Mach 1 and Beyond: The Illustrated Guide to High-Speed Flight

Overview

This compelling book opens up the world of high-speed flight to readers who do not have extensive technical backgrounds. Covering both subsonic and supersonic flight, it demystifies the world of high-speed aerodynamics, flight principles, gas turbine jets, and more. You'll learn why there are no supersonic airliners, what problems confront designers of 2,000-mph aircraft, and whether or not a hypersonic, or Mach 5, airplane is likely to be built.

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Overview

This compelling book opens up the world of high-speed flight to readers who do not have extensive technical backgrounds. Covering both subsonic and supersonic flight, it demystifies the world of high-speed aerodynamics, flight principles, gas turbine jets, and more. You'll learn why there are no supersonic airliners, what problems confront designers of 2,000-mph aircraft, and whether or not a hypersonic, or Mach 5, airplane is likely to be built.

By taking a complicated subject and making it understandable, Mach 1 and Beyond opens up the compelling world of high-speed flight principles to students, kit builders, pilots, and others. Readers will find material on the gas turbine net engine, aircraft stability and control, the Supersonic Transport, and many other topics.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780070520219
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
  • Publication date: 8/1/1994
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.62 (d)

Meet the Author

Larry Reithmaier is a retired mechanical engineer who, while at Rockwell International, helped design and develop the F2H, F3, F86H, F100, F101, and F4 jet fighters, the B-1B bomber, and Apollo and Skylab spacecrafts. The author of several technical books on aviation, he also wrote the Standard Aircraft Handbook for Mechanics and Technicians, Sixth Edition; the Aviation and Space Dictionary; Mach I and Beyond; Private Pilot's Guide; and Aircraft Repair Manual.

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Table of Contents

Preface xi
1 Introduction 1
2 The atmosphere 9
The standard atmosphere 9
The real atmosphere 13
Air as fluid 15
Airspeed measurement 15
3 The basic airplane 18
4 Aerodynamic concepts for high-speed flight 26
Lift 28
Drag 29
Effects of high-speed flight 32
Speed of sound, aircraft velocity, and Mach number 33
Compressibility drag, wave drag, and transonic flight 33
Supersonic flight 42
Performance 45
Straight and level flight 45
Sonic boom 48
Hypersonic flight 49
5 The high-speed airplane at low speeds 50
Lift of a wing 50
Development of lift by a wing 55
Slowing down the high-speed airplane 65
6 The jet engine (gas turbine engine) 73
Development of the gas turbine engine 73
The basic jet engine 74
How a turbojet operates 75
Types of gas turbine engines 75
The gas turbine 76
Basic engine components and their operation 79
Compressor stall 82
Combustors 84
Turbines 84
The high-bypass turbofan engine 90
Aircraft engines for short takeoff and vertical takeoff and landing 94
Thrust reversers 96
Air inlet duct 99
Jet fuels 104
Engine instrumentation and controls 105
Typical gas turbine engines 105
7 Stability and control 110
Stability characteristics 112
8 Trade-offs for design 121
Compressibility 121
Typical supersonic flow patterns 125
Airfoil sections in supersonic flow 130
Configuration effects 134
Characteristics of transonic flight 137
Characteristics of supersonic flight 138
Transonic and supersonic configurations 139
Aerodynamic heating 157
9 Supersonic transports 160
High-speed civil transport 165
Conclusion 170
10 Beyond supersonic toward hypersonic flight 171
Lifting bodies--the shape of hypersonics 172
Propulsion systems 174
Temperature environment 175
Materials selection criteria 176
Structural design requirements 179
Interior environment requirements 179
Structural concepts 180
Structural configuration 181
National Aero Space Plane (NASP) 183
Judgment 187
11 Quest for the fuel-efficient airliner 189
Benefits of airframe-related technologies 191
Composite structures 192
Active controls/control-configured vehicles 193
Longitudinal stability augmentation 195
Aerodynamic improvements 195
Propulsion system improvements 199
Appendices
A High-speed airplanes 204
B Development of the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird 219
C Evolution of Lockheed's SST design 238
Glossary 257
Bibliography 267
Index 268
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