Macromolecules Containing Metal and Metal-Like Elements, Photophysics and Photochemistry of Metal-Containing Polymers / Edition 1

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Overview

Metal- and metalloid-containing macromolecules are defined as large molecules (i.e., polymers, DNA, proteins) that contain a metal or metalloid group affiliated with the molecule. This volume describes what is possible with metal-containing polymers where the metal is an essential ingredient in obtaining desired optical and electronic properties. Covering applications in nonlinear optical materials, solar cells, light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic cells, field-effect transistors, chemosensing devices, and biosensing devices, this indispensible guide focuses on the photochemistry and photophysics of metal-containing polymers, with chapters by leading contributors to the core advances in this field.

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Table of Contents

Preface.

Series Preface.

1. Introduction to Photophysics and Photochemistry(Shawkat M. Aly, Charles E. Carraher Jr., and Pierre D.Harvey).

I. General.

II. Photophysics and Photochemistry.

III. Light Absorption.

IV. Luminescence.

V. Emission Lifetime.

VI. Ground and Excited State Molecular Interactions.

A. Energy and Electron Transfer (Excited State Interactions andReactions).

B. Energy Transfer.

C. Electron Transfer.

VII. Nonlinear Optical Behavior.

VIII. Photoconductive and Photonic Polymers.

IX. Photosynthesis.

A. Purple Photosynthetic Bacteria.

B. Green Sulfur Bacteria.

X. Organometallic Polymers and Synthetic PhotosynthesisSystems.

XI. Summary.

XII. References Additional Readings.

XIII. References.

2. Luminescent Organometallic Coordination Polymers Built onIsocyanide Bridging Ligands (Pierre D. Harvey,Sébastien Clément, Michael Knorr, and JeromeHusson).

I. Introduction.

II. Luminescent Organometallic Polynuclear Systems andCoordination Polymers Containing a Terminal Isocyanide Ligand.

III. Luminescent Polymeric Systems Containing an IsocyanideLigand Assembled via M...M Interactions.

IV. Luminescent Organometallic Polymetallic Systems andCoordination Polymers Containing Bridging Isocyanides.

V. Conclusion.

VI. Acknowledgments.

VII. References.

3. Luminescent Oligomeric and Polymeric Copper CoordinationCompounds Assembled by Thioether Ligands (Michael Knorr andFabrice Guyon).

I. Introduction.

II. Background Informations.

III. Luminescent Copper Polymers Assembled by ThioetherLigands.

A. Copper Polymers Assembled by Monothioether Ligands RSR.

B. Copper Polymers Assembled by Aromatic DithioetherLigands.

C. Copper Polymers Assembled by Aliphatic Dithioether andPolythioether Ligands.

D. Copper Polymers Assembled by Dithioether and PolythioetherLigands Bearing Heteroelements in the Spacer Unit.

IV. Conclusion.

V. Acknowledgments.

VI. References.

4. Applications of Metal Containing Polymers in Organic SolarCells (Chris S. K. Mak and Wai Kin Chan).

I. Introduction.

II. Types of Organic Solar Cells.

A. Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.

B. Organic Thin Film Solar cells.

III. Solar Cell Characterizations.

IV. Metal Containing Polymers in Solar Cells.

A. Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.

B. Organic Thin Film Solar Cells.

V. Summary.

VI. Acknowledgments.

VII. References.

5. Functional Silole-Containing Polymers (Junwu Chen,Yong Cao, and Ben Zhong Tang).

I. Introduction.

II. Electronic Transition and Band Gap.

III. Light Emission.

A. Photoluminescence.

B. Electroluminescence.

IV. Bulk-Heterojuction Photovoltaic Cells.

V. Field Effect Transistors.

VI. Aggregation-Induced Emission.

VII. Chemosensors.

VIII. Conductivity.

IX. Optical Limiting.

X. Summary.

XI. Acknowledgments.

XII. References.

6. Photophysics and Photochemistry of Polysilanes forElectronic Applications (Starr Dostie, Cetin Aktik, andMihai Scarlete).

