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Two eminent psychoanalysts discuss the instinctual sources of emotion in normal adults.
This book is something new in psychoanalytical exposition—both in its subject matter and its form of presentation. It attempts to convey, in everyday language understandable to the layman, some of the unconscious mental processes which underlie the feelings and action of normal, adult men and women.
The characteristic feature of human psychology is the intense and continual interplay of the impulses of love on the one hand and hatred and agression on the other. Joan Riviere opens this joint study with an analysis of hate, greed, and aggression, and in the second section Melanie Klein talks about the forces of love, guilt, and reparation. Tracing the impulses in question back to their origins in infancy, the authors point out many features of adult mental life which evidence the persistence of earlier modes of thinking. Then they discuss some of the "infinitely various, subtle and complicated adaptations" by means of which each individual tries, all his life, to keep a balance between the life-brining and the destructive elements of his nature in order to achieve the maximum of security and gratification.
I. Hate, Greed and Aggression
....By Joan Riviere
Aggression 4, Projection 11, Distribution 16, Rejection 17, Depreciation and Contempt 19, Envy 25, Greed 26, Delusional Hate 28, Envy of the Other Sex 30, Rivalry 36, Love of Power 38, Jealousy 41, Conscience, Morality and Love 45.
II. Love, Guilt and Reparation
....By Melanie Klein
The Emotional Situation of the Baby 58, Unconscious Sense of Guilt 62, Love and Conflicts in Relation to the Parents 63, Love, Guilt and Reparation 65, Indentification and Making Reparation 66, A Happy Love Relationship 69, Parenthood 76, 81, Difficulties in Family Relationships 82, Choice of Love Partner 87, Achieving Independence 90, Relationships in School Life 94, Relationships in Adolescence 96, The Development of Friendships 98, Friendships in Adult Life 99, Wider Aspects of Love 103, Sense of Guilt, Love and Creativeness 107, The Relationship to Ourselves and to Others 110.
(The two parts of this book are based on public lectures delivered under the auspices of the Institute of Psycho-Analysis in March 1936, at the Caxton Hall, Westminster, under the general title of 'The Emotional Life of Civilized Men and Women.')