Low Temperature Chemistry of the Atmosphere

Overview

Presented here are authoritative and up-to-date assessments of the homogenous and heterogenous chemical and physical processes occuring in the troposphere and stratosphere, especially during the "ozone hole" event. The book begins with an overview of atmospheric chemistry, followed by reviews of relevant homogenous reactions in the gas phase and the microphysics and physical chemistry of heterogenous processes that occur on, or in aerosols, rain and ice. Low temperature laboratory studies are compared with ...

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Overview

Presented here are authoritative and up-to-date assessments of the homogenous and heterogenous chemical and physical processes occuring in the troposphere and stratosphere, especially during the "ozone hole" event. The book begins with an overview of atmospheric chemistry, followed by reviews of relevant homogenous reactions in the gas phase and the microphysics and physical chemistry of heterogenous processes that occur on, or in aerosols, rain and ice. Low temperature laboratory studies are compared with related fieldwork measurements, particularly in relation to the formation and composition of polar stratospheric clouds. Also discussed are measurements in glacial ice. Finally chemical modelling of the troposphere and stratosphere, including heterogenous processes, is reviewed.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783540581116
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
  • Publication date: 8/28/1994
  • Series: NATO ASI Series
  • Pages: 544

Table of Contents

Preface
Atmospheric Chemistry: Introduction 1
The Elements of Stratospheric and Tropospheric Chemistry 21
Clouds, Rain and Aerosols 49
Gas Phase Homogeneous Kinetics 69
Laboratory Kinetics at Low Temperature 93
Atmospheric Photochemistry and Spectroscopy 111
Nucleation Processes in the Atmosphere 147
Aqueous Solution Chemistry 175
Phase Diagrams 197
Surface Chemistry 219
Heterogeneous Chemistry and Kinetics 235
Laboratory Studies of Heterogeneous Reactions 263
Chemistry in Sulfate Aerosols 287
Surface Spectroscopy 307
Spectroscopic Studies of PSCs 329
Matrix Isolation Spectroscopy: Technique and Applications 351
Photochemistry in and on Low Temperature Solid Materials 373
Cryogenic Sampling Techniques 389
Ice Core Chemistry: Implications for our Past Atmosphere 421
Trends in Global Distribution of Trace Gases Inferred from Polar Ice Cores 447
Global Tropospheric Chemistry 465
Modelling the Chemistry and Micro-Physics of the Cold Stratosphere 499
Index 531
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