I. Introduction.

II. Synthesis of Electronic-Grade Polysilanes.

III. Band Structure.

IV. Photophysics.

A. Influence of the Backbone Structure.

B. Side Groups.

C. Nanostructured Polysilanes.

D. PL Quenching by Doping.

E. Energy Transfer.

F. Electroluminescence.

G. Cathodoluminescence.

H. Interaction with Photoelectrons.

V. Photochemistry.

A. Photo-Oxidation.

VI. Polysilane Thin Films for Electronic Devices.

A. LED.

B. Photoconductors.

C. Photovoltaics.

D. Lithography.

E. Electron Beam.

VII. Polysilane Films for Optical Devices.

A. NLO.

VIII. Summary.

IX. References.

7. Polymers with Metal-Metal Bonds as Models in MechanisticStudies of Polymer Photodegradation (David R. Tyler, BevinDaglen, and Ginger Shultz).

I. Introduction.

II. Experimental Strategies.

III. Synthesis of Polymers with Metal-Metal Bonds along theirBackbones.

A. Step-Growth Polymers.

B. ADMET Polymerization.

C. Chain-Growth Polymers.

IV. Photochemical Reactions of the Polymers in Solution.

V. Photochemistry in the Solid State.

VI. Factors Controlling the Rate of Polymer PhotochemicalDegradation in the Solid State.

A. Temperature Effects.

B. Interpreting the Kinetics of Polymer Degradation in the SolidState.

C. Photodegradation Rate Dependence on Polymer Curing Time.

D. The Effects of Stress on Polymer Degradation.

VII. Kinetics of Polymer Formation.

VIII. Concluding Remarks on the Importance of Radical-RadicalRecombination on the Efficiency of Polymer PhotochemicalDegradation.

IX. Acknowledgments.

X. References.

8. Optical Properties and Photophysics of Platinum-ContainingPoly (aryleneethynylene)s (Wai-Yeung Wong).

I. Introduction.

II. Synthetic Methods and Materials Characterization.

III. Optical and Photophysical Properties.

A. Energy Gap Law for Triplet States.

B. Phosphorescence Color Tuning of Metallopolyynes.

C. Roles of Metallopolyynes in Optoelectronic and PhotonicDevices.

IV. Summary.

V. Acknowledgments.

VI. References.

9. Luminescence in Polymetallic Gold-HeteronuclearDerivatives (Antonio Laguna and Jose M.López-de-Luzuriaga).

I. Introduction and Background.

II. Luminescent Gold-Silver Derivatives.

A. Supramolecular Gold-Silver Complexes with BidentateLigands.

B. Supramolecular Gold-Silver Complexes with TridentateLigands.

C. Supramolecular Gold-Silver Complexes Built with MetallicCationic and Anionic Counterparts.

III. Luminescent Gold-Copper Derivatives.

IV. Luminescent Gold-Thallium Derivatives.

A. Supramolecular Gold-Thallium Complexes with BidentateLigands.

B. Supramolecular Gold-Thallium Complexes through Acid-BaseReactions.

V. Luminescent Gold-Lead Derivatives.

VI. Luminescent Gold-Platinum Derivatives.

VII. Luminescent Gold-Mercury Derivatives.

VIII. Conclusion.

IX. References.

10. Functional Self-Assembled Zinc(II) Coordination Polymers(Chi-Chung Kwok and Chi-Ming Che).

I. Introduction.

II. Zinc(II) Terpyridine Polymers.

III. Zinc(II) Schiff Base Polymer.

IV. Summary.

V. Acknowledgment.

VI. References.

11. Redox and Photo Functions of Metal Complex Oligomer andPolymer Wires on the Electrode (Mariko Miyachi and HiroshiNishihara).

I. Introduction.

II. Bottom-Up Fabrication of Redox-Conducting Metal ComplexOligomers on an Electrode Surface and Their Redox ConductionBehavior.

A. Bottom-Up Fabrication of Metal Complex Oligomer and PolymerWires.

B. Electron Transport Behavior of the Molecular Wires on theElectrode.

III. Photoelectric Conversion System Using Porphyrin andRedox-Conducting Metal Complex Wires.

A. Bottom-Up Fabrication of the Porphyrin-TerminatedRedox-Conducting Metal Complex Film on ITO.

B. Photoelectrochemical Properties of the Porphyrin-TerminatedRedox-Conducting Metal Complex Film on ITO.

IV. Biophotosensor and Biophotoelectrode Composed ofCyanobacterial Photosystem I and Molecular Wires.

A. Biophotosensor Composed of Cyanobacterial Photosystem I,Molecular Wire, Gold Nanoparticle, and Transistor.

B. Biophotoelectrode Composed of Cyanobacterial Photosystem Iand Molecular Wires.

V. Conclusion.

VI. References.

Index.

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