Low Back Disorders: Evidence-Based Prevention and Rehabilitation / Edition 1

Low Back Disorders: Evidence-Based Prevention and Rehabilitation / Edition 1

by Stuart McGill
     
 

ISBN-10: 0736042415

ISBN-13: 9780736042413

Pub. Date: 01/28/2002

Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers

Low Back Disorders: Evidence-Based Prevention and Rehabilitation provides professionals with the foundation to make the best clinical decisions for building the best prevention and rehabilitation programs. The author's unique research results quantify forces that specific movements and exercises impose on the low back. The text identifies commonly prescribed

Overview

Low Back Disorders: Evidence-Based Prevention and Rehabilitation provides professionals with the foundation to make the best clinical decisions for building the best prevention and rehabilitation programs. The author's unique research results quantify forces that specific movements and exercises impose on the low back. The text identifies commonly prescribed practices that are, in fact, contraindicated in promoting back health. Additionally, it provides appropriate strategies to offset injuries and restore function. Low Back Disorders will build your understanding of the science behind appropriate practices so that you can use them effectively with clients and patients.

The book presents a clear exposition of back anatomy and biomechanics. It also provides the evidence to dispel myths regarding spine stabilization exercise and various prevention approaches. For example, the quantification of stability will show which muscles are important and which exercises groove motor patterns to ensure spine stability. With Low Back Disorders, you will

  • gain valuable information on measured loading of the back during specific activities and apply it to avoid common-but counterproductive-practices in back rehab;
  • learn how to analyze patients' and clients' unique physical characteristics and lifestyle factors and tailor treatments and preventive measures to their individual needs;
  • learn how to help patients and clients achieve the low back stability required to prevent future damage; and
  • acquire the information necessary to prescribe effective exercises clearly and easily.

Low Back Disorders is well organized and easy to understand. Part 1 provides a solid foundation on how the back works and how the back becomes injured. Part 2 shows you how to use this foundation to build evidence-based prevention programs by assessing risks, creating ergonomic interventions, and training personnel. Part 3 focuses on improving rehabilitation techniques, and specifically, quantification of spine stability to determine which exercises are important for spine stability for each person.

The text offers practical guidelines for developing optimal exercise regimens and over 40 tests and exercises for diagnosis and prevention, carefully selected or developed based on measured biomechanical factors. Low Back Disorders addresses in detail the ergonomic issues related to manual materials handling and injuries associated with seated work and sport, and throughout the book it reinforces their application in functional activities.


About the Author

Stuart McGill, PhD, is a professor at the University of Waterloo in, Ontario, Canada and an internationally recognized lecturer and expert in spine function and injury prevention and rehabilitation. He has written more than 200 scientific publications that address lumbar function, low back injury mechanisms, investigation of tissue loading during rehabilitation programs, and the formulation of work-related injury avoidance strategies. He has received several awards for his work, including the Volvo Bioengineering Award for Low Back Pain Research from Sweden. Dr. McGill has been an invited lecturer at many universities and delivered more than 200 addresses to societies around the world. As a consultant, he has provided expertise on assessment and reduction of the risk of low back injury to government agencies, corporations, professional athletes and teams, and legal firms. He is one of the few scientists who consults and to whom patients are regularly referred.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780736042413
Publisher:
Human Kinetics Publishers
Publication date:
01/28/2002
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
312
Product dimensions:
8.20(w) x 11.40(h) x 0.76(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Why and How You Should Read This Book
Part I: The Scientific Foundation
Chapter 1. Introduction to the Issues
Legislative Landscape: Unfortunate Adverse Impact on Bad Backs
Deficiencies in Current Low Back Disorder Diagnostic Practices
Inadequacies in Current Care for Low Back Disorders
Mechanical Loading and the Process of Injury: A Low Back Tissue Injury
Primer
A Final Note
References
Chapter 2. Scientific Approach Unique to This Book
In-Vitro Lab
In-Vivo Lab
References
Chapter 3. Epidemiological Studies on Low Back Disorders (LBDs) Multidimensional Links Among Biomechanical, Psychosocial, and Personal Variables How Do Biomechanical Factors Affect LBD?
What Are the Links Between Personal Factors and LBD?
What the Evidence Supports
References
Chapter 4. Functional Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine
The Vertebrae
Intervertebral Disc
Muscles
Ligaments
Lumbodorsal Fascia
Clinically Relevant Aspects of Pain and Anatomic Structure
A Final Note
References
Chapter 5. Normal and Injury Mechanics of the Lumbar Spine
Kinematic Properties of the Thoraco-Lumbar Spine
Kinetics and Normal Lumbar Spine Mechanics
Dubious Lifting Mechanisms
Other Important Mechanisms of Normal Spine Mechanics
Injury Mechanisms
Biomechanical and Physiological Changes Following Injury
References
Chapter 6. Lumbar Spine Stability
Stability: A Qualitative Analogy
Quantitative Foundation of Stability
Stability Myths, Facts, and Clinical Implications
References
Part II: Injury Prevention
Chapter 7. LBD Risk Assessment
NIOSH Approach to Risk Assessment
Snook/Psychophysical Approach
Lumbar Motion Monitor (LMM)
4D WATBAK
Biological Signal-Driven Model Approaches
The Challenge Before Us
References
Chapter 8. Reducing the Risk at Work
Lessons From the Literature
LBD Prevention for Workers
LBD Prevention for Employers
Injury Prevention Primer
References
Chapter 9. Reducing the Risk in Athletes-Guidelines
Reducing the Risk in Athletes
What Coaches Need to Know
References
Chapter 10. The Question of Back Belts
Issues of Back Belts
Scientific Studies
Summary of Prescription Guidelines
References
Part III: Low Back Rehabilitation
Chapter 11. Building Better Rehabilitation Programs for Low Back Injuries
Finding the Best Approach
Three Stages of Patient Progression
Guidelines for Developing the Best Exercise Regimen
References
Chapter 12. Evaluating the Patient
First Clinician-Patient Meeting
Specific Tests
References
Chapter 13. Developing the Exercise Program
Preliminary Matters
Exercises for Training the Stabilizing Muscles
Beginner's Program for Stabilization
References
Chapter 14. Advanced Exercises
Safely Increasing Challenges
Occupational and Athletic Work Hardening
Looking Forward
References
List of Tests and Exercises
Flexor Endurance Test
Lateral Musculature Test
Back Extensors Test
Manual Testing for Lumbar Joint Shear Stability
Challenged Breathing Test
McKenzie Posture Test
Sitting Slump Test
Fajersztain Test
Hip Flexion and Rotation Tests
Flossing
Curl-Up, Beginner's
Isometric Exercises for the Neck
Curl-Up, Intermediate
Curl-Up, Advanced
Side Bridges, Remedial
Side Bridge, Beginner's
Side Bridge, Intermediate
Side Bridge, Intermediate Variation
Side Bridge, Advanced
Birddog, Remedial
Birddog, Beginner's
Birddog, Intermediate
Birddog, Advanced
Curl-Up, Highest Level
Side Bridge, Highest Level
Birddog, Highest Level
Advanced Exercises for Back Strength and Endurance
Establishing Spine Stability in Elevated Breathing
Training for Torsional Capacity
Special Prescription for Those Whose Back Is Worse With Sitting and Then
Have Trouble Standing
Star Exercises
Appendix
Glossary
Index
About the Author

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