Looseleaf For Adolescence / Edition 9

Looseleaf For Adolescence / Edition 9

by Laurence Steinberg
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0077468872

ISBN-13: 2900077468872

Pub. Date: 08/03/2010

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

The subject of ethics in criminal justice has become more important over the last decade as increasing concern about the accountability of law enforcement and public authorities has prompted ethical questions regarding the actions of those who exercise power over citizens. Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice provides an overview of the expected

Overview

The subject of ethics in criminal justice has become more important over the last decade as increasing concern about the accountability of law enforcement and public authorities has prompted ethical questions regarding the actions of those who exercise power over citizens. Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice provides an overview of the expected standards of behavior and ethical issues that confront those in the various fields of criminal justice.

This book takes a sociological approach to criminal justice ethics by emphasizing the social and historical aspects of ethical inquiry. Author Cyndi Banks presents a unique discussion of ethical issues by exploring moral dilemmas faced by professionals in the criminal justice system before examining the major theoretical foundations of ethics. This distinct organization of Criminal Justice Ethics allows readers to understand real-life ethical issues before grappling with philosophical approaches to the resolution of those issues.

Key Features

Covers the interaction of ethics and the criminal justice system in Part I to lay a practical foundation for applying theoretical methods to the resolution of ethical dilemmas and issues

Presents real life case studies that connect ethical theories to moral dilemmas and issues facing criminal justice professionals today

Offers an innovative approach to criminal justice policy making by providing a framework that analyzes morality in the policy making process

Reviews the codes of ethics for criminal justice professionals that establish the requisite standards of behavior in the different fields of criminaljustice

Discusses Rawls's theory of justice and the feminist ethic of care, topics not thoroughly addressed in other texts on the subject of criminal justice ethics

Criminal Justice Ethics is an up-to-date, comprehensive textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying ethics in criminal justice. The book is also relevant for many ethics courses in philosophy, sociology, and law and society.



To read a sample chapter from Criminal Justice Ethics click on "Additional Materials" in the left column under "About This Book" or simply click here .

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900077468872
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date:
08/03/2010

