Organization of Roots648
36.5Organization of Stems652
36.6Organization of Leaves658
Chapter 37Nutrition and Transport in Plants665
37.1Plant Nutrition and Soil666
37.2Uptake of Water and Minerals670
37.3Transport Mechanisms in Plants672
Chapter 38Control of Plant Growth and Response683
38.1Plant Responses684
38.2Plant Hormones688
Chapter 39Reproduction in Plants699
39.1Life Cycle of Flowering Plants700
39.2Development of the Embryo707
39.3Fruits and Seeds708
39.4Asexual Reproduction in Plants712
Part VIIAnimal Structure and Function722
Chapter 40Animal Organization and Homeostasis723
40.1Types of Tissues724
40.2Organs and Organ Systems730
Chapter 41Circulation739
41.1Transport in Invertebrates740
41.2Transport in Vertebrates742
41.3Transport in Humans744
41.4Cardiovascular Disorders750
41.5Blood, a Transport Medium753
Chapter 42Lymph Transport and Immunity759
42.1Lymphatic System760
42.2Nonspecific Defenses762
42.3Specific Defenses764
42.4Immunity in Other Animals772
42.5Induced Immunity772
42.6Immunity Side Effects774
Chapter 43Digestion and Nutrition781
43.1Digestive Tracts782
43.2Human Digestive Tract785
Chapter 44Respiration797
44.1Gas Exchange Surfaces798
44.2Human Respiratory System802
44.3Respiration and Health806
Chapter 45Body Fluid Regulation and Excretion811
45.1Body Fluid Regulation812
45.2Nitrogenous Waste Products814
45.3Organs of Excretion815
45.4Urinary System in Humans816
Chapter 46Neurons and Nervous Systems825
46.1Evolution of the Nervous System826
46.2Nervous Tissue829
46.3Peripheral Nervous System834
46.4Central Nervous System: Brain and Spinal Cord838
Chapter 47Sense Organs847
47.1Chemical Senses848
47.2Sense of Vision850
47.3Sense of Hearing and Balance856
Chapter 48Support Systems and Locomotion863
48.1Diversity of Skeletons864
48.2The Human Skeletal System866
48.3The Human Muscular System873
Chapter 49Hormones and Endocrine Systems881
49.1Chemical Signals882
49.2Human Endocrine System885
Chapter 50Reproduction901
50.1How Animals Reproduce902
50.2Male Reproductive System904
50.3Female Reproductive System908
50.4Control of Reproduction912
Chapter 51DevelopmentRead More

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