Major Problems in American Foreign Relations, Volume I: To 1920 / Edition 6by Dennis Merrill, Thomas Paterson
Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, this reader uses a carefully selected group of primary sources and analytical essays to allow students to test the interpretations of distinguished historians and draw their own conclusions about the history of American foreign policy. This text serves as an effective educational tool for courses on U.S.… See more details below
Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, this reader uses a carefully selected group of primary sources and analytical essays to allow students to test the interpretations of distinguished historians and draw their own conclusions about the history of American foreign policy. This text serves as an effective educational tool for courses on U.S. foreign policy, recent U.S. history, or 20th Century U.S. history.The Sixth Edition incorporates coverage of the post-Cold War era as well as new material that examines the role of gender, race, and national identity in American foreign policy.
Table of Contents
Note: Each chapter concludes with Further Reading. 1. Explaining American Foreign Relations Essays Bradford Perkins, The Unique American Prism William Appleman Williams, The Open Door Policy: Economic Expansion and the Remaking of Societies Norman A. Graebner, The Pursuit of Interests and a Balance of Power Andrew Rotter, Gender, Expansionism, and Imperialism Mary A. Renda, Paternalism and Imperial Culture 2. The Origins of American Foreign Policy in the Revolutionary Era Documents 1. Governor John Winthrop Envisions a City Upon a Hill, 1630 2. John Adams of Massachusetts Explains French Interest in American Independence and Cautions Against Alliance, 1775 3. Patriot Thomas Paine Demands Severance from the British Empire, 1776 4. The Declaration of Independence, 1776 5. Treaty of Amity and Commerce with France, 1778 6. Treaty of Alliance with France, 1778 7. Treaty of Peace Provides for American Independence, 1783 8. Foreign Policy Powers in the Constitution, 1789 Essays Lawrence S. Kaplan, The Treaty of Alliance with France and American Isolationism Peter S. Onuf and Leonard J. Sadosky, American Internationalism and the U.S. Constitution 3. The Great Debate of the 1790s Documents 1. Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson Defends the Treaty with France, 1793 2. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton Urges Voiding the Treaty with France, 1793 3. Jay's Treaty, 1794 4. Virginia Senator James Madison Proposes Commercial Restrictions Against Britain, 1795 5. Hamilton Praises Jay's Treaty, 1795 6. A Democratic-Republican Society Blasts Jay's Treaty, 1795 7. President George Washington Cautions Against Factionalism and Permanent Alliances in His Farewell Address, 1796 Essays Joseph J. Ellis, The Sage of Mount Vernon Versus the Ideologue of Monticello Peter S. Onuf and Leonard J. Sadosky, Jefferson's Blend of Idealism and Realism 4. The Louisiana Purchase Documents 1. President Thomas Jefferson Assesses the French Threat in New Orleans, 1802 2. Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul of France, Explains the Need to Sell Lousiana to the United States, 1803 3. Robert R. Livingston, American Minister to France, Recounts the Paris Negotiations, 1803 4. Federalist Alexander Hamilton Debunks Jefferson's Diplomacy, 1803 5. Jefferson Instructs Captain Meriwether Lewis on Exploration, 1803 Essays Robert W. Tucker and David C. Hendrickson, Jefferson's Risky Diplomacy of Watching and Waiting Joyce Appleby, Jefferson's Resolute Leadership and Drive Toward Empire 5. The War of 1812 Documents 1. Secretary of State James Madison Protests British Impressment of Americans from the Chesapeake, 1807 2. The Embargo Act Forbids U.S. Exports, 1807 3. Massachusetts Federalist Josiah Quincy Denounces Calls for War, 1809 4. The Non-Intercourse Act Replaces the Embargo Act, 1809 5. Shawnee Chief Tecumseh Condemns U.S. Land Grabs and Plays the British Card, 1810 6. Kentucky Republican Henry Clay Articulates U.S. Grievances Against Britain, 1811 7. President James Madison Urges