Los versos del capitan

Overview

La poesía de Neruda es, antes que nada, palabra. Pocas obras se han escrito, o se escribirán, en nuestra lengua, con un lujo verbal tan asombroso como las dos primeras Residencias o como algunos pasajes del Canto general. Nadie como Neruda para lograr un insólito centelleo poético mediante el simple acoplamiento de sustantivos y un adjetivo que antes jamás habían sido aproximados. Por supuesto que en la obra de Neruda hay también sensibilidad, actitudes, compromiso, emoción, pero (aún cuando el poeta no siempre ...
See more details below
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (7) from $10.04   
  • New (6) from $10.04   
  • Used (1) from $13.94   
Sending request ...

Overview

La poesía de Neruda es, antes que nada, palabra. Pocas obras se han escrito, o se escribirán, en nuestra lengua, con un lujo verbal tan asombroso como las dos primeras Residencias o como algunos pasajes del Canto general. Nadie como Neruda para lograr un insólito centelleo poético mediante el simple acoplamiento de sustantivos y un adjetivo que antes jamás habían sido aproximados. Por supuesto que en la obra de Neruda hay también sensibilidad, actitudes, compromiso, emoción, pero (aún cuando el poeta no siempre lo quiera así) todo parece estar al noble servicio de su verbo. La sensibilidad humana, por amplia que sea, pasa en su poesía casi inadvertida ante la mas angosta sensibilidad del lenguaje; las actitudes y compromisos políticos, por detonantes que parezcan, ceden en importancia ante la actitud y compromiso artísticos que el poeta asume frente a cada palabra y cada uno de sus encuentros y desencuentros. Y así con la emoción y con el resto. A esta altura no sé qué es mas creador en los divulgadísimos Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada: si las distintas estancias de amor que le sirven de contexto, o la formidable capacidad para hallar un original lenguaje destinado a cantar ese amor.
Así y todo, de los varios libros sobre temas de amor, escritos y publicados por Neruda entre 1924 y 1959, Los versos del Capitán es seguramente el más espontáneo, el más diáfano, y asimismo el más vinculado a la naturaleza, el que mejor funde sus palabras con las raíces de la tierra : "te vi salir mirandome, / desde las torturadas ,/ y sedientas raíces". También es posible que esa asunción tan directa y conmovedora del tema del amor, se deba en parte al anonimato que rodea la primera aparición del libro. Como nunca antes ni tampoco después, el poeta se siente libre y para nada restringido por el prejuicio ante lo melancólico ni temeroso de caer en la cursilería : "Bella, / tus senos son como dos panes hechos ,/ de tierra cereal y luna de oro".
Por algo estos poemas de amor no traen consigo "una canción desesperada". Más bien entonan una alegría de vivir : "Y somos juntos la mayor riqueza / que jamas se reunió sobre la tierra". No obstante, esa exaltación verbal no esconde una vanidad hueca ni apila las cenizas de lo fácil. Hay una sencillez que no es adorno ni artificio : "no solo el fuego entre nosotros arde, / sino toda la vida, / la simple historia, /el simple amor / de una mujer y un hombre / parecidos a todos".

En los Veinte poemas de amor el protagonista era sobre todo la metáfora: el amor estaba al servicio de la imagen. En Los versos del Capitán, en cambio, la imagen está al servicio del amor. En los Veinte poemas los rostros y cuerpos de mujeres desfilan como seductores espejismos, como hermosas visiones, como facsimiles de la realidad. En Los versos del Capitán, en cambio la realidad es una : sobria, sencilla, conmovedora. El rostro y el cuerpo son de una sola mujer y el enamoramiento también es de alma a alma. Cuando el anonimato pierde al fin su razón de ser, el personaje adquire su luminoso y verdadero nombre : Matilde Urrutia.

Quién es esa musa inspiradora, tercera mujer del poeta? El mismo Pablo la define : "Mi mujer es provinciana como yo. Nació en una ciudad del Sur, Chillán, famosa en lo feliz por su cerámica campesina y en la desdicha por sus terribles terremotos". Y en otra confesión, expresa y comprime su cándida, entrañable reseña : "Eres del pobre Sur, de donde viene mi alma: en su cielo tu madre sigue lavando ropa / con mi madre. Por eso te escogí, compañera".

Como se ve, son varios y decisivos los factores (literarios, biográficos, eróticos) que hacen de esa obra única uno de los textos amorosos que ayer, hoy y mañana, suelen emerger de las bibliotecas para reconciliarnos con el mundo. - MARIO BENEDETTI

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781495242700
  • Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Publication date: 1/18/2014
  • Language: Spanish
  • Pages: 120
  • Sales rank: 663,575
  • Product dimensions: 5.00 (w) x 8.00 (h) x 0.28 (d)

Meet the Author

Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda
When presenting the legendary Chilean poet Pablo Neruda with the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971, Karl Ragnar Gierow of the Swedish Academy proclaimed, "Neruda is like catching a condor with a butterfly net. Neruda, in a nutshell, is an unreasonable proposition: the kernel bursts the shell."

