Loyalties in Conflict: A Canadian Borderland in War and Rebellion, 1812-1840

Loyalties in Conflict: A Canadian Borderland in War and Rebellion, 1812-1840

by John Little
     
 

ISBN-10: 0802095259

ISBN-13: 9780802095251

Pub. Date: 06/28/2008

Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division

Despite their strategic location on the American border, the townships of Lower Canada have been largely ignored in studies of the War of 1812 and the Rebellions of 1837-38. Originally settled by Loyalists from New York, and followed by much larger numbers of land seekers from New England, this was a potentially volatile borderland during British-American conflicts

…  See more details below

Overview

Despite their strategic location on the American border, the townships of Lower Canada have been largely ignored in studies of the War of 1812 and the Rebellions of 1837-38. Originally settled by Loyalists from New York, and followed by much larger numbers of land seekers from New England, this was a potentially volatile borderland during British-American conflicts. J.I. Little's Loyalties in Conflict examines how the allegiance to British authority of the American-origin population within the borders of Lower Canada was tested by the War of 1812 and the Rebellions of 1837-1838.

Little argues that while loyalties were highly localized, American border raids during the war caused a defensive reaction north of the 45th parallel. The resulting sense of distinction from neighbouring Vermont, with its radical religious and political culture, did not prevent a strong regional reform movement from emerging in the eastern townships during the 1820s and 1830s. This movement undermines the argument of Quebec's nationalist historians that the political contest in Lower Canada was essentially a French-English one, but the dual threat of French-Canadian and American nationalism did ensure the border townships's loyalty to the government during the rebellions. The following years would witness the development of an increasingly conservative and distinctly Canadian cultural identity in the region.

A rigorous study of a pivotal period in North American history, Loyalties in Conflict is a fascinating account of conflicting forces in one region that, like the rest of Canada, has been largely shaped by the interaction of American and British influences, as well as French-language and English-language ones.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780802095251
Publisher:
University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division
Publication date:
06/28/2008
Series:
Canadian Social History Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 3

The War of 1812 11

The Militia Prior to the War 12

An 'exposed and defenceless situation': The Outbreak of War 18

'Delay, backwardness, and want of zeal': The Conscription Crisis 24

'Making the fur fly': Resisting American Invasion 37

'Like herds of buffalo': The Smuggling and Counterfeiting Frontier 43

'Improper communication': Policing Cross-Border Migration 49

Conclusion 54

The Rebellions of 1837-8 57

Postwar Developments 57

The Political Culture 64

'Incurably cursed with Radicalism': Prelude to Rebellion 67

'I shall die defending my home and family': Rebellion 77

'These dreadful frontiers': Post-Rebellion Conflict 96

Conclusion 100

Afterword 107

Appendix A Volunteer Corps in the Eastern Townships as of 29 December 1837 111

Appendix B List of Prisoners Confined in the Common Gaol at Sherbrooke Charged with Political Offences, 21 December 1838 113

Notes 113

Bibliography 161

Index 175

Illustrations follow page 54

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >