Major Problems in American Foreign Relations: Documents and Essays / Edition 5

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Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, this reader uses a carefully-selected group of primary sources and analytical essays to allow students to test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions on the material presented.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780395938850
  • Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Company College Division
  • Publication date: 9/1/1999
  • Series: Major Problems in American History Ser.
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 636
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Dennis Merrill, a professor of history and department chair at the University of Missouri–Kansas City, received his Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut. He is the author of Bread and the Ballot: The United States and India's Economic Development, 1947–1963. The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations honored him with a Stuart L. Bernath Article Prize, and he has received two Fulbright awards to India. His current research interests focus on U.S.–Third World relations during the Cold War and the history of international tourism.

Thomas Paterson is Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Connecticut and received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1968. He is the general editor of Houghton Mifflin's Major Problems series, co-author of Major Problems in American Foreign Relations, 5/e, (Houghton Mifflin, 2000) and is co-author of A People and A Nation, 6/e (Houghton Mifflin, 2001). In addition to authoring several books and editing collections of essays on the history of U.S. Foreign Relations, he served as senior editor of the four-volume Encyclopedia of American Foreign Relations (1997). He is part president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations.

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Table of Contents

  • 1. Approaching the Study of American Foreign Relations
    Thomas J. McCormick, The World-System, Hegemony, and Decline
    Emily S. Rosenberg, Cultural Interactions
    Andrew Rotter, The Gendering of Peoples and Nations
    Michael H. Hunt, Racism in American Ideology
    Melvyn P. Leffler, National Security, Core Values, and Power
    J. Garry Clifford, Bureaucratic Politics and Policy Outcomes
    • 2. Woodrow Wilson, the First World War, and the League Fight
      1. The First Lusitania Note, 1915
      2. Robert Lansing and Johann-Heinrich Bernstorff Debate Submarine Warfare, 1916
      3. President Woodrow Wilson's War Message, 1917
      4. Senator Robert M. La Follette Voices His Dissent, 1917
      5. The Fourteen Points, 1918
      6. Articles 10 through 16 of the League Covenant, 1919
      7. Wilson Defends the Peace Treaty and League, 1919
      8. The Lodge Reservations, 1919
      • ESSAYS
        Arthur S. Link, Wilson's Higher Realism
        Jan Wilhelm Schulte-Nordholt, The Peace Advocate Out of Touch with Reality
        Thomas J. Knock, Wilson's Battle for the League: Progressive Internationalists Confront the Forces of Reaction
        • 3. The International History of the 1920s
        • DOCUMENTS
          1. Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes on Naval Disarmament, 1921
          2. The Isolationist Chicago Tribune Denounces Europe's Folly, 1921
          3. Debts and German Reparations: Hughes Calls on Private Experts for Help, 1922
          4. Manuel Ugarte Identifies the United States as the "New Rome," 1923
          5. "Trade Follows the Film," 1925
          6. Secretary of CommerceHerbert Hoover Extols U.S. Foreign Trade, 1926
          7. The Kellogg-Briand Pact Outlaws War, 1928
          • ESSAYS
            Norman A. Graebner, Oblivious to Reality: The Extremes of American Isolationism and Internationalism
            John Braeman, Powerful, Secure, and Involved: What More Should the United States Have Done?
            Frank Costigliola, U.S. Cultural Expansion in an Era of Systemic Upheaval
            • 4. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Origins of the Second World War in the Pacific
            • DOCUMENTS
              1. The Stimson Doctrine, 1932
              2. President Franklin D. Roosevelt Proposes to "Quarantine" Aggressors, 1937
              3. Japan Envisions a "New Order" in Asia, 1938
              4. Stanley K. Hornbeck Urges Economic Sanctions Against Japan, 1938
              5. Ambassador Joseph C. Grew Warns Against Economic Sanctions, 1939
              6. Japanese Proposals to the United States, November 1941
              7. American Proposals to Japan, November 1941
              8. The Japanese Position, Presented on December 7, 1941
              9. Roosevelt's War Message, 1941
              • ESSAYS
                Akira Iriye, Clash of Systems: The International Community Confronts Japanese Aggression
                Hosoya Chihiro, Miscalculation and Economic Sanctions: U.S. Hardliners EnsureWar with Japan
                Waldo Heinrichs, Roosevelt's Global Perspective: The Russian Factor in Japanese-American Relations
                • 5. Defeating the Axis, Planning the Peace: The Second World War
                • DOCUMENTS
                  1. Roosevelt Promises a Second Front, 1942
                  2. Joseph Stalin Conveys Impatience over a Second Front, 1943
                  3. Roosevelt and Stalin Discuss the "Four Policemen," at the Teheran Conference, 1943
                  4. Winston S. Churchill and Stalin Cut Their Percentages Deal, 1944
                  5. The Yalta Protocol of Proceedings, 1945
                  6. The Yalta Agreement on Soviet Entry into the War Against Japan, 1945
                  7. Roosevelt's Anger with Stalin, 1945
                  8. Roosevelt's Last Letter to Churchill, 1945
                  • ESSAYS
                    Warren F. Kimball, Franklin D. Roosevelt's Successful Wartime Diplomacy
                    Joseph L. Harper, The Failure of Roosevelt's Wartime Diplomacy
                    • 6. The Origins of the Cold War
                    • DOCUMENTS
                      1. Harry Hopkins and Joseph Stalin Discuss Lend-Lease and Poland, 1945