Biography

Pablo Neruda (1904-1973), whose real name is Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto, was born on 12 July, 1904, in the town of Parral in Chile. His father was a railway employee and his mother, who died shortly after his birth, a teacher. Some years later his father, who had then moved to the town of Temuco, remarried Doña Trinidad Candia Malverde. The poet spent his childhood and youth in Temuco, where he also got to know Gabriela Mistral, head of the girls' secondary school, who took a liking to him. At the early age of thirteen he began to contribute some articles to the daily "La Mañana," among them, Entusiasmo y Perseverancia -- his first publication -- and his first poem. In 1920, he became a contributor to the literary journal "Selva Austral" under the pen name of Pablo Neruda, which he adopted in memory of the Czechoslovak poet Jan Neruda (1834-1891). Some of the poems Neruda wrote at that time are to be found in his first published book: Crepusculario (1923). The following year saw the publication of Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada, one of his best-known and most translated works. Alongside his literary activities, Neruda studied French and pedagogy at the University of Chile in Santiago.

Between 1927 and 1935, the government put him in charge of a number of honorary consulships, which took him to Burma, Ceylon, Java, Singapore, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, and Madrid. His poetic production during that difficult period included, among other works, the collection of esoteric surrealistic poems, Residencia en la tierra (1933), which marked his literary breakthrough.

The Spanish Civil War and the murder of García Lorca, whom Neruda knew, affected him strongly and made him join the Republican movement, first in Spain, and later in France, where he started working on his collection of poems España en el corazón (1937). The same year he returned to his native country, to which he had been recalled, and his poetry during the following period was characterized by an orientation towards political and social matters. España en el corazón had a great impact by virtue of its being printed in the middle of the front during the civil war.

In 1939, Neruda was appointed consul for the Spanish emigration, residing in Paris, and, shortly afterwards, consul general in Mexico, where he rewrote his "Canto general de Chile," transforming it into an epic poem about the whole South American continent, its nature, its people and its historical destiny. This work, entitled Canto general, was published in Mexico 1950, and also underground in Chile. It consists of approximately 250 poems brought together into fifteen literary cycles and constitutes the central part of Neruda's production. Shortly after its publication, Canto general was translated into some ten languages. Nearly all these poems were created in a difficult situation, when Neruda was living abroad.

In 1943, Neruda returned to Chile, and in 1945 he was elected senator of the Republic, also joining the Communist Party of Chile. Due to his protests against President González Videla's repressive policy against striking miners in 1947, he had to live underground in his own country for two years until he managed to leave in 1949. After living in different European countries he returned home in 1952. A great deal of what he published during that period bears the stamp of his political activities; one example is Las uvas y el viento (1954), which can be regarded as the diary of Neruda's exile. In Odas elementales (1954-1959) his message is expanded into a more extensive description of the world, where the objects of the hymns -- things, events and relations -- are duly presented in alphabetic form.

Neruda's production is exceptionally extensive. For example, his Obras completas, constantly republished, comprised 459 pages in 1951; in 1962 the number of pages was 1,925, and in 1968 it amounted to 3,237, in two volumes. Among his works of the last few years can be mentioned Cien sonetos de amor (1959), which includes poems dedicated to his wife, Matilde Urrutia, Memorial de Isla Negra, a poetic work of an autobiographic character in five volumes, published on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday, Arte de pajáros (1966), La Barcarola (1967), the play Fulgor y muerte de Joaquín Murieta (1967), Las manos del día (1968), Fin del mundo (1969), Las piedras del cielo (1970), and La espada encendida.

Pablo Neruda died in 1973.

© The Nobel Foundation 1971

Good To Know

Always a political activist, Neruda was an anarchist for a time, but joined the Communist Party of Chile in 1945. He actually ran for president of Chile but eventually left the race to support Salvador Allende.

He had three wives throughout his lifetime: Mar a Antonieta Hagenaar, Delia de Carril, and Matilde Urrutia. He married Mar in 1930, but they divorced in 1936. He lived with Carril from the 1930s until they divorced in 1955 (they married in 1943). In 1966, he married Urrutia.

Neruda owned three homes in Chile that are open today as museums: "La Chascona" in Santiago, "La Sebastiana" in Valpara, and "Casa de Isla Negra" in Isla Negra, where he and his third wife, Matilde Urrutia, are buried.

Read More Show Less
    1. Also Known As:
      Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (real name)
    1. Date of Birth:
      July 12, 1904
    2. Place of Birth:
      Parral, Chile
    1. Date of Death:
      September 23, 1973
    2. Place of Death:
      Santiago, Chile

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)