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Part IThe Interaction Between Ethics and the Criminal Justice System1
1.The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice3
The Meaning of Ethics3
The Value of Ethics3
Normative Ethics7
Ethical Relativism7
Cultural Relativsm7
Ethical Absolutism8
Ethical Pluralism9
Religion and Ethical Standards10
Conduct Is Right Because God Commands It10
God Commands Right Conduct Because It Is Right11
Ethics and Natural Law11
Ethics and Law11
Ethical Dilemmas12
Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice15
Summary16
Discussion Questions17
2.Ethics and the Police19
Ethics and Policing19
The Nature of Policing20
Police as an Institution21
Police Culture21
Police Discretion25
Ethics and Codes of Ethics26
Police Use of Force29
Dirty Harry/Dirty Hands33
Police Corruption34
Conditions Contributing to Police Corruption35
Drugs and Corruption37
"Slippery Slope"38
Consequences of Corruption38
Combating Corruption38
Whistle-Blowing39
Discrimination as Corruption41
Ethical Issues in Investigation, Interrogation, and Custody45
Rights of Suspects45
Privacy46
Entrapment46
Deception47
Lying49
Explanations for Police Corruption50
Summary52
Discussion Questions52
3.Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System57
Ethical Background57
Historical Context58
Is There Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System?59
Police Encounters With Citizens and Police Arrest61
Bail61
Jury Selection61
Conviction and Sentencing64
Imprisonment Disparities66
Death Penalty Disparities67
Hate Crimes67
Explanations for Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System68
Summary72
Discussion Questions72
4.Lawyers and Ethics77
Legal Ethics: Historical Context77
The Nature of Professional Ethics79
The Principle of Partisanship79
The Principle of Neutrality79
The Lawyer-Client Relationship81
Confidentiality82
Client Perjury82
Client Crime83
Defense Lawyers84
1.Is It Ethically Proper to Represent a Client Accused of a Criminal Offense When the Lawyer Knows the Client Is Guilty?85
2.Is It Ethically Proper to Cross-Examine a Witness With the Aim of Discrediting His or Her Credibility or Reliability When the Lawyer Knows the Witness Is Telling the Truth?86
3.Is It Ethically Proper to Have a Witness Give Testimony When the Lawyer Knows That the Witness Will Commit Perjury?87
The Prosecutor88
The Duty to Ensure Justice Is Done88
Discretion to Bring Charges89
Prosecution Disclosure of Evidence to the Defense91
Plea Negotiations91
Prosecutorial Misconduct93
Judicial Ethics96
Ethical Rules Governing Judges98
Summary99
Discussion Questions99
5.The Purpose of Criminal Punishment103
What Is Punishment?103
Theoretical Approaches to Punishment104
Why Punish? The Philosophical Approach105
Deterrence106
Retribution109
Just Deserts113
Reconciling Utilitarian and Retributive Theories115
Rehabilitation116
Incapacitation117
Restorative Justice118
Why Punish? The Sociological Approach120
Summary123
Discussion Questions124
6.Ethics in Corrections127
The Prison Explosion127
Maximum Security Conditions128
Women's Incarceration130
Medium Security130
Minimum Security130
Stateville Prison: The Changing State of Corrections131
Guarding Ethically134
The Experience of Guarding137
Corruption of Authority138
Power and Authority in Prison: Controlling the Inmates139
The Battle for Compliance140
Evaluating Guards141
Rewards and Punishments141
Enforcing Rule Violations142
Informal Controls143
Guarding With Discretion144
The Gray Wall of Silence: Prison Guard Subculture145
Subculture and Socialization145
Guard Types148
Use of Force149
The Court's View of Correctional Officer Use of Force155
Correctional Policy on the Use of Force156
Prisoner "Power"156
Unethical Situations157
Rape in Prison157
Corruption158
Whistle-Blowing in Corrections161
Ethical Considerations in Probation and Parole162
Arming Probation Officers164
Treatment or Control?165
Parole165
Summary166
Discussion Questions167
7.The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy Making171
The Ethics of Policy Making171
Morality Policy174
Public Opinion About Punishment176
Mandatory Minimum Sentencing178
The "War on Drugs"181
Truth in Sentencing182
Predators and Superpredators183
Sexual Predators183
Superpredators185
Capital Punishment186
Public Opinion on Capital Punishment188
Private Prisons192
Summary196
Discussion Questions198
Part IIThe Application of Ethical Theories to the Criminal Justice System203
8.Duty and Principle209
Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives210
The Principle of Universality210
Respect for All Persons212
Kingdom of Ends213
Conflicts of Duties Between Rules214
Applying Deontological Theory: A Case Study215
Summary218
Discussion Questions219
9.Considering the Consequences221
Pleasure and Happiness223
Act Consequentialism223
Rule Consequentialism224
Public Policy and Utilitarianism224
Arguments Criticizing Utilitarianism225
Applying Utilitarian Theory: A Case Study229
Summary233
Discussion Questions234
10.The Importance of Character235
Virtues237
Aristotle and Happiness239
The Golden Mean240
Practical Wisdom240
What's Wrong With Virtue241
Applying Virtue Theory: A Case Study245
Summary248
Discussion Questions249
11.Egoism, Pleasure, and Indifference251
Stoicism251
Hedonism253
Ethical Egoism254
Applying the Theory of Ethical Egoism: A Case Study256
Summary259
Discussion Questions260
12.A Sense of Justice261
Application of the Principles262
Justice as Fairness264
Moral Development264
Applying Rawlsian Theory265
Summary267
Discussion Questions268
13.Caring for Others269
Kohlberg and Gilligan269
A Theory of Moral Development270
"In a Different Voice": Carol Gilligan270
Gender and the Ethic of Care272
An Ethic of Care274
Developing the Ethic of Care275
The Ethic of Care and Justice277
Peacemaking278
Applying the Ethic of Care: A Case Study280
Summary284
Discussion Questions285
Index287
About the Author307

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