Congress to Declare War on Great Britain, 1812 8. Former President Thomas Jefferson Predicts the Easy Conquest of Canada, 1812 Essays Garry Wills, Commercial Coercion and the Conquest of Canada: Madison's Failed Diplomacy Steven Watts, Crusade to Revitalize the American Character 6. The Monroe Doctrine Documents 1. Secretary of State John Quincy Adams Warns Against the Search for "Monsters to Destroy," 1821 2. British Foreign Secretary George Canning Proposes a Joint Declaration, 1823 3. Thomas Jefferson Advises President James Monroe to Cooperate with Britain, 1823 4. John Quincy Adams Argues Against a Joint Anglo-American Declaration in the Cabinet Meeting of November 7, 1823 5. The Monroe Doctrine Declares the Western Hemisphere Closed to European Intervention, 1823 6. Colombia Requests an Explanation of U.S. Intentions, 1824 7. Juan Bautista Alberdi of Argentina Warns Against the Threat of "Monroism" to the Independence of Spanish America, n.d. Essays James E. Lewis Jr., Ineffective Defense, At Best William E. Weeks, The Age of Manifest Destiny Begins Ernest R. May, Domestic Politics and Personal Ambitions 7. Westward Expansion and Indian Removal Documents 1. Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen Protests Removal, 1830 2. The Indian Removal Act Authorizes Transfer of Eastern Tribes to the West, 1830 3. The Cherokee Nation Protests the Removal Policy, 1830 4. President Andrew Jackson Defends Removal, 1830 5. Cherokee Nation v. the State of Georgia: The Supreme Court Refuses Jurisdiction over Indian Affairs, 1831 6. Cherokee Chief John Ross Denounces U.S. Removal Policy, 1836 Essays Theda Perdue, The Origins of Removal and the Fate of the Southeastern Indians Robert V. Remini, Jackson's Good Intentions and the Inevitability of the Indian Removal Act 8. Manifest Destiny, Texas, and the War with Mexico Documents 1. Commander Sam Houston's Battle Cry for Texan Independence from Mexico, 1835 2. General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Defends Mexican Sovereignty over Texas, 1837 3. Democratic Publicist John L. O'Sullivan Proclaims America's Manifest Destiny, 1839 4. President James K. Polk Lays Claim to Texas and Oregon, 1845 5. Polk Asks Congress to Declare War on Mexico, 1846 6. The Wilmot Proviso Raises the Issue of Slavery in New Territories, 1846 7. Massachusetts Senator Daniel Webster Protests the War with Mexico and the Admission of New States to the Union, 1848 8. Mexican Patriots Condemn U.S. Aggression, 1850 Essays Anders Stephanson, The Ideology and Spirit of Manifest Destiny Thomas R. Hietala, Empire by Design, Not Destiny David M. Pletcher, Polk's Aggressive Leadership 9. Expansion to the Pacific and Asia Documents 1. S. Wells Williams Remembers Protestant Missionary Work in China, 1883 2. American Merchants in Canton Plead for Protection During the Opium Crisis, 1839 3. A Chinese Official Recommends Pitting American Barbarians Against British Barbarians, 1841 4. Secretary of State Daniel Webster Instructs Caleb Cushing on Negotiating with China, 1843 5. Webster Warns European Powers Away from Hawai'i, 1851 6. Instructions to Commodore Matthew C. Perry for His Expedition to Japan, 1852 7. Ii Naosuke, Feudal Lord of Hikone, Advocates Accommodation with the United States, 1853 8. Tokugawa Nariaki, Feudal Lord of Mito, Argues Against Peace, 1853 Essays Walter LaFeber, The Origins of the U.S.-Japanese Clash Paul W. Harris, Protestant Missionaries and Cultural Imperialism in China 10. The Diplomacy of the Civil War Documents 1. South Carolina Senator James H. Hammond Thunders: "Cotton Is King," 1858 2. Secretary of State William H. Seward Presents "Some Thoughts for the President's Consideration," 1861 3. President Abraham Lincoln Proclaims a Blockade, 1861 4. Seward Warns the British, 1861 5. Senator Charles Sumner Taunts John Bull Regarding the Trent Affair, 1862 6. Seward Warns Europe Against Intervention in Mexico, 1862 7. The Emancipation Proclamation, 1862-1863 8. Ambassador Charles Francis Adams Protests the Iron Clads, 1863 Essays James M. McPherson, British Realpolitik Trumps "King Cotton" Howard Jones, British Intervention: A Very Close Call 