                      2. The Franck Committee Predicts a Nuclear-Arms Race If the Atomic Bomb is Dropped on Japan, 1945
                      3. Henry L. Stimson Appeals for Atomic Talks with the Soviets, 1945
                      4. George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram," 1946
                      5. Winston S. Churchill's "Iron Curtain" Speech, 1946
                      6. Henry A. Wallace Questions the "Get Tough" Policy, 1946
                      7. Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Novikov Identifies a U.S. Drive for World Supremacy, 1946
                      8. The Truman Doctrine, 1947
                      9. The Marshall Plan (Economic Cooperation Act of 1948)
                      10. National Security Council Paper No. 68 (NSC-68), 1950
                      • ESSAYS
                        Barton J. Bernstein, Secrets and Threats: Atomic Diplomacy and Soviet-American Antagonism
                        John Lewis Gaddis, Two Cold War Empires: Imposition v. Invitation
                        Frank Costigliola, George F. Kennan and the Gendering of Soviet Russia
                        • 7. Mao's China and the Chances for Sino-American Accommodation
                        • DOCUMENTS
                          1. U.S. Ambassador John Leighton Stuart Reports Mao's Overture, 1949
                          2. Zhou Enlai's (Chou En-lai's) Démarche, 1949
                          3. The State Department Responds to the Démarche, 1949
                          4. President Harry S. Truman Approves the Démarche, 1949
                          5. Secretary of State Dean Acheson Presents the "White Paper," 1949
                          6. Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) Denounces U.S. "Imperialism," 1949
                          7. Bo Yibo Remembers the Origins of China's "Lean to One Side" Policy (1949-1950), 1991
                          8. Senator William Knowland Argues Against Recognition, 1950
                          • ESSAYS
                            Jian Chen, No Lost Chance: The Chinese Communists Rejected Accommodation
                            Thomas J. Christensen, The Lost Chance for Peace: Washington Rejected Chinese Communist Overtures
                            • 8. The Korean War
                            • DOCUMENTS
                              1. Secretary of State Dean Acheson Defines the Defense Perimeter in Asia, 1950
                              2. Kim Il Sung Pleads for Soviet Support, January 1950
                              3. President Harry S. Truman and His Advisers Confer at the "Blair House Meeting," June 26, 1950
                              4. Mao Zedong Informs Joseph Stalin of China's Decision to Enter the Korean War, 1950
                              5. General Douglas MacArthur Dismisses the Likelihood of Chinese Intervention, 1950
                              6. Truman Discusses the Possible Use of Atomic Weapons in Korea, 1950
                              7. Truman Defends U.S. Policy, 1951
                              8. MacArthur's "No Substitute for Victory" Speech, 1951
                              • ESSAYS
                                Bruce Cumings, Korea's Civil War and the Roots of U.S. Intervention
                                Vladislov Zubok and Constantine Pleshakov, Korea: Stalin's Catastrophe
                                • 9. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Nuclear Arms
                                • DOCUMENTS
                                  1. National Security Council Paper No. 162/2 (NCS-162/2) Promotes Atomic Power, 1953
                                  2. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles Explains Massive Retaliation, 1954
                                  3. Dulles and President Dwight D. Eisenhower Threaten to Use Nuclear Weapons: The Taiwan Strait Crisis, 1955
                                  4. The National Security Council Discusses the Ramifications of Sputnik, 1957
                                  5. SANE Protests the Nuclear-Arms Race, 1957
                                  6. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev Reflects on the Nuclear-Arms Race, 1970
                                  7. Senator John F. Kennedy Presses for More Military Spending to Close the Missile Gap, 1960
                                  8. Eisenhower Warns Against the "Military-Industrial Complex," 1961
                                  • ESSAYS
                                    Michael S. Sherry, Eisenhower's Heroic But Failed Crusade Against Militarization
                                    Gordon H. Chang and He Di, Eisenhower's Reckless Nuclear Gamble over the Taiwan Strait
                                    • 10. Cuba and the Missile Crisis
                                    • DOCUMENTS
                                      1. CIA Assassination Plots Against Fidel Castro (1960-1965), 1975
                                      2. Guidelines for Operation Mongoose, 1962
                                      3. Cuba Protests U.S. Aggression, October 8, 1962
                                      4. Missiles Photographed in Cuba: President John F. Kennedy Meets with His Advisers, October 16, 1962
                                      5. Ambassador Charles E. Bohlen's Call for Diplomacy Is Rejected, October 17, 1962
                                      6. Kennedy Addresses the Nation, October 22, 1962
                                      7. Premier Nikita Khrushchev Asks for a U.S. No-Invasion Pledge, October 26, 1962
                                      8. Khrushchev Requests U.S. Removal of Jupiter Missiles from Turkey, October 27, 1962
                                      9. Kennedy and ExCom Consider Trading the Jupiter Missiles in Turkey, October 27, 1962
                                      10. Anastas I. Mikoyan and Fidel Castro Debate and Review the Crisis, November 4-5, 1962
                                      • ESSAYS
                                        Ernest R. May and Philip D. Zelikow, Kennedy's Controlled Response to Krushchev's Cuban Gamble
                                        Thomas G. Paterson, Spinning Out of Control: Kennedy's War Against Cuba and the Missile Crisis
