The market leader for the full-year organic laboratory, this manual derives many experiments and procedures from the classic Feiser lab text, giving it an unsurpassed reputation for solid, authoritative content. The book includes new experiments that stress greener chemistry, updated NMR spectra, and a Premium Website that includes glassware-specific videos with pre-lab exercises. Offering a flexible mix of macroscale and microscale options for most experiments, this proven manual allows users to save on the purchase and disposal of expensive, sometimes hazardous organic chemicals. Macroscale versions can be used for less costly experiments, giving readers experience working with conventionally sized glassware.
Ken Williamson is retired from Mt. Holyoke College where he taught the organic chemistry laboratory course. He is an established authority on microscale techniques and regularly holds workshops and travels to campuses in the U.S., Canada, and Europe to demonstrate the use of microscale.
A PhD from Pennsylvania State University, Katherine Masters is director of the organic chemistry laboratory courses at Penn State.
1. Introduction. 2. Laboratory Safety, Courtesy, and Waste Disposal Techniques. 3. Melting Points and Boiling Points. 4. Recrystallization. 5. Distillation. 6. Steam Distillation, Vacuum Distillation, and Sublimation. 7. Extraction. 8. Thin-Layer Chromatography: Analysis of Analgesics and Isolating Lycopene from Tomato Paste. 9. Column Chromatography: Fluorenone, Cholesteryl Acetate, Acetylferrocene, and Plant Pigments. 10. Gas Chromatography: Analysis of Alkene Isomers. 11. Infrared Spectroscopy. 12. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. 13. Mass Spectroscopy. 14. Ultraviolet Spectroscopy, Refractive Indices, and Qualitative Instrumental Organic Analysis. 15. Computational Chemistry Elimination, Substitution, and Addition. 16. The SN2 Reaction: 1-Bromobutane. 17. Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions of Alkyl Halides. 18. Radical Initiated Chlorination of 1-Chlorobutane. 19. Alkenes from Alcohols: Cyclohexene from Cyclohexanol. 20. Bromination and Debromination: Purification of Cholesterol. 21. Dichlorocarbene Oxidation and Reduction. 22. Oxidation: Cyclohexanol to Cyclohexanone; Cyclohexanone to Adipic Acid. 23. The Cannizzaro Reaction: Simultaneous Synthesis of an Alcohol and an Acid in the Absence of Solvent. 24. Oxidative Coupling of Alkynes: 2,7-Dimethyl-3,5-octadiyn-2,7-diol. 25. Catalytic Hydrogenation. 26. Sodium Borohydride Reduction of 2-Methylcyclohexanone: A Problem in Conformational Analysis. 27. Epoxidation of Cholesterol. Aromatic Substitution and Elimination. 28. Nitration of Methyl Benzoate 29. Friedel-Crafts Alkylation of Benzene and Dimethoxybenzene; Host-Guest Chemistry. 30. Alkylation of Mesitylene. 31. The Friedel-Crafts Reaction: Anthraquinone and Anthracene. 32. Friedel-Crafts Acylation of Ferrocene: Acetylferrocene. 33. Reactions of Triphenylmethyl Carbocation, Carbanion, and Radical. 34. 1,2,3,4-Tetraphenylnaphthalene via Benzyne. 35. Triptycene via Benzyne Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones. 36. Aldehydes and Ketones. 37. Dibenzalacetone by the Aldol Condensation. 38. Grignard Synthesis of Triphenylmethanol and Benzoic Acid. 39. The Wittig and Wittig-Horner Reactions Reactions of Carboxylic Acids, Esters, and Amines. 40. Esterification and Hydrolysis. 41. Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin). 42. Malonic Ester of a Barbiturate. 43. Amines. 44. The Sandmeyer Reaction: 1-Bromo-4-chlorobenzene, 2-Iodobenzoic Acid, and 4-Chlorotoluene. 45. Synthesis and Bioessay of Sulfanilamide and Derivatives. 46. Dyes and Dyeing. 47. Martius Yellow. 48. Diels-Alder Reaction. 49. Ferrocene [Bis(cyclopentadienyl)iron]. 50. A Diels-Alder Reaction Puzzle: The Reaction of 2,4-Hexadien-1-ol with Maleic Anhydride. 51. Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone. 52. Hexaphenylbenzene and Dimethyl Tetraphenylphthalate. Derivatives of 1,2-Diphenylethane: A Multistep Synthesis. 53. The Benzoin Condensation: Catalysis by the Cyanide Ion and Thiamine. 54. Nitric Acid Oxidation; Preparation of Benzil from Benzoin; and Synthesis of a Heterocycle: Diphenylquinoxaline. 55. Borohydride Reduction of a Ketone: Hydrobenzoin from Benzil. 56. The Synthesis of 2,2-Dimethyl-1,5-dioxolane; The Acetonide Derivative of a Vicinal Diol. 57. The 1,4-Addition: Reductive Acetylation of Benzil. 58. Synthesis of an Alkyne from an Alkene; Bromination and Dehydrobromination: Stilbene and Diphenylacetylene. 59. The Perkin Reaction: Synthesis of a-Phenylcinnamic Acid. 60. Multicomponent Reactions: The Aqueous Passerini Reaction. 61. Chemiluminescence: Syntheses of Cyalume and Luminol. 62. Photochemistry: The Synthesis of Benzopinacol Natural Product Chemistry and Biochemistry. 63. Carbohydrates and Sweeteners. 64. Virstatin, a Possible Treatment for Cholera. 65. Biosynthesis of Ethanol and Enzymatic Reactions. 66. The Synthesis of Natural Products: Pseudopellitierene and Camphor. 67. Polymers: Synthesis and Recycling. 68. Searching the Chemical Literature.