11. Becoming a World Power in the Late Nineteenth Century Documents 1. Future Secretary of State William H. Seward Dreams of Hemispheric Empire, 1860 2. President Ulysses S. Grant Urges Annexation of the Dominican Republic, 1870 3. Congress Calls for a Pan American Conference, 1888 4. Captain Alfred T. Mahan Advocates a Naval Buildup, 1890 5. Designers Race About a Gentleman's Globally-Inspired Decor, 1892 6. Queen Lili'uokalani Protests U.S. Intervention in Hawai'i, 1893, 1897 7. Secretary of State Richard Olney Responds to the Venezuela Crisis and Trumpets U.S. Hegemony in the Hemisphere, 1895 Essays Paul Kennedy, U.S. Industrialization and World Power Kristin Hoganson, Cosmopolitan Domesticity: U.S. Consumerism and World Power Fareed Zakaria, State-Centered Realism: How a Weak U.S. Government Inhibited America's Rise to World Power 12. The Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War Documents 1. Cuban Nationalist Jose Marti Cautions Against Annexation to the United States, 1895 2. Spanish Minister Enrique Dupuy de Lôme Criticizes President William McKinley, 1897 3. Senator Redfield Proctor Condemns Spain's Reconcentrado Policy, 1898 4. President McKinley Asks Congress to Authorize War on Spain, 1898 5. The Teller Amendment Disavows the U.S. Annexation of Cuba, 1898 6. American Anti-Imperialist League Platform, 1899 7. McKinley Preaches His Imperial Gospel, 1899 8. The Platt Amendment Restricts Cuba's Independence, 1903 Essays Walter LaFeber, Preserving the American System John L. Offner, Colonial Stalemate, Domestic Politics, and the Unwanted but Necessary War Louis A. Perez Jr., Derailing Cuban Nationalism and Establishing U.S. Hegemony 13. The Open Door Policy and China Documents 1. The First Open Door Note Calls for Equal Trade Opportunity in China, 1899 2. The British Communicate a Friendly but Noncommittal Reply, 1899 3. The Russians Provide a Friendly but Noncommittal Reply, 1899 4. The Second Open Door Note Calls for Preservation of Chinese Independence, 1900 5. Missionary Evelyn Sites Describes the Emotional Conversion of a Chinese Woman, n.d. 6. Missionary Anna Hartwell Discusses "Soul Winning," 1919 7. The Boxers Lash Out at Christian Missionaries and Converts, 1900 Essays Michael H. Hunt, The Open Door Constituency's Pressure for U.S. Activism Arnold Xiangze Jiang, U.S. Economic Expansion and the Defense of Imperialism at China's Expense Jane Hunter, Women Missionaries and Cultural Conquest 14. Theodore Roosevelt, the Big Stick, and U.S. Hegemony in the Caribbean Documents 1. New York Governor Theodore Roosevelt Preaches the Manly Virtues of Overseas Expansion, 1899 2. Argentina's Foreign Minister Louis Drago Condemns the Collection of Debts by Force, 1902 3. The Panama Canal Treaty Grants the United States a Zone of Occupation, 1903 4. President Rafael Reyes Enumerates Colmbia's Grievances Against the United States, 1904 5. The Roosevelt Corollary Asserts U.S. Police Power over the Western Hemisphere, 1904 6. Ruben Dario's "To Roosevelt," 1905 Essays Mark T. Gilderhus, Bravado and Bluster: TR's Sphere of Influence in the Caribbean Emily S. Rosenberg, TR's Civilizing Mission: Race, Gender, and Dollar Diplomacy Richard H. Collin, Theodore Roosevelt's Measured Response to Political Instability and European Encroachment 15. Woodrow Wilson, the First World War, and the League Fight Documents 1. The First Lusitania Note Requests Germany to Halt Submarine Warfare, 1915 2. President Woodrow Wilson Asks Congress to Declare War Against Germany, 1917 3. Senator Robert M. La Follette Voices His Dissent, 1917 4. Wilson Proclaims U.S. War Aims: The Fourteen Points, 1918 5. Articles 10 Through 16 of the League of Nations Covenant, 1919 6. Wilson Defends the Peace Treaty and League, 1919 7. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Proposes Reservations to the League Covenant, 1919 Essays Thomas J. Knock, From Peace to War: Progressive Internationalists Confront the Forces of Reaction Jan Wilhelm Schulte-Nordholt, The Peace Advocate Out of Touch with Reality Tony Smith, Wilsonianism: Workable Blueprint for a Broken World
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