                                        • 11. The Vietnam War
                                        • DOCUMENTS
                                          1. The Vietnamese Declaration of Independence, 1945
                                          2. President Dwight D. Eisenhower Advances the Domino Theory, 1954
                                          3. Final Declaration of the Geneva Conference on Indochina, 1954
                                          4. General Vo Nguyen Giap Outlines His People's War Strategy, 1961
                                          5. The Tonkin Gulf Resolution, 1964
                                          6. President Lyndon B. Johnson Explains Why Americans Fight in Vietnam, 1965
                                          7. Johnson Questions Dissenting Under Secretary of State George Ball, 1965
                                          8. Senator J. William Fullbright Decries the "Arrogance of Power," 1966
                                          9. Former Secretary of Defense Clark M. Clifford Recalls His Post-Tet Questions (1968), 1969
                                          10. Former Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara Concludes That He Erred, 1995
                                          • ESSAYS
                                            George C. Herring, Why the United States Failed in Vietnam
                                            Gabriel Kolko, America's Quest for a Capitalist World Order
                                            • 12. Richard M. Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger, the Grand Strategy, and Détente
                                            • DOCUMENTS
                                              1. President Richard M. Nixon Recalls His Initial Goals (1968), 1978
                                              2. The Nixon Doctrine, 1969
                                              3. Nixon Explains the Five Power Centers of the New Global Economy, 1971
                                              4. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger Defines Détente, 1974
                                              5. U.S. Covert Action in Chile (1963-1973), 1975
                                              6. The Journalist Anthony Lewis Blasts Kissinger's Record, 1977
                                              • ESSAYS
                                                Joan Hoff, Nixon's Innovative Grand Design and the Wisdom of Détente
                                                Raymond L. Garthoff, Why Détente Failed
                                                Walter Isaacson, Kissinger's Realism Without Morality
                                                • 13. The United States Encounters the Middle East
                                                • DOCUMENTS
                                                  1. President Chaim Weizmann Requests U.S. Help for Israel's "Pioneers," 1948
                                                  2. Egypt's Gamel Abdul Nasser Justifies Nationalizing the Suez Canal, 1956
                                                  3. The Eisenhower Doctrine, 1957
                                                  4. Conservative Saudi Prince Faisal Voices Opposition to Nasser, 1962
                                                  5. Lyndon Johnson Blames Moscow and the Arab States for the June 1967 War, 1971
                                                  6. United Nations Security Council Resolution 242, 1967
                                                  7. The Palestinian National Covenant, 1968
                                                  8. The Carter Doctrine, 1980
                                                  • ESSAYS
                                                    Michelle Mart, Popular Culture, Gender, and America's Special Relationship with Israel
                                                    Douglas Little, Cold War, Domestic Politics, and America's Strategic Ties with Israel, Iran, and Saudi Arabia
                                                    Daniel Yergin, Oil, Revolution, and Jimmy Carter's Iran Debacle
                                                    • 14. The Cold War Ends and the Post-Cold War Begins
                                                    • DOCUMENTS
                                                      1. President Ronald Reagan Denounces the Soviet Union, 1981
                                                      2. Reagan Touts U.S. Military Power and Introduces the Strategic Defense Initiative, 1983
                                                      3. General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev Identifies U.S. Delusions, 1985
                                                      4. Reagan Defends SDI After the Reykjavík Summit Meeting, 1986
                                                      5. Gorbachev Criticizes SDI After the Reykjavík Summit Meeting, 1986
                                                      6. Paul Kennedy on "Imperial Overstretch" and the Relative Decline of the United States, 1987
                                                      7. George Arbatov Explains the "New Thinking" in the Soviet Union, 1989
                                                      8. President George Bush Declares a New World Order During the Persian Gulf Crisis, 1990
                                                      9. President William J. Clinton Applauds America's Globalism and Warns Against a New Isolationism, 1995
                                                      • ESSAYS
                                                        Thomas G. Paterson, Superpower Decline and Hegemonic Survival
                                                        John Lewis Gaddis, Hanging Tough Paid Off
                                                        Daniel Deudney and G. John Ikenberry, Engagement and Anti-Nuclearism, Not Containment, Brought an End to the Cold War
                                                        Samuel P. Huntington, America's Misguided Quest for Unipolar Hegemony in the Post-Cold War World

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